Respiratory monitoring and diagnostic devices (RMDDs) enables the measurement of the amount of air taken in or breathed out and also provides the oxygen and carbon dioxide count present in the blood.
In urbanized localities of the developing countries like India Respiratory diseases and COPD are on the rise due to rising levels of pollution and environmental degradation. People addicted to smoking also succumb easily to respiratory diseases.
World over and especially in developing and urbanizing regions the demand for Respiratory Monitoring and diagnostic devices are showing a growing trend due to a greater number of people seeking treatment for respiratory diseases and ailments. Advancement in respiratory disease therapy methods is also increasing the demand for the RMDDs. The global respiratory monitoring and diagnostic devices market is growing at the rate of 9.7% CAGR. In 2016 the market worth was 15.14 billion US dollars, and within the next five years, it is expected to cross 24.07 billion US dollars.
Several types of Respiratory monitoring and diagnostic devices are being produced by the global manufacturers. These include Pulse Oximeter, Sleep test devices, Gas analyzers, Capnograph, Spirometers and Peak flow meters. Advancement in technology has made these devices smaller and more effective. The devices can also be used for treatments at home, and the readings can be saved on the cloud and accessed by the doctor anytime.
Pulse oximeters are devices which have been designed to capture absorbance in the pulsating arteries alone. Other absorbances like absorbance by blood flowing through veins, absorption by skin, muscles, fats and other tissues are screened out by the device. Since the blood in the arteries absorbs oxygen, the device is able to quantify oxygen absorption rate. The device is small and is attached to a thin part of the body like earlobe or fingertip while monitoring the oxygen absorption rate.
Sleep test devices enable testing of oxygen absorption during sleep in patients with sleep apnea or in people who experience breathing problems while sleeping. Sleep test device is a small device that is attached to the fingertip to measure oxygen absorption rate by the blood. The device has thin tubes attached to the nasal and oral passage to measure the air flows through these pathways in sleeping patients.
Gas analyzers are used in therapy to analyze the amounts of gasses present in the breathing environment of patients or people with breathing problems. Some gas analyzing devices have inbuilt alarms which buzz out when oxygen level goes down permissible limits or if the presence of harmful gasses is detected. The gas analyzer is based on different infrared rays absorption patterns of different gases and their calibration.
Capnograph devices have been used to monitor carbon dioxide content in the respired air during administering anesthesia or sedation to look out for hypoxia and correct it immediately so as to prevent brain damage or while administering CPR to monitor chest compression.
A spirometer is a device to measure the volume of air inhaled and exhaled in the lungs during respiration. Spirometers can identify obstructive and restrictive patterns of the lungs being filled by air and then become empty of air. Spirometers are based on different technologies including a pressure transducer, ultrasonic and water gauge technology. Spirometers are used for detecting symptoms of diseases like asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. A spirometer is also used for diagnosing problems like shortness of breath and effect of breathing contaminated air and for monitoring the effect of certain medicinal therapies for treating respiratory diseases.
Peak flow meters are devices that measure the patient’s maximum expiration speed. The handheld device can assess the airflow through the bronchi and identify obstructions in breathing. Patients with respiratory diseases are likely to have obstructed breathing and lower than normal peak flow meter readings.
At present, there is an untapped market which is waiting to be discovered. The Asia Pacific and Latin American regions are expected to pose a greater demand during the forecasted period.
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