A Temporary Historical past of Kenya
The pre-colonial Historical past of Kenya relationship from across the tenth century was marked by the elevated curiosity in Kenya’s coastal strip as one of many posts for maritime retailers just like the Arabs, Portuguese, and Persians. These commerce posts alongside the Kenyan coast later grew to become city facilities or city-states and have been dominated by Muslim leaders such because the Sultan of Zanzibar and the Omani Arabs.
The numerous tribes that inhabited the inside of Kenya largely co-existed peacefully however the dominance of the Maasai group prevailed attributable to their expertise at warfare and their fixed profitable raids over different communities. The curiosity of the Muslim merchants in Kenya later prolonged past the Kenyan coast into the inside as they went in caravans in quest of merchandise like ivory, ostrich feathers and even people for the thriving slave commerce. These business actions ultimately opened up Kenya to colonialism.
The colonial historical past of Kenya is flout with conflicts arising not solely from the resistance of the native communities to the colonial powers, but additionally from the totally different overseas events that have been competing for dominance over the area. Initially the native communities had their very own political techniques however these have been step by step watered down by the affect of the Omani Arabs and Portuguese alongside the east African coast as they sought to manage the harbors.
Later within the 19th century, the British set in to finish the slave commerce and to utilize the ports. The Europeans additionally introduced Christianity whereas others got here on expeditions into this new world and noticed its quite a few sources, which enhanced their resolve to increase their pursuits past the coastal strip.
The British took over management of inside Kenya from 1895 whereas the Germans managed the Kenyan coast from 1885 to 1888. The British established the white highlands and constructed the Kenya- Uganda railway.
Independence and post-colonial historical past of Kenya
The Kenyan tribes put up ferocious resistance to colonial oppression which led to heavy casualties on either side as exemplified within the Maumau rebellion. Finally Kenya acquired its independence in 1963 and have become a republic in 1964. Since then three presidents have headed the nation.
· Jomo Kenyatta (1963- 1978)
Kenyatta’s rule was marked by his efforts to share out the sources that had beforehand been held by the European aristocrats to the Kenyans. Nevertheless, he favored the kikuyu, Meru and Embu communities on this, which later led to ethnic clashes.
· Daniel Moi (1978-2002)
Upon the dying of Kenyatta, Moi took over and his regime was marked with autocracy, brutality, and corruption.
· Mwai kibaki (2002- at present)
The structure barred Moi from vying for an additional presidential time period and Kibaki took over because the third president within the historical past of Kenya. On this regime, appreciable financial stability has been witnessed till the 2007 post-election clashes that destabilized the nation.
Kibaki’s time period is about to finish in early 2013 as per the structure and the nation is getting ready for an additional election in march below the brand new structure.
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