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Cinematic Lighting

Key Light

A key light is the primary light of the scene. It will be the most intense and direct light source of the entire scene. It will be the first light to set up, and will be used to illuminate the form of the subject or actor.

Fill Light

A fill light illuminates the shadows that are created by the key light. A fill light is usually placed on the opposite side of the key light, and often not as powerful as the key.

Back Light

A back light hits an actor or object from behind, and is usually placed higher than the object it is Lighting. A backlight is often used to separate an object or an actor from a dark background, and to give the subject more shape and depth. 

Sidelight

A sidelight, as you might have guessed, is a light that comes from the side parallel to the actor. A sidelight is ideal for creating a dramatic mood lighting which is created with low key and high contrast. A traditional technique employed throughout the film noir period of cinema.
Practical light
A practical light is an actual working light within the scene itself. This can be a household lamp, a TV, candles, police lights and so on.
Soft light
Soft light is a sort of lower perfect intensity light.Soft light comes from a large source, either a light fixture or diffusion sheet. The light produced will have soft shadows or no shadows at all.
Hard Light
Hard light creates sharp and harsh shadows. You will get hard light from the midday sun, or a small lighting source. Hard light is often unwanted. 
High Key
High Key is a style of lighting that is bright and shadowless with lots of fill light. It was used a lot in the classic Hollywood period in the 1930s and 40s, in particular for comedies and musicals.
Motivated Light
Motivated lighting is when the light in the scene imitates a natural source within the scene. The difference between motivated lighting and practical lighting is that motivated lighting is the act of enhancing and replicating practical lighting.
Available/Natural Light
Available is what already exists at the location. This could just be the sun itself in the Rub’ al Khali Desert, or street lights and store signs on a New York City street.

Available is what already exists at the location. This could just be the sun itself in the Rub’ al Khali desert, or street lights and store signs on a New York City street.
Courtesy : premiumbeat, Wikipedia, Nofilmschool


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Cinematic Lighting

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