India is staring at the worst ever water crisis in history and the demand for potable water would outstrip supply by 2030 reveals a startling Study conducted by NITI Aayog.
Painting a dismal picture for the future on the freshwater availability front and pointing at the poor water Management Practices by the various states of the Indian Union, the study pointed out that 2 lakh people have died every year due to lack of access to safe drinking water.
“Twenty-one cities including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, and Hyderabad where the groundwater exploitation and depletion is at its highest would run out of groundwater as early as 2020, which would affect the lives of about 100 million people. This, in turn, would go to affect the GDP growth to the tune of 6% in the year 2050” the study reveals.
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The groundbreaking study encompassing 24 states in the country on vital parameters of water management and conservation measures, came out with startling facts and statistics too.
According to the study “Critical groundwater resources which amounted to 40% water supply in these states are getting depleted at an unsustainable level, whereas about 70% of extracted water is highly contaminated” the shocking report says pointing out at the unsustainable water management practices.
While Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh took the top three spot for sustainable water management practices Jharkhand, Bihar, and Haryana came in for the stick as they are in the last three spots, which is attributed to the poor water management practices among Non-Himalayan states.
Among Himalayan and North Eastern states, Himachal Pradesh fared badly, as is evident from the worst ever water crisis being faced and experienced by the state this year.
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The Niti Aayog Study further sounds the alarm bell saying “About 60% of states studied were “low performers” on the water crisis scenario, and this is really a cause for alarm”
The water crisis has gripped the food plains including Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, and Chhattisgarh, which accounted for about 30% of agricultural output the report says and attributed the dismal plight to inefficient and limited policy action initiated by the respective state governments on the water conservation front.
“This dismal water scenario, if unchecked would transform into food security risk and challenge for the country” the landmark study pointed out.
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