Karva Chauth is one of the Hindu festivals. In Karva Chauth fasting rituals observed by all married Hindu women who seek the longevity, prosperity, and well-being of their husband. This fasting ritual is done during Krishna Paksha Chaturthi in the Hindu month of Karthik. In Karva Chauth festival Hindu married women fast from sunrise to moonrise for their husband.
Karva Chauth festival traditionally celebrated in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Punjab. Normally, women who observe this festival are called “Saubhagyavati” meaning “joyous and happy status of wifehood.” Karva means Clay pot while Chauth means fourth. This is the best time to meet friends and relatives and exchange gifts. During this festival, parents send various gifts to their married daughters.
During this festival, jewelry, clothes, and gifts are received from both the woman’s mother-in-law and mother. All married women wear wedding day outfits once again and apply mehndi. Karva Chauth is a fasting day observed for Lord Ganesha. Married women worship Lord Shiva and his family including Lord Ganesha and break the fast only after seeing and making the offerings to the moon.
The fasting women collectively sitting in a circle, while doing Karva Chauth Puja, singing a song while performing the feris (passing their thalis around in the circle). The fast begins with dawn. Fasting women do not eat during the day. In traditional observances of the fast, the fasting woman does not housework. Women apply henna and other cosmetics to themselves and each other.
Women dress in special clothes during this festival. A pink or red sari with a gold woven pattern is worn by many women as part their custom and is worn only in the evening. New brides will wear their wedding costumes. The Karva Chauth fast sets a merry tone of frolic and fun, feasting and festivity and is amongst the biggest festivals celebrated by Hindus.
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