You can use the command ls —color (or an alias) to show directories with colours for folders, files, links, etc. However, you may not realise these colours can be easily configured using bashrc and a configuration file.
.bashrc file (in your home directory) to include the following line:
alias lc="ls --color=always"
This will enable coloured listings on all uses of ls (to save you typing
--colors. Save the file and in your terminal window enter
source ~/.bashrc to reload your bash config. Try an
ls to confirm that you have got colors working.
On some systems (including Mac) the bash configuration is stored in
You have a lot of options for configuring the directory colours. They can be stored in
LS_COLORSwhich can be set in .bashrc via
In the file
/etc/DIR_COLORS(you will need to be root to configure and this is global for all users)
In the file pointed by the variable
COLORS(can be in your home directory)
Color configuration is done through a special formatted string:
FILE-TYPE Attribute codes: Text color codes:Background color codes FILE-TYPE: is file type like DIR (for directories) Attribute codes: 00=none 01=bold 04=underscore 05=blink 07=reverse 08=concealed Text color codes: 30=black 31=red 32=green 33=yellow 34=blue 35=magenta 36=cyan 37=white Background color codes: 40=black 41=red 42=green 43=yellow 44=blue 45=magenta 46=cyan 47=white
DIR 01;34 gives you a bold blue directory.
So to change the configuration globally edit the
/etc/DIR_COLORS file as follows:
sudo nano /etc/DIR_COLORS
DIR 01;34 # default is Bold blue with black background
And change it to:
DIR 01;34;41 # NEW default is Bold blue with RED background
Using LS_COLORS (in your own
.bashrc file) the format is slightly different:
Here the codes are as follows:
di = directory fi = file ln = symbolic link pi = fifo file so = socket file bd = block (buffered) special file cd = character (unbuffered) special file or = symbolic link pointing to a non-existent file (orphan) mi = non-existent file pointed to by a symbolic link (visible when you type ls -l) ex = file which is executable (ie. has 'x' set in permissions). 0 = default colour 1 = bold 4 = underlined 5 = flashing text 7 = reverse field 31 = red 32 = green 33 = orange 34 = blue 35 = purple 36 = cyan 37 = grey 40 = black background 41 = red background 42 = green background 43 = orange background 44 = blue background 45 = purple background 46 = cyan background 47 = grey background 90 = dark grey 91 = light red 92 = light green 93 = yellow 94 = light blue 95 = light purple 96 = turquoise 100 = dark grey background 101 = light red background 102 = light green background 103 = yellow background 104 = light blue background 105 = light purple background 106 = turquoise background