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Parental impact on children’s personality

Parents: The people who brought us to the world. The people who protect and let us feel the meaning of a family. Each of us belongs to a family, which is an institutionalized bio-social group. Parents are a key and indispensable member and are responsible for the proper upbringing of their children.

It is known to all of us that a family is a group, in which biological and social aspects plays a huge role. The conditions and requirements have to do with the influences of the wider social environment. The family in the past, does not look like the family of today, of course it was a group then, but this group had another life content, another composition and the poles were different and clear.

However a family is formed, all of them have something in common. Participate emotionally and share a common life, while simultaneously taking part of the multiple responsibilities of family life. For children, it is life support. They form through their family, and especially through their parents, their personality, something that is undoubtedly a prime factor in the person’s development. Parental behavior is the cause, and the behavior of the child is the result. Researches have shown that there is a relevance between parental behavior and the psychosocial development of the child.

It would be a mistake to say that one factor affects the development of personality because personality development is a much more complicated process but you can confidently assume that parenting style is one of the strongest factors in that case. When a child grows up he is usually affected by what he was taught in his past by his parents.

For that reason, it is important that parents set the right examples for their children. Negative examples can be detrimental to a child’s development and can lead to bad behaviour.

Different Behaviours

Psychologists subdivided the parents into categories, and found out, which behaviours children will adopt. Parental behaviour is one of the psychological factors that shape the psychological climate of the family. Of course, these categories apply to the majority of families, but not to all. There are always exceptions!

Authoritarian and strong parents raise their kids with low self-esteem. Right! The only thing that this kind of parents want to, is the obedience of their children, without asking something. The child has to conform to the parent’s rules. The result?  They are not given the opportunity to express their wants and feelings, feel like soldiers and develop aversion and aggression to others. Finally, they think that they will achieve what they want, by using violence in their relationships with their peers (Hart, De Wolf & Burts, 1992).

Overprotective parents raise their children with fear. Well, someone who is protected all over the time, would come to the conclusion that that the world is unsafe and don’t have the chance to develop enough skills to deal with the hard and unfair life. The result? Disappointment and fear. The children usually show tyrannical behavior, selfish attitude, self-centered mood, limited social contacts, dependence and social insecurity.

Permissive parents raise children with high self- assurance and high self- esteem. Parents who are always available, but at the same time aren’t demanding, and don’t put rules, raise children who don’t listen to anybody, don’t conform to any rules and are high self-assured.

Authoritative parents raise level- headed children. From the one had this kind of parents set strict rules to guide the children, living with rules, and having limits, but on the other hand in a diplomatic way. The children learn to conform to rules of their society, but at the same time to live with confidence and authority.

The combination of affection and autonomy seems to be the golden ratio for their character. Recognizing their rights and showing respect for their individuality, their particular preferences and interests, is the best way to raise a healthy personality. These parents generally have children with emotional stability, sociability, friendly mood, appeal for learning, high performance, enhanced self-esteem, creativity and cooperation.

So, the answer to the question, if the parental intervention has an impact on children’s personality, is YES, of course!

All in one, an indication of the good functioning of the family are characteristics, like love, caring, support, security, open communication, appreciation and respect for each member of the family. Give your children respect and appreciation! Don’t forget that, respect generates respect! The parents who show respect to their child and talk to them equally will discover that the child will respond the same way later.

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Parental impact on children’s personality


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