The Internet or 'Net' Neutrality
, by definition, means that there are no restrictions of any kind on access to content on the Web, no restrictions on downloads or uploads, and no restrictions on communication methods (email, chat, IM, etc.)
It also means that access to the internet will not be blocked, slowed down, or sped up depending on where that access is based on who owns the access point(s). In essence, the internet is open to everyone.
What does an open internet mean for the average Web user?
When we get on the Web, we are able to access the entire Web: that means any website, any video, any download, any email. We use the Web to communicate with others, go to school, do our jobs, and connect with people all over the world. Because of the freedom that governs the Web, this access is granted without any restrictions whatsoever.
Why is Net Neutrality important?
: Net Neutrality
is the reason that the Web has grown at such a phenomenal rate from the time it was created in 1991 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee (see also History of the World Wide Web).
Creativity: Creativity, innovation, and unbridled inventiveness have given us Wikipedia, YouTube, Google, I Can have Cheezburger, torrents, Hulu, The Internet Movie Database, and much more.
Communication: Net neutrality has given us the ability to freely communicate with people on a personal basis: government leaders, business owners, celebrities, work colleagues, medical personnel, family, etc., without restrictions.
Strong net neutrality rules should be left in place to ensure all of these things exist and thrive. If Net Neutrality rules are removed, everyone that uses the internet will lose these freedoms.
Is Net Neutrality available worldwide?
No. There are countries whose governments restrict their citizens’ access to the Web for political reasons.
Vimeo has a great video on this very topic that explains how limiting access to the internet can impact everyone in the world.
Is Net Neutrality in danger?
Possibly. There are many companies that have a vested interest in making sure that access to the Web is not freely available. These companies are already in charge of most of the Web’s infrastructure, and they see potential profit in making the Web “pay for play”.
This could result in restrictions on what Web users are able to search for, download, or read. Some people in the United States are even afraid that changes from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) could result in a negative net neutrality ruling.
At Fight for the Future's Battle for Net Neutrality site, you can send a letter directly to FCC and Congress and let them know how you feel.
You can also file a document into the official FCC proceeding to let officials know whether or not you want Net Neutrality regulations to change or remain in place. It's a super wonky form with a couple of weird things (hey, this is the government!) so follow these instructions carefully:
- Visit ECFS Express at the FCC website.
- Type 17-108 in the Proceeding(s) box. Press Enter to turn the number to a yellow/orange box.
- Type your first name and last name in the Name(s) of Filer(s) box. Press Enter to turn your name into a yellow/orange box.
- Fill in the rest of the form as you would normally fill in an internet form.
- Check the Email Confirmation box.
- Tap or click the Continue to review screen button.
- On the next page, tap or click the Submit button.
That's it! You've made your feelings known.
What would happen if Net Neutrality were to be restricted or abolished?
Net neutrality is the foundation of the freedom that we enjoy on the Web. Losing that freedom could result in consequences such as restricted access to websites and diminished download rights, as well as controlled creativity and corporate-governed services.
Some people call that scenario the 'end of the internet.'
What are "Internet fast lanes"? How are are they related to Net neutrality?
"Internet fast lanes" are special deals and channels that would give some companies exceptional treatment as far as broadband access and internet traffic. Many people believe that this would violate the concept of net neutrality.
Internet fast lanes could cause issues because instead of Internet providers being required to provide the same service for all subscribers regardless of size/company/influence, they could be able to make deals with certain companies that would give them preferred access. This practice could potentially hamper growth, strengthen illegal monopolies, and cost the consumer.
In addition, an open internet is essential for a continued free exchange of information – a bedrock concept that the World Wide Web was founded upon.
Net neutrality is important
Net neutrality in the context of the Web is somewhat new, but the concept of neutral, publicly accessible information and transfer of that information has been around since the days of Alexander Graham Bell. Basic public infrastructure, such as subways, buses, telephone companies, etc., are not allowed to discriminate, restrict, or differentiate common access, and this is the core concept behind net neutrality as well.
For those of us who appreciate the Web, and want to preserve the freedom that this amazing invention has given us to exchange information, net neutrality is a core concept that we must work to maintain.