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What, Why, How all about civil engineering. Jobs and Scope

One of the engineering professional educational practice that occupy the area of construction, designing, building, developing and maintenance of structure like houses, roads, buildings, dams etc. Here is details discussion on what do civil engineers do, how to be a Civil engineer and how much they make 

Civil engineering is everywhere. It existed even before the history was written. It’s in every road you drive. It’s in the clean water you drink. It’s where you live, work and play. It is the practical creativity we see around the globe!  Civil Engineers help improve the lives of millions of people every day.

What is Civil Engineering?

When it comes to any kind of construction projects you’ll find civil engineers providing their services at their best. This includes constructing, designing and maintaining buildings, dams, bridges, tunnels, roads, water supply and sewage systems. The story doesn’t end here; civil engineers are sub-divided to many different fields as per their sub-disciplines i.e.

  • environmental engineers,
  • construction engineers,
  • architectural engineers,
  • material engineers,
  • earthquake engineers,
  • structural engineers,
  • geo technical engineers and many more.

What do CIVIL engineers do

How to become a Civil Engineer

Step no 1: Make up your mind for it

If you want to pursue your career as a civil engineer you should know your caliber for it specifically. If you’re good at calculations, mappings, graphs and material designing you should definitely opt civil engineering as a career. If you are not already good in these subjects still want to pursue it, you need to work hard on your core areas to get skillful enough to be a good civil engineer, as engineering is all about how polished your skills are to be competent enough in your field of work.

Step no 2: Explore Civil Engineer job opportunities and position

Civil engineering is an extensive field that compiles various competencies involving building and construction; sewage systems etc. After searching for the subdivisions you should start preparing yourself in high school. As a civil engineer, you would have administrative and management tasks needed to be fulfilled such as environmental system, building costs, time spans.

Step no 3: Prepare for a Civil Engineering Education in High School

When you get done with figuring out whether you want to choose civil engineering as a professional career the next step you work on is to select the advanced science high school courses such mathematics, chemistry, computer science and physics. A strong background and grip in science courses can help result in good for your four year bachelor of science in civil engineering. Getting good grades in the core areas may help you get acknowledged into some good engineering college or university.

Step 4: Get a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering

Here comes the step to get enrolled in any civil engineering program, according to the sub-division you prefer, which takes four years to complete. The core study in calculus, statistics, mechanics, electronics, physics, designing, geography, material sciences and many more will help you develop your skills that are used in practically in your job afterwards. This way you can also develop your interests in specific subjects and take it to high research levels.

Step 5: Get Licensed as a Professional Engineer

The final step involves getting your Professional Engineering license in order to be able to take part in work fields and offer your services on professional level. Once you get your license you are called a certified engineer and can work in your area of field practically. Now let your self make free of all worries and concentrate the following para on what do civil engineers do.

What do civil engineers do

Civil Engineers work at the maximum level of plan and design to ensure large infrastructure projects, which requires solving complicated issues. Their responsibility is to determine the possibility of plans, especially when it comes to estimating financial costs and managing safety concerns. They use the principles of trigonometry, calculus, and other advanced knowledge for analysis, design and calculation in their work. High-quality analytical skills are a must for any civil engineer because they have to read and infer many complex , diagrams, structures, maps and reports, because this is the only way they can get done with their daily job duties in an effective and well-organized manner. One who doesn’t have good analytical skills may face a tough time working as civil engineer.  Concrete, water, heavy machinery, maps, reports are the tools they deal and play with every day. A civil engineer makes strategies to build and design safe/stable structures.

Main Task of Civil Engineering

If we take an overall view, these are the main tasks civil engineers get involved with:

  • examine inspection reports, charts, materials and structures to plan projects
  • survey to set up orientation points, grades, and elevations to conduct construction
  • check construction materials, such as concrete, asphalt, or steel, for use in specific projects
  • employ design software to map out and devise shipping systems, hydraulic systems, and structures in line with production industries and government principles
  • analyze construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors in planning stages
  • assess soils to determine the sufficiency and power of fundamentals.

Some master piece of civil engineering

Basically Civil engineers are responsible to change the map of this globe, without them the world would not have looked this much modified and groomed as it is now! Here are some sample on what do civil engineers do.

Their duty is so simple in this world, building the impossible! Their passion is to break the definitions. Their hobby is to provide identity to different places in the world. It was thought that “buildings are built in an environment” , civil engineers built environment inside a building,. One of the master piece of civil and architecture engineering is TAJ MAHAL, listed in seven wonder of world.

What do CIVIL engineers do

They said “buildings are not advised to built in a seashore”, civil engineers built the third tallest hotel in an island called Burj Al Arab in Dubai, UAE in 1999 and raised it above the water level to ensure their creativity.

What do CIVIL engineers do

Burj Khalifa is literally the world’s largest building in the whole world built in Dec 2009.Kansai airport in Osaka bay Japan, London bridge in U.K, Taj Mahal palace in Mumbai India are some of the master pieces through which civil engineers proved their creativity. That’s what do civil engineers do b- give a practical and real image of their imaginations!

10 Most Impressive Civil Engineering Projects

pyramids of gizaGreat Pyramid of Giza:  Is made of three million stone blocks is built by thirty thousand labor and it is the tallest (450 ft) man made structure in world for more than 3800 years.

Great Wall of China:  five thousand and a half mile long wall is that the mortar used in its construction is made of rice flour. The present condition of this wall to be took place enjoys 2000 years

Aqueduct of Segovia: It consist 167 arches and each arch is 29 ft tall and is made of 2400 granite block/

Brooklyn Bridge: Was the first longest (3460ft) suspension bridge to use steel in its cables. It has a capacity of 144000 vehicles a day.

Panama Canal: This man made canal (77 km) was designed to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to provide trade ships with passage between North and South America. More than 15000 ships cross the canal every year.

Hoover Dam: Provide electricity to 1.3 million people included in the Seven Wonders of the World, the dam generates four billion kilowatt hours of electricity for use.

Golden Gate Bridge: This historic wonder 80000 mile long is made 27572 strands of wire connects San Francisco to the rest of the bay, and is made up of six hundred thousand rivets.

English Channel Tunnel: A thirty-one mile long tunnel, the English Channel Tunnel , the 2nd longest tunnel currently contains the longest portion of any tunnel housed under the sea. ASCE named it 7th wonder of modern world.

Burj Khalifa: Interestingly enough, one of the biggest setbacks to face the construction of the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building (2717 ft), was one hundred and sixty kilometer per hour winds that required special testing to determine the safety of the construction material. It has 163 floors covering an area of 3.3 million feet square.

Qingdao Haiwan Bridge: It is currently the longest bridge in the world, took 4 years and 10,000 workers and was specially designed with 450,000 tons of steelto withstand earthquakes and typhoons.

How much does a civil engineer make

“Experience counts”. If you have given your services for more than five years and are knowledgeable enough, you can earn  good according to the services you provide. Generally Civil Engineers earn from £30,000 – £100,000 per year according to ICE (Institution of Civil Engineers Salary Survey 2013) depending upon the experience and field projects you worked in. Moreover “Location affects earning”.

Why someone should become civil engineer?

The main factor while choosing a field mainly depends upon some one inclination towards some thing. If you feel yourself attracted toward long beautiful building, designing and have a creative mind then you should think to choose civil engineering as your profession. After reading what do civil engineers do, you can get an idea about your interest. 

The choice of civil engineering results in good because of the vast sectors and fields to work within. Working as a civil engineer, you have the choice to work within a wide range of sectors. As you can choose between structural engineer, constructional engineer, environmental engineer, earthquake engineer, coastal engineer, transportation engineer, geotechnical engineer, forensic engineer, control engineer, water resources engineer, materials engineer, wastewater engineer, architectural engineer and many more. By choosing any kind of subdivision they can make a difference to people’s living standards.


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What, Why, How all about civil engineering. Jobs and Scope


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