High Blood Pressure or hypertension has become a disease that is common to many people today, especially for those living in urban areas. High blood pressure or hypertension is a risk factor for stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure. And the worst consequences of this disease is death. Therefore, if you can, this disease should be prevented. If you have high blood pressure, you can control the disease. How to prevent and control high blood pressure or hypertension?
Before discussing about high blood pressure or hypertension, you should know in advance about the blood pressure. When you perform a physical examination or clinical examination to the doctor, there is usually a special tool used by doctors to check blood pressure. Tools to check blood pressure called sphigmomanometer or also known as tensimeter. There is a digital sphygmomanometer and there is also a mercury sphygmomanometer is still commonly used for clinical examination.
Your doctor will check your blood pressure by having to sit or lie down, because it was the best position to measure blood pressure. Then the doctor will usually bind the air bag on his right arm on the arm unless there is an injury. After that, measurement of blood pressure. The difference between systolic and diastolic pressure is called pulse pressure.
What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure experienced blood in the arteries when blood is pumped by the heart to all members of the human body. Blood pressure created by taking two sizes and usually there are two numbers that will be called by the doctor. For example doctors call 140-90, then the meaning is 140/90 mmHg. The first number (140) indicates the upward pressure of the arteries due to the heart beat or when the heart beat or beats, and is called the systolic pressure, or pressure is often called upon. The second number (90) shows the pressure when the heart is resting between pumping, and is called the diastolic pressure, or often also referred under pressure.
Once you know your blood pressure, you definitely want to know if your blood pressure is low, normal or high.
Why Blood Pressure Rises?
What causes blood pressure to rise? As an illustration, if you're watering the garden with a hose. If you press the end of the hose, the water that comes out will be faster. That's because the water pressure increases when the hose is pressed. Additionally, if you zoom in tap water, the flow of water through the hose will be faster because of increased water discharge.
The same thing happens with your blood. If your blood vessels constrict, the blood pressure in the blood vessels will increase. Additionally, if the amount of blood flow increases, blood pressure will also increase.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
There are several things that can cause a person has high blood pressure. There are factors that cause high blood pressure that you can not control. There is also that you can control so that it can cope with high blood pressure. Some of these factors include:
This factor can not you control. If someone has a parent or sibling who has high blood pressure, then it is likely he suffered from high blood pressure is greater. Statistics show that the problem of high blood pressure is higher in identical twins than identical twins. A research shows that there is evidence derived genes for high blood pressure problems.
This factor can not you control. Research shows that as a person's age increases, blood pressure will rise. You can not expect that your blood pressure will be the same as a young man when you get older. But you can control so as not to pass through the normal upper limit.
These factors can you control. Salt can increase blood pressure quickly in some people, especially for diabetics, people with mild hypertension, people with old age.
These factors can you control. Excess fat content in your blood, it can lead to the accumulation of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels. It can make blood vessels constrict and consequently the blood pressure will rise. Control your cholesterol as early as possible.
Obesity / Overweight
These factors can you control. People who weigh over 30 percent ideal body weight, are more likely to suffer from high blood pressure.
These factors can you control. Stress and emotionally unstable conditions can also trigger high blood pressure.
These factors can you control. Smoking can also increase blood pressure to be high. Smoking habits may increase the risk of diabetes, heart attack and stroke. Therefore, smoking habit that continued when having high blood pressure, is a very dangerous combination that will trigger diseases related to heart and blood.
These factors can you control. Caffeine is found in coffee, tea and colas can cause increased blood pressure.
These factors can you control. Excessive alcohol consumption also causes high blood pressure.
These factors can you control. Lack of exercise and movement can cause the blood pressure in the body increases. Regular exercise can lower your high blood pressure but do not do heavy exercise if you suffer from high blood pressure.
Preventing and Overcoming High Blood Pressure
To prevent high blood pressure for those who still have normal blood pressure or high blood for those who already have high blood pressure, then the following practical suggestions you can do:
- Reduce consumption of salt in your food. If you are already suffering from high blood pressure should avoid foods that contain salt.
- Consumption of foods containing potassium, magnesium and calcium. Potassium, magnesium and calcium can reduce high blood pressure.
- Reduce drinking alcoholic beverages or food. If you suffer from high blood pressure, should avoid excessive alcohol consumption. For men who suffer from hypertension, the amount of alcohol is permitted a maximum of 30 ml of alcohol per day while women 15 ml per day.
- Regular exercise can reduce high blood pressure. If you suffer from high blood pressure, choose light exercise such as walking, cycling, running relaxed, and swimming. Do it for 30 to 45 minutes a day 3 times a week.
- Eat vegetables and fruits that are high in fiber such as green vegetables, bananas, tomatoes, carrots, melons, and oranges.
- Run anti-stress therapy to reduce stress and you are able to control your emotions.
- Quitting smoking also contribute to reduce high blood pressure or hypertension.
- Take control of your cholesterol levels.
- Take control of your diabetes.
- Avoid drugs that can increase blood pressure. Consult your doctor if you are receiving treatment for certain diseases, to ask for drugs that do not increase blood pressure.
High Blood Pressure can be Controlled
High blood pressure or hypertension is not a disease that can not be eliminated. You can control and prevent high blood pressure.