Birmingham is the second largest city in the United Kingdom after the capital London between the capital and the city of Manchester, and its history extends back about 1500 years.
It developed into one of the most important British cities visited by millions annually. It is a distinguished civilised city, an international centre for commerce and industry, and a significant home to many commercial and international banks.
Birmingham has gained wide international fame for pioneering business, shopping, recreation, entertainment, and sports. Besides the academic fame that the city has achieved, it includes three of the most influential and efficient British educational universities: the University of Birmingham, Aston University, and Birmingham City University.
History of Birmingham
Birmingham has experienced 1,400 years of growth, from a small Anglo-Saxon village on the edge of the Arden Forest in the 7th century to what you can see now. Also, immigration, innovation, and civic pride helped create the Industrial Revolution, which led to the growth of similar cities worldwide.
Birmingham rose from a market town to a fast-growing city in the 19th century. And that was because of civic investment, scientific achievement, and commercial innovation.
After that, Birmingham became the United Kingdom’s civilised centre in the manufacturing and automobile industries. Then the city gained its credit as a city of cars, and now as a major European city for conferences and shopping.
Weather in Birmingham
The city’s climate is characterised by being sunny in the first months of the year, and in the last four months of the year, the city becomes cold, and a lot of snow falls on the buildings, giving a beautiful view. So, winter is one of the best times to visit Birmingham if you are a winter lover.
Birmingham and Football
Birmingham is full of many famous football teams, but the most popular are Birmingham FC and Aston Villa FC, and we will get to know more about them.
Birmingham City FC
It is considered one of England‘s oldest clubs, founded in 1875; half of its career was in the Premier League and the other half in the First Division.
The club won the First Division title 4 times, the Second Division once, and succeeded in winning the League Cup twice. It was recorded that it was the first English team to reach the final of a European Championship.
The stadium of St Andrews is the home of Birmingham City Football Club, which has a capacity of 30,016 seats. It was opened on 26 December 1906 in the English Premier League match between Birmingham City and Middlesbrough.
Another famous club in Birmingham City was founded in 1874 and contributed to promoting the Premier League in 1888. Its former president, William MacGregor, owned establishing the English Premier League.
Aston Villa is one of the winners of the European Champions League and the European Super Cup, while locally, it has won the League 7 times, the Cup 7 times, the League Cup 5 times, and the Super Cup once.
Villa Park is the home stadium of Aston Villa FC, located in the Aston district of Birmingham; it was founded in 1897, with a capacity of 42,788 spectators, it is one of the most important stadiums in the United Kingdom and hosting the semi-finals of the FA Cup.
Attractions in Birmingham
Birmingham is a great city to visit in England, including many destinations that attract tourists worldwide to enjoy a memorable and enjoyable time. Here are the famous attractions you can visit in the city to have.
Victoria Square and the City Centre
It is an excellent place to explore; you can see the beautiful old Town Hall built in 1832 and designed in a Victorian style. The site resembles a Roman temple with 40 ornate Corinthian Anglesey marble columns.
The place has been the centre of the music scene of the city since hosting the first performance of Mendelssohn’s Elijah in 1847. There is world-class acoustics, and a stunning auditorium regularly features A-list singers and performers. When you are there, you will see two memorials, one to inventor James Watt and the other to Queen Victoria.
Other places that you can visit is the Chamberlain Square and the Central Library. It is home to the most extensive Shakespeare collection outside the United States, which includes 50,000 volumes in 90 languages.
The Birmingham Botanical Gardens
The Birmingham Botanical Gardens is a famous attraction in the city that you can visit. The place extended across 15 acres and was founded in the 19th century. A garden is a place where you can find countless species, with preserved Victorian-era glasshouses, and it is full of many collections of bonsai trees, including one over 250 years old.
More than 7,000 plants around the globe are located in the garden, and many species of wildlife, such as tropical birds and a butterfly house. The place also includes a gift shop, a tearoom, and a playground for children to play in it. Events in the garden are held inside throughout the year, like the Chinese New Year and Christmas.
National SEA LIFE Centre
Another top-visited place in Birmingham is where you can explore more than 60 exhibits related to marine life. The most popular exhibit there is the aquarium’s massive million-litre ocean tank with its underwater tunnel, which allows tourists a magnificent view of the different sea creatures.
When you visit the place, you will find more than 2,000 species, including seahorses, giant octopi, lobsters, crabs, and stingrays. Inside, there is a 4D cinema that offers educational programming, and you can book fun behind-the-scenes or penguin-feeding experiences.
St Philip’s Cathedral
Philip’s Cathedral is considered the third smallest in England. It was built in 1715 and started as a parish church, then elevated to its present status in 1905. The Cathedral was bombed in 1940, rebuilt in 1948, and it was returned to its rightful place.
The Cathedral is near the Jewellery Quarter, and when you visit the place, you will see the beautiful art installation of 2000 soul boats that are now hanging from the ceiling.
Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
The Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery is a magnificent museum outside of London. It was opened in 1885 and includes a collection of works by Pre-Raphaelite painters and artworks from the 17th and 19th centuries.
When you visit the museum, you will see many displays of the city’s history, covering centuries of European history and culture, such as archaeological finds dating back to the Stone Age, Pinto Collection, with its 6,000-plus toys and items made of wood, and collection of Egyptian mummies.
National Motorcycle Museum
The National Motorcycle Museum includes over 1000 motorcycles, all restored to the manufacturer’s original specifications. It attracts many visitors a year from around the world.
While touring the museum, you will see one of the earliest machines dating back to 1898, and you will also find modern-day superbikes. It is a perfect place for motorcycle lovers to see the hard work of the family that put their efforts into creating the museum.
Cannon Hill Park
Cannon Hill Park was built for the people of Birmingham to relax—over 80 acres of formal parkland and 120 acres of woodland plantation. Children will love the place, where they can play and discover the park looking for animals within the woods like frogs and hedgehogs.
Pedal boats are operating on the lake during the summer that you will love using, and there is a weather-permitting mini-fair.
Birmingham Science Museum
Birmingham Science Museum is a perfect attraction for families. It includes many fascinating, hands-on, interactive, science-related exhibits and other steam-powered machines and industrial machinery collections.
Also, when you are there, you will see beautiful displays, including a chocolate packaging machine and the Spitfire Gallery, with its authentic World War II aircraft. There is a Science Garden, containing a human-sized hamster wheel, and the beautiful Thinktank Planetarium with its tours of the stars and planets.
Birmingham Wildlife Conservation Park
The Birmingham Wildlife Conservation Park is on the edge of Cannon Hill Park. It was established in 1964. It is a worthwhile place to visit and have a great time with your children. It is like a small zoo where you can find many animals, including red pandas, lemurs, and meerkats.
The park is considered an important place for its research and breeding programmes. It offers children fun experiences and hands-on experiences.
Barber Institute of Fine Arts
The Barber Institute of Fine Arts is near Birmingham University, containing many art collections from the Renaissance to the 20th century. It was built by Queen Mary in 1939, making it a perfect place for art lovers. Robert Atkinson designed the building, considered one of Britain’s leading architects.
The place includes masterpieces by artists such as Rubens, Watteau, Gainsborough, Manet, Botticelli, and much more. While touring the site, you will see exhibits that include Ancient Roman coins and Treasures of Ancient Egypt.
Sheldon Country Park
Sheldon Country Park spreads out over 300 acres of open grassland and woodland. It is a beautiful place to spend your day, have a picnic, and go for a relaxing walk. You will find trails from 2 to 5 km and other shorter ones.
When you arrive at the park, you will see Old Rectory Farm from the 17th century, which was restored and operates as a demonstration farm. Many animals, such as pigs, goats, ponies, ducks, and chickens, can be seen.
Great Western Arcade
The Great Western Arcade is in the middle of the city’s retail district. It was built in a Victorian style, suffered bombing damage in World War II, and the original arched glass roof was rebuilt.
The best time to visit the place is in winter, especially at Christmas when the decorations are stunning, and the site includes many different food areas that you will love spending time in.
The Jewellery Quarter is where you can find more than 200 jewellers’ silversmiths and workshops that produce 40 per cent of Britain’s jewellery. It is near the Clock Tower on the streets of Vyse and Frederick.
One of the famous destinations that you can visit in the quarter is the Museum of the Jewellery Quarter. There you can see demonstrations of jewellery-making techniques at the jeweller’s bench, take a look at the Earth’s Riches showcase gallery and see jewellery made from materials found in nature.
Also, you can visit the Hall of Memory Baskerville House, erected in 1925, to memorialise the 14,000 city men who lost their lives during World War II. The Pen Museum is also an excellent place to see. The first-rate museum showcases the city’s former role as a hotbed of pen-making and the history of writing instruments.
Winterbourne House and Garden
As many people know, Birmingham includes many beautiful houses and gardens, and Winterbourne House is one of them. The house was restored to its original Edwardian era, making it a unique heritage attraction.
When you visit the house, you will see many beautiful antiques, walk through the botanic garden that includes more than 6000 plant species from around the world, and see a 1930’s style Japanese bridge.
The Cadbury World is at Cadbury’s Bournville manufacturing site, near the city of Birmingham, and there you can learn more about the chocolate and the manufacturing process history.
It is well-known as one of the world’s largest confectioneries. You can enjoy theme-park-like attractions suitable for families and try making your candy. Before leaving, you can shop in the world’s largest Cadbury’s sweet shop and visit the village of Bournville, which the Cadbury family built after 1860 specifically to house their large workforce.
Steam trains are one of the country’s most effective forms of transportation; only a few working steam railways are still running throughout England, attracting many tourists throughout the year. The journey starts from Birmingham to Stratford Upon Avon, where you can see large amounts of land, farms, stylish villages, stations, and waterways that makeup Shakespeare’s county.
You will have delicious meals during your tour, from an English breakfast to a freshly cooked Roast Dinner.
Hotels in Birmingham
Here are some famous hotels you can visit while in the city.
Quality Hotel Birmingham South
The hotel is near Birmingham Airport; it offers many services, including free wireless internet, coffee and tea-making facilities, and private bathrooms with a hairdryer. It serves beautiful meals, steaks, and fresh fish.
Radisson Blu Hotel
It is a luxury hotel in Birmingham, as the exterior building is designed of glass and consists of 39 luxurious rooms. It also offers many services like a minibar, facilities for preparing coffee and tea, and delicious cocktails.
Macdonald Burlington Hotel
It is one of the distinctive hotels in Birmingham, and the hotel is characterised by modern construction. It offers a variety of services to its customers, including distinguished bathrooms containing complimentary toiletries and delicious cocktails that can be enjoyed in the hotel’s private bar, in addition to the most delicious international cuisine.
This post first appeared on Travel Blog, Culture And Travel Vlogs From ConnollyCove, please read the originial post: here