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Industrial Wastewater Treatment And Its Benefits

By Jennifer Parker


Water Treatment process is usually divided into various stages. This is done with intention improving the quality of output. In preliminary stage, large filtering screens are used to ensure large solid materials are removed. Items removed during this stage include; papers, metals, plastics, silt and grit. Second stage in Industrial Wastewater Treatment plant is primary stage. During this stage, organic materials are removed by passing waste water through sedimentation tank (primary). Wastes are removed using both biological and physical processes.

Secondary sedimentation tanks occur within second stage. They actually mark the end of this stage. Biomass settles within secondary sedimentation tanks to form sludge. This means clear water is left on upper side of sedimentation tank. Clear water passes to third stage, which is usually known as tertiary stage. Here, chemicals are used to kill pathogens suspected to be in clear water. If water is to come into contact with individuals, the third stage is redone severally.

After water treatment, uncountable benefits are realized. Other than production of fresh water that is safe for humans to use, there are also other benefits are realized. This procedure is beneficial because it impacts lives of people positively. More benefits are acquired in case procedure is carried out appropriately. On the other hand, number of benefits decline drastically, if wrong techniques are used. Some of benefits are discussed below.

Wastewater treatment process helps in reducing quantities of waste materials produced in the country. Some of solids, which are considered as wastes are collected and converted into usable materials. This does not only play an important role in creating a healthy environment, but also in making it a good and comfortable place for people to live in. There are a lot of negative effects, which are brought about by environmental pollution. This type of process minimizes chances of such effects from occurring by preventing environmental pollution.

It helps in reduction of water pollution by removing both organic and inorganic solids, which pollutes water. This is not only good for the health of people, but also for aquatic animals. Treating water plays an essential role in reducing amount of money spent by government in rehabilitating the environment as a method of controlling pollution. In general terms, this kind of process is beneficial in improving and upgrading lives of people.

Substances trapped within primary and secondary sedimentation tanks form sludge. It is important to understand that these substances are usually small organic solids. This means they are biodegradable. Sludge can help in production of energy. This is only achievable if treatment of biodegradable material is done within an enclosed area using anaerobic bacteria. Methane gas released by the bacteria can be used to produce energy like electricity.

Other than production of energy, sludge can also be used to make fertilizer, in case appropriate techniques are followed. During initial stages of energy production, sludge is dried using drying lagoons. This leads to formation of fertilizers, which can be used in farms to add fertility into the soil.

Water treatment also plays an important role in ensuring people live healthy life. This enables them to work hard with minimal challenges hence improving their life standards. Most importantly, when there are fewer diseases, it means there are fewer deaths. This leads to increased labor force hence improvement in economy of a company.




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