General Sir Richard Shirreff served as Britain’s top officer in Nato from 2011 to 2014
Both General Sir Richard Shirreff and General Sir Richard Barrons, a former commander of Joint Forces Command are of the opinion that the Russians are using Ukraine and the Syrian war to test hybrid warfare techniques such as the co-ordination of fake news with bombs and bullets.
The two generals believe Britain is being targeted with the same weapons, from disinformation put out by state-sponsored media outlets to the military-grade nerve agent attack in Salisbury.
Hear General Shirreff:
“This is not the Kremlin in a state of conventional war but a framework of thinking that says you are in a state of perpetual conflict.”
It would be recalled that thousands of emails sent by Moscow-linked figures outlined a campaign of dirty tricks in Ukraine, which was invaded on the orders of President Putin in 2014. The emails revealed what the Kremlin would pay for hacking, propaganda and rent-a-mob rallies.