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Sword Beach
2024-05-24 09:00
Sword Beach was the easternmost beach of the Allied D-Day Normandy landings of 6 June 1944. The 3rd British Infantry Division was given the task of taking the beach while paratroopers and Ro… Read More
Wihio Tales
2024-05-23 16:00
Wihio tales are the Cheyenne legends featuring the trickster figure Wihio, who appears, variously, as a wise man, fool, villain, or hero and is associated with the spider. Wihio Tales contin… Read More
Valley Forge
2024-05-23 09:00
Valley Forge was the winter encampment of the Continental Army from 19 December 1777 until 18 June 1778, during one of the most difficult winters of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783… Read More
D-Day
2024-05-22 15:53
D-Day was the first day of Operation Overlord, the Allied attack on German-occupied Western Europe, which began on the beaches of Normandy, France, on 6 June 1944. Primarily US, British, and… Read More
Qilin (Chinese Unicorn)
2024-05-22 09:00
The qilin (, or simply lin ) is a Chinese mythical creature, frequently translated as "Chinese unicorn." While this term may suggest a one-horned creature, the qilin is often depicted with t… Read More
Cheyenne Afterlife
2024-05-21 16:00
The Cheyenne afterlife is envisioned as a continuation of life on earth. The spirit leaves the body and travels the long road of the Milky Way to arrive at a village very like what one has a… Read More
The Wonderful Sack
2024-05-21 09:00
The Wonderful Sack is a legend of the Cheyenne nation and one of the Wihio tales, featuring the trickster figure Wihio, similar to the Lakota Sioux character Iktomi (also known as Unktomi) o… Read More
A Story Of Faith
2024-05-20 16:00
A Story of Faith is a legend of the Pawnee nation similar in theme to The Boy Who Was Sacrificed and featuring the same sacred animals the Nahu'rac who serve Ti-ra'wa ("Father Above") from… Read More
Little Wolf (Eastman's Biography)
2024-05-17 16:01
Little Wolf (Ohcumgache, also known as Little Coyote, l. c. 1820-1904) was a Northern Cheyenne chief and holy man, best known for his role in the Northern Cheyenne Exodus of 1878 but also re… Read More
Roman Students In Athens
2024-05-16 09:00
Training in oratory was a crucial part of Roman education; it was associated with a young boy's transition into adult life. As Athens was considered the intellectual centre of the eastern Me… Read More
Wihio And Coyote
2024-05-15 16:00
Wihio and Coyote is a tale of the Cheyenne nation featuring the trickster figure Wihio in the dual role of villain and victim. The trickster figure appears in the stories of many different N… Read More
Capture Of Fort Ticonderoga
2024-05-15 09:00
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga (10 May 1775) was a military operation that occurred early in the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). A small colonial expedition jointly led by Benedict… Read More
Women In The American Revolution
2024-05-14 16:00
In Colonial America, women were discouraged from taking an interest in politics and were instead expected to focus only on traditionally 'feminine' matters, such as homemaking and childreari… Read More
Great Sioux War
2024-05-13 16:00
The Great Sioux War (also given as the Black Hills War, 1876-1877) was a military conflict between the allied forces of the Lakota Sioux/Northern Cheyenne and the US government over the terr… Read More
Battle Of Britain
2024-05-08 09:01
The Battle of Britain, dated 10 July to 31 October by the UK Air Ministry, was an air battle between the German Luftwaffe and British Royal Air Force and allies during the Second World War (… Read More
Battle Of Guilford Court House
2024-05-06 16:00
The Battle of Guilford Court House (15 March 1781) was one of the last major engagements of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Fought near Greensboro, North Carolina, it was a pyrrh… Read More
Junkers Ju 88
2024-05-06 09:00
The Junkers Ju 88 was a two-engined medium bomber plane used by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) throughout the Second World War (1939-45). Ju 88s were involved in the Battle of Britain and… Read More
Iktomi Tales
2024-05-02 16:00
Iktomi (also known as Unktomi) is a trickster figure of the lore of the Lakota Sioux nation similar to tricksters of other nations, such as Wihio of the Cheyenne, Nanabozho (Manabozho) of th… Read More
Heinkel He 111
2024-05-02 09:02
The Heinkel He 111 was a medium two-engined bomber plane used by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) during the Second World War (1939-45). Heinkel He 111s contributed significantly to such cam… Read More
Louis I De Bourbon, Prince Of Cond
2024-05-01 09:00
Louis I de Bourbon (l. 1530-1569) was a descendant of Louis IX of France (r. 1226-1270) and founder of the House of Cond. The Prince of Cond proved his valor as a Huguenot military leader du… Read More
Eastman's Biography Of Red Cloud
2024-04-30 16:00
Eastman's biography of Red Cloud (l. 1822-1909) is the first narrative of his Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains (1916), and it sets the tone for those that follow, including the pieces on S… Read More
Dowding System
2024-04-30 09:00
Britain's integrated air defence system in the Second World War (1939-45), known as the Dowding System after the air chief marshal of that name, included code-breakers, radar stations, obser… Read More
Charles A. Eastman On Crazy Horse
2024-04-29 16:00
Charles A. Eastman's biography of Crazy Horse (l. c. 1840-1877) is among the most significant sources on the great Sioux war chief, as Eastman drew on accounts of those who had known and fou… Read More
Dunkirk Evacuation
2024-04-29 08:59
The Dunkirk Evacuation of 26 May to 4 June 1940, known as Operation Dynamo, was the attempt to save the British Expeditionary Force in France from total defeat by an advancing German army. N… Read More
White Plume
2024-04-28 16:00
White Plume is a hero tale of the Sioux nation featuring the supernatural trickster figure Unktomi (Iktomi) who serves as a catalyst for transformation, whether for good or ill. In this stor… Read More
Battle Of Cowpens
2024-04-24 16:00
The Battle of Cowpens (17 January 1781) was a decisive battle in the southern theater of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). It saw a detachment of Continental soldiers and Patriot m… Read More
Charles A. Eastman On Sitting Bull
2024-04-23 16:00
In his Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains (1916), Sioux author and physician Charles A. Eastman (also known as Ohiyesa, l. 1858-1939), includes a brief biography of the Sioux chief Sitting B… Read More
Sitting Bull
2024-04-22 16:04
Sitting Bull (Tatanka Iyotanka, l. c. 1837-1890) was a Hunkpapa Sioux holy man, warrior, leader, and symbol of traditional Sioux values and resistance to the United States' expansionist poli… Read More
Anton Bruckner
2024-04-19 09:00
Anton Bruckner (1824-1896) was an Austrian composer, most famous for his nine grand symphonies and his church music. Never quite gaining full recognition for his work until he was in his six… Read More
Battle Of Kings Mountain
2024-04-18 15:59
The Battle of Kings Mountain (7 October 1780) was a significant battle of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), fought in the backcountry of South Carolina between large parties of Pat… Read More
Allied Bombing Of Germany
2024-04-18 09:03
The Allied strategic bombing of Germany during World War II (1939-45) had multiple aims, which included destroying Germany's capacity to produce weapons; disrupting transport networks and su… Read More
Sioux War Chief Gall (Eastman's Biography)
2024-04-17 16:04
Gall (Phizi, l. c. 1840-1894) was a Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux war chief best known for his participation in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in June 1876. He was a close associate of Red Cloud (… Read More
Pezhetairoi
2024-04-17 09:03
The pezhetairoi (foot companions) were part of the imposing army that accompanied the Macedonian commander Alexander the Great (r. 336-323 BCE) when he crossed the Hellespont to face the Per… Read More
Battle Of Camden
2024-04-16 15:49
The Battle of Camden (16 August 1780) was a major battle of the southern theater of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). It saw a British army under Lord Charles Cornwallis decisively… Read More
Childbirth In Ancient Rome
2024-04-16 08:52
Childbirth in ancient Rome was considered the main purpose of marriage. Roman girls married in their early teens, and in elite society, some married before they reached puberty. The legal ag… Read More
Battle Of Waxhaws
2024-04-15 16:00
The Battle of Waxhaws (29 May 1780) was a small engagement during the southern theater of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) that nevertheless had a significant psychological impact… Read More
Battle Of The Ruhr
2024-04-15 09:00
The Battle of the Ruhr or the Ruhr Air Offensive (March-July 1943) was a sustained bombing campaign by the British and the United States air forces against the industrial heartland of German… Read More
The Bear Man
2024-04-12 09:00
The Bear Man is a Pawnee legend exemplifying the Native American understanding of the natural world and serving as an origin tale for the Bear Dance, which was performed to awaken the bears… Read More
The Boy Who Was Sacrificed
2024-04-11 16:00
The Boy Who Was Sacrificed is a legend of the Pawnee nation highlighting the belief that everything happens for a reason according to the will of Ti-ra'wa ("Father Above"), the supreme creat… Read More
The Bombing Of Berlin
2024-04-11 09:00
The bombing of Berlin, aka the Berlin Air Offensive or Battle of Berlin (Air), was a sustained bombing campaign on the German capital by the British Royal Air Force and United States Air For… Read More
Twelve Famous Native American Women
2024-04-10 16:00
Native American women are traditionally held in high regard among the diverse nations, whether a given people are matrilineal or patrilineal. Traditionally, women were not only responsible f… Read More
Weapons In The American Revolution
2024-04-10 09:00
The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) was a long and bitter conflict fought between Great Britain and its thirteen North American colonies over the Americans' liberties and, eventually… Read More
The Schweinfurt-Regensburg Raids
2024-04-09 09:00
The Schweinfurt-Regensburg raids in Germany were a series of attacks by B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator bombers of the United States Air Force in August and October 1943 during the S… Read More
John Hancock
2024-04-08 16:00
John Hancock (1737-1793) was a merchant, politician, and Founding Father of the United States, who helped lead the Patriot movement during the American Revolution (1765-1789). He served as p… Read More
2024-04-08 09:00
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress was a four-engined heavy bomber plane used by the air forces of the United States and Britain during the Second World War (1939-45). The B-17 had unusually he… Read More
Chteau De Chenonceau
2024-04-05 09:00
The Chteau de Chenonceau, picturesquely located astride the river Cher, in the Loire Valley town of Chenonceaux, France is a magnificent Renaissance-style building also known as le "Chteau d… Read More
Daniel Morgan
2024-04-04 16:00
Daniel Morgan (l. c. 1735-1802) was an American frontiersman and soldier, most famous for leading a corps of riflemen during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). He rose to the rank o… Read More
The Bombing Of Dresden In 1945
2024-04-04 09:00
The bomber raid on Dresden was a controversial and highly destructive combined operation by Royal Air Force Lancaster bombers and United States Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress bombers on 13… Read More
Declaration Of Independence
2024-04-03 16:00
The Declaration of Independence is the foundational document of the United States of America. Written primarily by Thomas Jefferson, it explains why the Thirteen Colonies decided to separate… Read More
Hawker Hurricane
2024-04-03 09:00
The Hawker Hurricane was a single-seat fighter plane, Britain's first monoplane, which fought in the Battle of Britain in the summer of 1940. Slower but more numerous than the Supermarine Sp… Read More
Mercy Otis Warren
2024-04-02 15:57
Mercy Otis Warren (1728-1814) was an American poet, playwright, and activist during the era of the American Revolution (1765-1789). Through her works of political satire, she advocated for t… Read More
Claude Brousson
2024-03-29 10:00
Claude Brousson (l. 1647-1698) was a prolific writer and famous preacher after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 when Protestantism was outlawed in France. He self-exiled to Laus… Read More
The Thousand-bomber Raid On Cologne In 1942
2024-03-28 10:00
Cologne (Kln) was the first German city to experience a "1,000-bomber raid" by the Royal Air Force during the Second World War (1939-45). The attack took place on the night of 30 May 1942 an… Read More
Siege Of Charleston
2024-03-27 17:00
The Siege of Charleston (29 March to 12 May 1780) was a major military operation during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Hoping to establish a foothold in the American South, Brit… Read More
Praetor
2024-03-27 10:00
A praetor was a senior magistrate in ancient Roman government, who was granted executive or imperium powers similar to that of the consuls. Although originally assigned legal authority over… Read More
Siege Of Savannah
2024-03-26 17:00
The Siege of Savannah (16 September to 20 October 1779) was a significant engagement in the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Hoping to retake Savannah, Georgia, which had fallen to th… Read More
The Causes Of WWII
2024-03-26 10:00
The origins of the Second World War (1939-45) may be traced back to the harsh peace settlement of the First World War (1914-18) and the economic crisis of the 1930s, while more immediate cau… Read More
Battle Of Rhode Island
2024-03-25 17:00
The Battle of Rhode Island (29 August 1778), also known as the Siege of Newport or the Battle of Quaker Hill, was fought during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). It marked the firs… Read More
Messerschmitt Bf 109
2024-03-22 11:27
The Messerschmitt Bf 109, also known as the Me 109, was Germany's most important single-seater fighter plane throughout the Second World War (1939-45). Produced in greater numbers than any o… Read More
Roman Nose (Cheyenne Warrior)
2024-03-20 17:00
Roman Nose (Woqini, "Hook Nose", l. c. 1830-1868) was a Northern Cheyenne warrior known for his courage in battle, who became so famous among white settlers and the US military that they bel… Read More
Operation Gomorrah
2024-03-20 10:03
Operation Gomorrah (aka the Battle of Hamburg or Hamburg Air Offensive) was a sustained area bombing campaign of the German port of Hamburg in four night attacks by the Royal Air Force and t… Read More
Battle Of Monmouth
2024-03-19 17:07
The Battle of Monmouth (28 June 1778), or the Battle of Monmouth Court House, was the last battle of the Philadelphia Campaign during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). After abando… Read More
The History Of Japanese Green Tea
2024-03-19 10:00
The history of green tea in Japan goes back to the 8th century when it was a popular stimulant for meditating monks. In this article, we examine tea's origins and cultivation, how it became… Read More
Supermarine Spitfire
2024-03-18 10:03
The Supermarine Spitfire was a single-seater fighter plane, one of the most important aircraft of the Second World War (1939-45). Employed by the Royal Air Force in such crucial encounters a… Read More
Philadelphia Campaign
2024-03-15 10:00
The Philadelphia Campaign (July 1777 to June 1778) was a major military operation during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), in which a British army under Sir William Howe attempted… Read More
The Bound Children
2024-03-14 17:00
The Bound Children is a Sioux legend highlighting the importance of proper behavior, not only among family members but within one's community. The widow, who does not properly care for her c… Read More
Conway Cabal
2024-03-13 17:00
The Conway Cabal was a movement undertaken by American military officers and political leaders to remove General George Washington from command of the Continental Army during the winter of 1… Read More
Operation Chastise
2024-03-13 10:52
Operation Chastise, the 'Dambusters' raid, was an attack by a squadron of RAF Lancaster bombers on the dams of the Ruhr basin in Germany in May 1943. Led by Squadron Leader Guy Gibson, the b… Read More
Crazy Horse
2024-03-12 17:04
Crazy Horse (Tasunke Witko, l. c. 1840-1877) was an Oglala Lakota Sioux warrior and warband leader considered among the greatest defenders of Sioux lands against the forces of the US governm… Read More
Lancaster Bomber
2024-03-11 17:00
The Avro 683 Lancaster bomber was a four-engine heavy bomber flown by the Royal Air Force and allies during the Second World War (1939-45). Lancasters were particularly used in nighttime bom… Read More
Wreck Of The Batavia
2024-03-11 10:00
The Batavia was a Dutch East India Company ship that foundered on the coral reefs of the Houtman Albrolhos Islands, 60 kilometres (37 mi) off the coast of Western Australia, just before dawn… Read More
Battleship Bismarck
2024-03-08 10:00
The Bismarck was a German battleship, the largest and most powerful capital ship in the Kriegsmarine. For all its weaponry and armour, the ship was involved in only one major operation which… Read More
Henry Laurens
2024-03-07 17:00
Henry Laurens (1724-1792) was an American statesman from South Carolina who played an important role in the politics of the American Revolution (1765-1789). He served as president of the Sec… Read More
Childhood In Ancient Rome
2024-03-07 10:10
Freeborn Roman children, ingenuiae, born of Roman citizen parents lived a life that was dictated by the level of society into which they were born; a day in the life of a child from the lowe… Read More
How The Rabbit Lost His Tail
2024-03-06 17:00
How the Rabbit Lost His Tail is a Sioux legend, part origin myth and part didactic tale, explaining why the rabbit looks as it does, why the owl is a night bird, and how one should treat a m… Read More
Richard Henry Lee
2024-03-06 10:01
Richard Henry Lee (1732-1794) was an American politician from Virginia, who played a significant role in the American Revolution (1765-1789), particularly in the push for independence. A mem… Read More
Igor Stravinsky
2024-03-05 10:03
Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) was a Russian composer best known for his works for the stage, such as the ballets The Firebird, Petrushka, and the groundbreaking The Rite of Spring. The moderni… Read More
Black Elk On Crazy Horse
2024-03-04 21:24
Black Elk Speaks (1932) is the popular and controversial book of the narrative by the Oglala Lakota Sioux medicine man Black Elk (l. 1863-1950) on his life and people as given to the America… Read More
Second Continental Congress
2024-03-01 10:07
The Second Continental Congress was the body of delegates that governed the Thirteen Colonies and, later, the United States during the American Revolutionary War. Between its first session i… Read More
The Enlightenment
2024-02-29 10:01
The Enlightenment (Age of Reason) was a revolution in thought in Europe and North America from the late 17th century to the late 18th century. The Enlightenment involved new approaches in ph… Read More
Poppaea Sabina
2024-02-28 16:53
Poppaea Sabina (30-65 CE) was the wife of Praetorian prefect Rufrius Crispinius and then Marcus Salvius Otho (r. 69 CE) before she became the second wife of Roman emperor Nero (r. 54-68 CE)… Read More
William Howe
2024-02-27 17:00
Sir William Howe (1729-1814) was a British military officer and politician, most notable for his role as commander-in-chief of the British army during the initial years of the American Revol… Read More

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