What Does bright red blood mean?
A Bright Red period Blood is perfectly normal and it means a fresh blood has just been shed and expelled quickly from your uterus. This is common at the beginning of your period (the first 2-3 days) and it gets darker as you approach the end of your menstruation.
Whereas a brown menstrual blood means older blood that was expelled at a slower rate from your body.
You shouldn't be worried as long as it contains no large blood clot, and the bleeding only last for 3-7 days.
Normal Causes Bright Red Period?
1. It is the First few Days of your Period
The uterus lining contains blood and tissues that is shed and expelled during menstruation. As the blood is been shed it passes through the cervix into the vagina.
In the first 1 -3 days, the newly shed blood is expelled from the uterus into the vagina quickly keeping the vibrant red color of the blood intact.
If your flow is heavy, this process may happen slower, and the blood stays longer in the uterus waiting to be expelled. The waiting, turns the blood into a brown or darker color before it's passed out into the vagina.
The consistency, color and texture of your period blood changes from on menstrual cycle to the other. Sometimes it could be bright red, orange or dark brown. The flow could heavy, moderate, light, thin or watery.
2. You have a light flow
If the consistency of your period is light throughout the duration of your period it will be expelled at a normal and steady rate. The color of your blood remains light red from the start to the end of your period.
3. Implantation Bleeding
Brown spotting around the time of your expected period can be a sign of implantation which means you are pregnant.
Implantation usually happens about 6-12 days after ovulation. During implantation, the fertilised egg burrows the the endometrium (lining of the uterus) and attaches itself to the walls of the uterus.
A little spot of blood with no clot is shed known as implantation spotting or bleeding. The color can range from light pink to dark brown.
In rare cases implantation bleeding can appear as a bright red spotting before your period.
On and off bleeding caused by implantation usually last for 1-2 days. And it remains a very light and scanty discharge throughout the duration.
Wait a few days after the light bleeding is over to take a home pregnancy test.
3. You have a healthy Period
You have a normal period and sufficient iron levels. A healthy period looks like a cranberry juice.
Different types of period blood colors
Bright red: This is common at the start of your cycle and it is the healthiest type of menstruation blood. It signifies all is well and fine with you.
Dark red : This means the blood is older and no longer new because it was let out let from the uterus late. This is common in the morning after a long night sleep.
Brown or Dark brown : This means very old blood that has been in the uterus for a long time. Most women notice brown blood at the end of period.
Black period blood : means the oldest blood that has gone from brown to black. This can also be caused by endometriosis.
Light pink blood : means you are spotting. Which can be due to implantation or iron deficiency(anaemia).
Orange blood : When a bright colored blood mixes with your cervical mucus the blood turns orange. It could also be a sign of an infection.
Abnormal causes bright Red Spotting
1. Hormonal Imbalance
The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones (estrogen and progesterone). An imbalance between this two can change the color of your menstrual blood and even affect the flow.
Hormonal imbalance could happen due to stress, poor or unhealthy diet, lifestyle changes.
A bright red blood with large clots or grey tissues that is accompanied by severe cramps can be a sign of a miscarriage.
A miscarriage is a life threatening situation, call or see a medical doctor immediately.
3. Ruptured Ovarian Cyst
An ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac that grows on or within the ovaries. They are very common and most women don't know they have it.
They also disappear most times without the need for a surgery or treatment.
A ruptured ovarian cysts can cause a bright red bleeding and it is a life threatening situation.
The symptoms of a ruptured cyst are:
- Vaginal bleeding that is bright red in color
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain during sex
Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumours that grow in the walls of the uterus.
Any growth on the walls of the uterus can lead to abnormal vaginal bleeding.
5. Yeast infection
Vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that is caused by a fungus called candida alblican.
Some women notice a bright red spots of blood on tissue when they wipe if they have thrush.
Yeast infection causes, redness, itchiness of the vaginal opening which can lead to a slight bleeding.
The use of Intrauterine devices (IUD) such as mirena to prevent pregnancy can cause light red spotting. Especially in the first few days or weeks after insertion.
7. birth control Pills
Birth control pills such as nexplanon, mini pill are methods used to prevent unwanted pregnancies.
One of the side effects when on the pill is spotting and bleeding between periods.
See a doctor if this continues after the first three months.
In conclusion, a bright red blood during menstruation is normal and nothing to worry about. But if it is accompanied by big clots with cramps see your gynaecologist.
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