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Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism: What's Mohism?

Before we begin the latest Quiz, let's review a couple of things. In addition, this is part of the 180 Days of History series, where I'll try to tackle what we learn in class with a new post each day. If you haven't already, you should try reading the precursor to this post, the one explaining Confucius, Laozi, and Han Fei. If you want to study ahead of time, since we'll be covering the Han Dynasty later, you can read our extremely detailed post about the Han Dynasty.

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Those eyebrows look like bae

What is Confucianism?

Here are 7 facts to remember about Confucian thought:
  1. Founded by Kongfuzi, or Confucius.
  2. Confucius was from the Lu State, in the Shandong Province.
  3. He did not write the Analects - his students did.
  4. Confucius liked talking about wisdom.
  5. He Believed that confidence was more important to the people than food.
  6. Confucius believed that the family was the foundation of the state.
  7. He argued for several 'subservient and special' relationships, like wife to husband, son to father, people to ruler, etc.
I wish I had a heavenly beard
like him...

What is Daoism?

These are 4 facts about the Daoist religion:
  1. Founded by Laozi.
  2. Argues in favor of the natural way.
  3. What I meant by that was - he says that we should all go with the easiest route.
  4. Example: Flowing water moves around a rock, slowly chipping it apart, instead of converging on the rock to blow it into smithereens.

This is Laozi, by the way.

Man, he looks so intense!

What was Legalism?

Make sure you know these 4 things about Legalism.
  1. Founded by Han Feizi.
  2. Fei was from the State of Han, the smallest kingdom and the first to be conquered.
  3. He developed Legalism as a synthesis of three other big authoritarian thinkers and rulers of the state of Han.
  4. It argues that people will naturally obey harsh law.

Finally, what was 'Mohism'?

Mohism wasn't taught in class and is a relatively obscure ideology that never became popular during the Warring States period (like Confucianism), but it also never became popular after the Warring States, too - unlike Confucianism. Here are three things about Mohism.
Those dazed eyes, though.
Image is from The East
  1. Founded by Mozi.
  2. Mozi believed that rulers were supposed to help the common people.
  3. What I mean by that is like providing tools to farmers, getting water to farmers, and...well, helping farmers.
Here's the quiz!

If you enjoyed that quiz, here's another quiz - Ten Surprising Things that 9 out of 10 People Miss when Asked about China. Mrs. Craddock only got a 6 on this, too - think you can beat her?

This post first appeared on Unifiniti | Infinity Verse, please read the originial post: here

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Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism: What's Mohism?


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