I. Choose the best answer:-
1. The first session of the constituent Assembly was presided Dr.S.P.Sinha.
2. Our Constitution came into existence on 26th Jan 1950.
3. The preamble declares India as a ______ country. Democratic.
4. The people of India are given complete authority by the Indian Constitution.
5. In a parliamentary system, the executive is collectively responsible to the Legislature.
II. FILL IN THE BLANKS:-
The first president of Indian was Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
2. The chief architect of the Indian Constitution was Dr.BR.Ambedkar.
3. An introduction to our constitution is found in the Preamble.
4. A secular state does not have a religion of its own.
5. Directive principles aim at the establishment of the welfare state.
III. MATCH IT:-
1. Constituent Assembly — 9th Dec 1946
2. Drafting committee —- 29th Aug 1947
3. Dr.B.R.Ambedkar —- Chairman of committee
4. Republic day —- 26th Jan 1950
5. Right against exploitation — Prohibition of forced labour.
IV. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING:-
1. Write a note eon B.R. Ambedkar
The Drafting committee was consisted on 29th Aug 1947 under the chairmanship of Dr.B.R.Ambedkar.
He was a brilliant constitutional expert and chief architect of Indian constitution.
2. What does the preamble declare our country to be?
The preamble declares India as a Sovereign, Socialists, Secular, democratic Republic.
Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity are the objectives of the constitution.
3. Why do we say India is a secular state?.
· In a secular state, the people are not discrimination on the basis of religion.
· All citizens enjoy freedom of worship.
· The state does not have a religion of its own.
· All religions in our country have the same status and support from the state.
4. What is meant by constitutional Remedies?
Right to constitutional remedies enables the citizen to approach the Supreme Court directly when there is violation of fundamental rights.
5. What does universal; Adult franchise mean?
The constitution of India has introduced Universal Adult Franchise.
All the citizens above the age of 18 years irrespective of their caste, color, religion, sex, literacy, wealth etc. are entitled to participate in elections.
V. ANSWER IN DETAIL:-
1. What does popular sovereignty mean?
v The constitution gives complete authority to the people of India.
v The popular sovereignty or complete authority of the people is reaffirmed in several places in the constitution, particularly in the chapter election.
v The central and state governments derive their authority from the people.
v They are ultimately responsible to the people through the legislature.
v Hence, people are sovereign.
v This is the principle of popular sovereignty.
2. Write in detail on the fundamental rights guaranteed to a citizen.
Right to equality:
All are equal before law.
Right to freedom:
Freedom of speech and expression, right to life, personal liberty etc.
Rights to freedom of Religion:
It guaranteed the citizen freedom to follow any religion.
Cultural and Educational right:
It gives rights to all citizens to reserve their language, script and culture.
Rights to constitutional Remedies:
This enables the citizen to approach the Supreme Court directly when there is violation of
3. What are the fundamental duties? Mention any 5 of them.
v The Indian constitution contains certain duties to be performed by all the citizens of India.
v These duties are called such as fundamental duties.
v To abide by the constitution and its ideals, to respect the
v National flag, the National anthem etc.
v To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
v To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood.
v To value and preserve the rich heritage of our culture.
v To strive towards Excellence in all spheres.
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