In this blog we will discuss Income Tax Benefits to Senior Citizen available as per Income Tax Act. A person becomes senior citizen once he attains 60 years of age. Income Tax Department categories Senior citizen into two part. First Senior Citizen is with age bracket of 60 years to 79 years old and Second Senior Citizen is with age bracket of 80 years and above.
There are some tax exemption available for senior citizen. From F. Y. 2011-12 qualifying age limit for senior citizen has been reduced from 65 years to 60 years and from F Y 2015-16 exemption limit for senior citizen has been enhance from 2,50,000/- to 3,00,000/-.
A new category of Very Senior Citizen has been introduced in F Y. 2011-2012 (A Y 2012-13) with qualifying age 80 years and above with enhance exemption limit of Rs.5,00,000/-.
Senior Citizens and very senior citizen are granted a higher exemption limit as compared to normal tax payers.
The Exemption Limit of a Senior Citizen for the financial year 2016-17 available to a Resident Senior Citizen is Rs.3,00,000/-. An Additional benefit of Rs.50,000/- in form of higher exemption limit available to Resident Senior Citizen in comparison to non-senior citizen.
The Exemption Limit of a Very Senior Citizen for the financial year 2016-17 available to a Resident Senior Citizen is Rs.5,00,000/-. An Additional benefit of Rs.250,000/- in form of higher exemption limit available to Resident Very Senior Citizen in comparison to non-senior citizen and Rs.2,00,000/- higher than Resident Senior Citizen.
TAX BENEFIT OF MEDICAL INSURANCE
From Financial Year 2015-17 (A Y 2016-17) a Resident Senior Citizen can claim higher deduction of Rs.30,000/- under section 80D on insurance premium paid for Medical Insurance. Earlier it was Rs.20,000/-
HIGHER DEDUCTION U/S 80DDB
Section 80DDB provides deduction to an assessee in case of expense on medical treatment of specified ailments. Deduction Limits is Rs.40,000/- for normal patient while deduction limit Rs.60,000/- for a senior citizen patient.
From A Y 2016-17 higher limit of deduction of upto Rs.80,000/- is allowable for the expenditure incurred in respect of the medical treatment of a Very Senior Citizen.
TDS EXEMPTION ON BANK DEPOSITS
Senior Citizen can claim exemption on the Tax Deducted At Source (TDS) on interest income earned on bank deposits. It can be done by submitting Form 15H under Section 197 of the IT Act.
HIGHER INTEREST RATES
Senior Citizen receives higher interest rates on 5 Year Fixed Deposit which is eligible for deduction from total income under Section 80C.
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