Amer Fort (Hindi: आमेर क़िला or Amber Fort) is found in Amer, a city with a region of four sq. kilometres (1.5 sq mi) settled eleven kilometres (6.8 mi) from Jaipur, Rajasthan state, India. settled high on a hill, it's the principal tourer attraction within the Jaipur space. The city of Amer was originally designed by Meenas, and later it absolutely was dominated by Raja Man Singh I (December twenty one, 1550 – Gregorian calendar month half-dozen, 1614).Amer Fort is thought for its inventive Hindu vogue components. With its giant ramparts and series of gates and cobbled methods, the fort overlooks Maota Lake. it's the most supply of water for the Amer Palace.Constructed of red arenaceous rock and marble, the enticing, princely palace is arranged out on four levels, each with a courtyard. It consists of the Diwan-i-Aam, or "Hall of Public Audience", the Diwan-i-Khas, or "Hall of Private Audience", the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), or Jai Mandir, and the Sukh Niwas where a cool climate is artificially created by winds that blow over a water cascade within the palace. Hence, the Amer Fort is also popularly known as the Amer Palace. The palace was the residence of the Rajput Maharajas and their families. At the entrance to the palace near the fort's Ganesh Gate, there is a temple dedicated to Sila Devi, a goddess of the Chaitanya cult, which was given to Raja Man Singh when he defeated the Raja of Jessore, Bengal in 1604. (Jessore is now in Bangladesh).This palace, along with Jaigarh Fort, is located immediately above on the Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the same Aravalli range of hills.The palace and Jaigarh Fort are considered one complex, as the two are connected by a subterranean passage. This passage was meant as an escape route in times of war to enable the royal family members and others in the Amer Fort to shift to the more redoubtable Jaigarh Fort. Annual tourist visitation to the Amer Palace was reported by the Superintendent of the Department of Archaeology and Museums as 5000 visitors a day, with 1.4 million visitors during 2007.At the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, in 2013, Amer Fort, along with five other forts of Rajasthan, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan.Amber, or Amer, derives its name from the Ambikeshwar Temple, built atop the Cheel ka Teela. Ambikashwara is a local name for the god Shiva. However, local folklore suggests that the fort derives its name from Amba, the Mother Goddess Durga.Amer palace is situated on a forested hill promontory that juts into Maota Lake near the town of Amer, about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Jaipur city, the capital of Rajasthan.The palace is near National Highway 11C to Delhi. A narrow 4WD road leads up to the entrance gate, known as the Suraj Pol (Sun Gate) of the fort. Elephant rides are taken through the narrow Sun Gate.Earlier to the Kachwahas, Amer was a small place built by Meenas in the town they consecrated to Amba, the Mother Goddess, whom they knew as 'Gatta Rani' or 'Queen of the Pass'. The fort is originally believed to have been built by Raja Man Singh during 967 CE. Amer Fort, as it stands now, was built over the remnants of this earlier structure during the reign of Raja Man Singh, the Kachwaha King of Amber.The structure was totally dilated by his descendant, Jai Singh I. Even later, Amer Fort underwent enhancements and additions by sequent rulers over subsequent a hundred and fifty years, till the Kachwahas shifted their capital to Jaipur throughout the time of Sawai Jai Singh II, in 1727.According to Tod this region was referred to as Khogong. The Meena King Raja Ralun Singh additionally referred to as Alan Singh Chanda of Khogong kind-heartedly adopted a stranded Hindustani mother and her kid United Nations agency wanted refuge in his realm. Later, the Meena king sent the kid, Dhola Rae, to metropolis to represent the Meena kingdom. The Rajput, in feeling for these favours, came back with Hindustani conspirers and massacred the unarmed Meenas on Diwali whereas performings rituals i.e. Pitra Trapan, it's customery within the Meenas to be unarmed at the time of PitraTrapan, "filling the reservoirs within which the Meenas bathed with their dead bodies" [Tod.II.281] and therefore conquered Khogong.This act of Kachwaha Rajputs was termed as most coward and shameful in history of Rajasthan.The first Hindustani structure was started by Raja Kakil Dev once Amber became his capital in 1036 on the location of gift day Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan. a lot of of Amber's current buildings were started or dilated throughout the reign of Raja Man Singh I within the 1600s. Among the chief building is that the Diwan-i-Khas in Amber Palace of Rajasthan and also the intricately paited Ganesha Poll designed by the Mirza Raja Jai Singh I.
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