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Castle Qaytbay History

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 Castle Qaytbay History
Established the fortress of Sultan Malik al-Ashraf Abu Al - Nasr Bey Mahmoudi year 882 AH / 1477 AD place Mannar old Alexandria at the eastern tip of the island of Pharos in the late Mamluk state ,It is a separate building 60 meters long and 50 meters in width , and thickness of walls 4.5 meters . 

Castle Qaytbay History
Castle Qaytbay History



 This was Manar had destroyed after an earthquake in 702 AH the days of King al-Nasir Muhammad , who is restored , but it demolishes then after several years until all its parts were destroyed in 777 AH / 1375 AD .

As Sultan Bey visited the city of Alexandria in 882 AH / 1477 AD went to the site of the ancient Al-Manar and ordered to build on the basis of the old Tower, later known
As Castle or bishop Qaytbay the construction was completed two years after the date of construction.
Castle Qaytbay History
Castle Qaytbay History
Because Bey Citadel in Alexandria is one of the most important castles on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea was interested by the sultans and the rulers of Egypt over historical times
 In the Mamluk era , we find Sultan Qansuh the Ghori interested in this castle , great attention and increased the strength of its garrison and shipped weapons and gear,
 When the Ottomans conquered Egypt used this castle a place to حاميتهم and were interested in maintaining them and made ​​them denominations of soldiers infantry, cavalry , artillery and various garrisons to defend it and then defend Egypt's northern coast gateway
As the Ottoman Empire weakened the castle began to lose its strategic importance and the result of poor defensive garrison it and then managed the French campaign on Egypt led by Napoleon Bonaparte seized the city of Alexandria in 1798 which led to the seizure and which took over the rest of Egypt,

  
Castle Qaytbay History
Castle Qaytbay History

Since taking Muhammad Ali Pasha ruled Egypt and worked to fortify Egypt and especially its coasts North stood to renew the walls of the castle and add some of the work out to fit and sophistication defense of the nineteenth century AD consisted in strengthening the walls and renovation of buildings and provide them with guns coastal This is in addition to the construction of many Ataiwabi and forts that have sprung up along the coast Egypt 's north .
Since the revolution, Ahmed Orabi 1882 and whose results were hit in the city of Alexandria on July 11, 1882 and then the British occupation of Egypt was vandalized Bey Citadel and cause cracks , The fort remained on this case until the Commission for the Conservation of Arab Antiquities 1904 work many of the reforms and do a project to work renovations it out based on the studies carried out by scientists of the French campaign and published in a book Description of Egypt and also by the traveler Cassius in his book of the year 1799 .

Castle Qaytbay History
Castle Qaytbay History

 Overall architectural planning of the castle :

 Bey Castle was built on an area of ​​17550 square meters was built on this space external walls of the castle and military Astgamatha , It is a set of walls built to further fortify the castle and the walls is a great Surin of huge stones that surround the castle from the outside and inside prepared to protect the castle, Valsor first is the outer wall of the castle is surrounded on all four sides Valdila east of the wall overlooking the sea and a width of two meters and a height of eight meters Peppered with no towers The western side is a huge wall thickness is greater than the rest of the castle walls peppered with three round towers and is this fence the oldest parts remaining ,The southern side it overlooks the harbor Eastern and peppered with three round towers and strikethrough door , while the northern side Fatal directly on the sea and is divided into two parts the bottom of it is a corridor large roofed built over the rock directly by several compartments while the upper part is a corridor by the mesh overlooking the sea
 The walls of Interior has shown of stone and surrounded the tower master of all his part, except for the north and permeates this wall from the inside group of cabins adjacent prepared  for war and are free of any openings except for door openings and slots Mzagl earmarked to be openings for ventilation on the one hand and Kfathat to defend the other hand, .
The main tower of the castle , it is located north - western aspect of the area of ​​the castle
The main tower of the castle is a building of three floors planned square shape emerges from every corner of the four pillars of a circular tower rises from the
The surface of the main tower was built hardwood limestone tower .


This post first appeared on Tourism, please read the originial post: here

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