Let’s try an easy Aipan design today.
Aipan is a Floor art from Uttarakhand. Though mainly a floor art, this art is also done on walls, doorstep and in the puja room. During the festive season, people decorate the floors with intricate designs. It is believed that these motifs evoke divine power which brings good fortune and wards off the evil.
Like many other floor art that we see, this art is also done by the women in the house and the form has been handed over from one generation to the next. So there is no defined way to create these patterns but there are some shapes which make it easily recognizable.
Unlike Rangoli and Kolam in South India, Aipan is free form. We do see geometrical patterns and linear designs. You can recognise this art easily with the close lines that are drawn parallel to each other to fill a space. The common Indian patterns like flowers, birds, conch shells, feet of the Goddesses that adorn aipan.
Aipan is done over the brick red floor with a white paste made out of rice flour. The way the powdered rice is used is different for different art forms. Like in Rangoli we use the rice powder itself to create the design. Alpana from Bengal uses this flour paste which is thick in consistency and it is applied with a piece of cloth. The women use their fingers to paint aipan. The consistency of the flour paste is much thin and flows easily.
Art lesson from Aipan
We will need colored paper and white acrylic paint and a Thin Brush. See some aipan designs. There are some very common motifs that are used in Indian designs. They are the spirals, Paisleys and the swastiks. Dots form an important pattern. Thin parallel lines are drawn quite often in Aipan.
Children above 10 years should try this art.
Here you will learn
- To control a thin brush to make patterns in free hand.
- Drawing simple Indian patterns
- Filling up areas with patterns
- Drawing parallel lines and bringing symmetry to patterns
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