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Adjective, Adverb, and Noun Clauses | English Grammar Book

Adjective, adverb, and noun Clauses contain a subject and a verb. They function as adjectives, adverbs, and nouns using pronouns or subordinating conjunctions.

Adjective Clauses

An adjective clause is also known as a relative clause. It contains a subject and a verb but it does not express a Complete thought and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. This clause provides a description and functions as an adjective. Adjective clauses are placed after the noun it is modifying. Adjective clauses start with a pronoun.
  • The kids who live in this neighborhood take the bus to school. (Modifies kids)
  • Sean who is my best friend lives in that house. (Modifies Sean)
  • The dog that ate my garden vegetables lives next door. (Modifies dog)
  • Maria whose father is a Spanish professor is my Spanish tutor. (Modifies Maria)
  • The bike that I won at the raffle got a flat tire. (Modifies bike)

Adverb Clauses

An adverb clause provides a description and functions as an adverb. It contains a subject and a verb but it does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. Adverb clauses answer questions of how, when, where, and why. Adverb clauses start with a subordinating conjunction.
  • Call me when you get home. (Answers when)
  • I cooked dinner while the kids were playing outside. (Answers when)
  • This is the store where the robbery took place. (Answers where)
  • Bring extra clothes since we might get wet at the beach. (Answers why)
  • You can have another cookie if you tell me your secret. (Answers how)

Noun Clauses

A noun clause plays the role of a noun. It contains a subject and a verb but it does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. Noun clauses start with a pronoun or subordinating conjunction.
  • That store is where I bought your favorite shoes.
  • You get to choose which restaurant we go to tonight.
  • The reason we were late is because my car ran out of gas.
  • Jane is the only one who knows my secret.
  • My dog will sleep wherever he wants.


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Adjective, Adverb, and Noun Clauses | English Grammar Book

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