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What’s Behind the Amazing Accuracy of Joint Replacement Surgery? – Health Essentials from Cleveland Clinic

Are you bearing in mind a Joint implant to alleviate your knee, hip or shoulder ache? For joint substitute Surgical Treatment to achieve success, surgeons must make actual cuts in the broken bone earlier than implanting a man-made joint.

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Accuracy and right kind alignment are two important facets of this procedure, says orthopedic surgeon, Joseph George, MD. “Several things go into the planning of a well-done joint replacement, but it begins with balance and accuracy,” he says.

If you’re getting a knee substitute, for instance, there’s an opening between your bones when your knee is instantly and when it’s bent.

“The art of doing a knee replacement is making sure those gaps match,” Dr. George says. “If they don’t, you will have looseness in the range of motion at some point. This can lead to instability and pain.”

Improper alignment or rotation too can motive problems together with your knee cap, he says. For those causes, surgeons want to keep sharply inquisitive about accuracy when slicing away broken bone and aligning and positioning the new joint.

Tools for extra correct joint substitute

There are gear surgeons use to lend a hand be certain precision and accuracy. In the finish, they mean you can recuperate sooner so you’ll go back on your day-t0-day actions.

1. Digital templating is helping surgeons plan

Through virtual templating, your surgeon makes use of a pc program to create a pre-operative virtual fashion of your shoulder, knee or hip. This is helping resolve how a lot bone or cartilage to take away and displays precisely the place the cuts will pass.

A transparent plastic template over the X-ray offers the surgeon an concept of the dimension and form of the implant the staff will want.

“Before you show up to play a game, you need a plan,” he says. “Templating allows us to take a step back and verify everything is OK and we have the right size implant before performing surgery.”

2. Computer navigation provides actual mapping skill

Surgeons would possibly use laptop navigation to help in mapping precisely the place to take away the bone from the joint with higher precision.

“It helps you plan your cuts by registering bony landmarks on the patient,” Dr. George says. 

three. Custom-made guides fit your anatomy

Custom-fit joint replacements additionally a great deal strengthen accuracy in Surgical treatment. Customized implants fit your precise anatomy, in keeping with your CT or MRI scan.

If you wish to have a knee substitute, for example, your surgical staff can generate a three-D fashion of your knee after you go through preoperative scans. This data the actual measurements of your knee, Dr. George says.

The staff feeds the information into a pc. During surgical treatment, the surgeon makes use of specialised gear or jigs custom designed for every affected person. The jigs make sure that the bone incisions line up exactly with the geometry of the implant. 

four. Robotic help: Another step towards precision

If your imaginative and prescient of robotic-assisted surgical treatment is the scene the place the blue robotic fixes Luke Skywalker’s hand, don’t fear.

“The robot doesn’t do the surgery,” Dr. George says. “The surgeon is in control. The robot is just a mechanical arm that assists us in making the cuts where we have decided ahead of time to make them. It’s another tool we can use to make sure that we get a good, reproducible solid joint.”

With any robotic-assisted surgical treatment, the procedure is the identical as conventional surgical treatment, he says.

The surgeon nonetheless has to make the identical quantity of cuts or incisions. But the robotic mimics the surgeon’s actions. The surgeon’s arms regulate the motion and location of surgical tools. This makes it more straightforward to accomplish the surgical treatment with better precision.

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