GREAT HIMALAYAN NATINONAL PARK
GREAT HIMALAYAN NATIONAL PARK
The Great mountain range parkland (GHNP), is one amongst India's national parks, is found in Kullu region within the state of Himachal Pradesh. The park was established in one984 and is meet a locality of 1,171 km2 at associate altitude of between 1500 and 6000 m. the nice mountain range parkland could be a environment to varied flora and over 375 fauna species, together with roughly thirty one mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, nine amphibians, eleven annelids, seventeen mollusks and 127 insects. they're protected beneath the strict pointers of the life Protection Act of 1972; thus any variety of searching isn't allowable.In Gregorian calendar month 2014, the nice mountain range parkland was another to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. The UNESCO World Heritage web site Committee granted the standing to the park beneath the standards of "outstanding significance for variety conservation".
The GHNP is at the junction of world's 2 major faunal regions: the oriental to the south and palaearctic to the north. The temperate forest flora-fauna of GHNP represents the west extension of the Sino-Japanese Region. The high altitude scheme of the Northwest Himalaya has common plant parts with the adjacent Western and Central Asiatic region. As a results of its four,100 m elevation vary the park features a diversity of zones with their representative flora and fauna, like alpine, glacial, temperate, and sub tropical forests.These biological science parts square measure results of earth science evolution of Himalaya that continues nowadays from the action of tectonics and geological phenomenon. Over a hundred million years agone, the Indian sub-continent stony-broke removed from the big, southern solid ground, Gondwanaland and touched north.
It eventually slammed into the northern land mass, Laurasia, and shaped the large folded-up mountains of the Himalaya. owing to this union of Gondwanaland and Asiatic landmasses, exchange of flora and fauna was doable and this ultimately LED to the distinctive biological science options within the region. the nice mountain range parkland is home to over 375 faunal species. to date species of thirty one mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, nine amphibians, eleven annelids, seventeen mollusks and 127 insects happiness to 6 orders are known and documented. Most of the mountain range fauna has been given protection beneath the high priority protection class of Schedule I of the Indian life (Protection) Act, 1972. The authorities of Himachal Pradesh has prohibited searching within the state for over 10 years. A trek of thirty five to forty five metric linear unit in any of the park's valleys brings one into the high altitude environment (3,500 m and above) of animals like blue sheep, cat, mountain range Ursus arctos, mountain range tahr, and deer. Best sightings is created in season (September–November) as animals begin their seasonal migration to lower altitudes.
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