Side effects of a hair transplant
More and more people are turning to surgery in search of a solution to the problems of hair loss , not only to rejuvenate their image, but also to eliminate the consequences of certain diseases such as cancer or lupus . The hair transplant with micrografts is a surgical technique that involves moving follicles a populated area scalp and neck, another alopécica, placing them under the skin with small incisions.
Although it is a minimally invasive surgery that is performed under local anesthesia and does not require hospital admission , there are a number of side effects that can occur, especially if the necessary measures are not taken to control the healing process and prevent infections. Ramón Flórez Basany, capillary surgeon of the CFS Barcelona clinic, explains that one of the most common side effects are facial edema , which occurs in four or five percent of cases. If they appear, “the patient should know that it is not an inflammation or a bruise. They go alone in a maximum of 48 hours and do not leave any kind of sequel, “explains the expert.
The loss of sensitivity above the scar area may be another consequence of this type of intervention. Its incidence is residual and disappears naturally in three or four weeks, according to Flórez. “It is also rare that the scar is bad , but it can happen,” warns the specialist, especially if hygiene is not taken care of or there is a health problem ( diabetes , etc.) that advises extreme precautions in the healing process. “When the scar is not well, you can correct it and get it to be perfect,” adds the expert.
Finally, a Hair transplant can lead to an infection . “The area of the neck is one of the cleanest in the body, it is well irrigated. The surgical cut is performed under sterile conditions and the patient also takes antibiotics for six days, so it is extremely difficult to get an infection, but whenever you cut the skin there is that risk, “explains the expert.
After a Hair Transplant, the patient needs a medical recovery of about 24 hours, although the cosmetic is somewhat longer, around a week. As Sergio Vañó, dermatologist and coordinator of the Reconstructive Hair Transplant Unit of the Ramón y Cajal Hospital in Madrid, explains, “the area where the follicles are implanted presents small crusts. During this period, rubbing or friction must be avoided and in some cases hair growth stimulants could be applied . ”
The transplanted root will be the one that produces the final hair, which will not start to be seen until four or five months have passed . “The final cosmetic result will be seen every year, it is slow due to the hair’s own biology,” explains the specialist.
Benefits for the patient
Hair surgery is an alternative for all those people who want to recover the capillary density lost by the passage of time or who suffer scarring alopecia as a result of certain systemic pathologies or oncological interventions. In these cases, hair transplantation has a very positive effect on the quality of life of the patient , improving their self-esteem and their ability to integrate emotionally and socially, as explained by Vañó.
The unit that coordinates this specialist has made, for example, an intervention to a 64-year-old woman with lupus who had scarring alopecia in 30 percent of the scalp. The transplant has allowed her to improve not only the aesthetic part but also the psychological affectation caused by the scars, allowing her to stop using a wig . Another case is that of a 67-year-old patient whose skin cancer and subsequent surgical reconstruction with a graft caused the loss of an eyebrow. “We have reconstructed the eyebrow and the patient already has a better quality of life”, illustrates Vañó.
According to the expert, “there is still a lack of research on the impact of hair transplantation in certain alopecia or analyze the percentage of hair survival.” In addition, to date there is no analysis on what is the right time to perform the graft and what complementary treatments may be appropriate.
In search of naturalness
The capillary micrografting involves the transfer of the follicles from a donor area (with good capillary density, such as the nape of the neck) to the area that presents baldness. The hair is extracted one by one and implanted in the same way in the receiving area with the aim of achieving a natural effect, far from that obtained with the first techniques, which had the appearance of wrist hairs or groups of hairs ” , says Vañó.
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