Prostate cancer might not present symptoms in the beginning.
If it does present symptoms, prostate cancer may present similar symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) which is not a cancerous disease, but rather an enlargement of the prostate. This distinction should be made by your urologist.
You might also present more serious symptoms:
- Pain during ejaculation
- Hematuria (blood in urine)
- Blood in semen
- Bone pain
- Nerve compression
Treatment options include surgical resection, radiotherapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy.
What's causing prostate cancer?
It could be an error in your DNA known as the Ras mutation. When a Ras mutation occurs, it may cause errors on the instructions for cell growth and differentiation, leading those cells to become cancerous in the prostate. Genetics and lifestyle may also be factors in some patients.
Men may not get their prostate checked until their symptoms are already interfering heavily with their daily lives. In other cases, men might live and die without realizing they had prostate cancer. It is important for research to continue and be supported so that men don't have to live in fear of prostate cancer. It is also important for men to stay educated, and prostate cancer awareness month is a good time as any!