Safari and Swaziland sound like a perfect match, though few people realise that this small African kingdom is ripe with opportunities to view iconic African wildlife. In fact, the country offers some of the best encounters with rhinos on the entire continent.
But these much-heralded horns are just the tip of the proverbial iceberg, with numerous other species to see, and many rewarding ways to see them, either on foot, horseback or mountain bike. And the culture, historical treasures and landscapes of Swaziland all have the power to enchant in equal measure.
Two white rhino in the wilds of Mkhaya Game Reserve, Swaziland © Matt Phillips / Lonely Planet
Mkhaya Game Reserve
Life isn’t always black or white, though in Mkhaya Game Reserve you’d be forgiven for thinking so. Whether on foot or in an open-topped 4WD, safari activities can’t help but be dominated by two of Africa’s most iconic species: the white an d black rhinoceros. The reserve has long boasted that visitors are more likely to see rhinos in the wild here than anywhere else in Africa, and it has reason to say so. Encounters – often of the in-close-quarters variety – are truly unforgettable. Tracking these massive creatures on a bush walk is an incredible experience, and offers the opportunity to seek out Mkhaya’s other creatures, both large and small. Following fresh spoor of giraffe, serval, impala or even dung beetles is always as captivating as it is educational.
Hiking trail markers within the Malolotja Nature Reserve, Swaziland © Matt Phillips / Lonely Planet
Malolotja Nature Reserve
A perfect place to keep your feet on the ground and your head in the sky, Malolotja Nature Reserve is perhaps the greatest destination in Swaziland to embrace the country’s extraordinary landscapes. Hikers and mountain bikers can spend days exploring the myriad trails that criss-cross some 200km of the high-altitude grasslands and lower-lying bushveld. A particularly rewarding hiking option is the 11km Malolotja Falls Trail, which offers vistas of the 89m-high Malolotja Falls (the country’s highest), Majolomba Falls and Silotfwane Mountain. If the sight of the latter is inspiring, there is a difficult 17km trail up the mountain that not only offers views across Swaziland, but also of Mozambique and South Africa. With 19 sites for camping, it’s possible to string together trails for overnight hikes of lasting between two and eight days in duration.
The 50m-long suspension bridge and one of the ziplines at Malolotja Canopy Tours, Malolotja Nature Reserve © Matt Phillips / Lonely Planet
Those without a fear of heights can fly over Majolomba River gorge and through its lush tree canopy on a series of adrenaline-inducing ziplines. The Malolotja Canopy Tour also includes a lofty 50m-long suspension bridge. While closing your eyes and screaming with joy (or fear) is always an option, you’ll be hard pressed to given the stunning views from the 10 wires, swaying bridge and sturdy wooden platforms bolted to the cliff sides.
Keeping visitors company in the sky are some 280 species of bird, while zebras, wildebeests, blesboks and warthogs are common sights roaming the countryside.
Some of the ancient and intricate rock art within the Nsangwini Rock Art Shelter, Komati Valley © Matt Phillips / Lonely Planet
This valley, to the east of Malolotja Nature Reserve, offers a taste of Swaziland’s past and present. Modernity is represented by the massive Maguga Dam, which hems in the Komati River to form a large lake used for irrigation, power production and recreational water sports. Although there are several viewpoints of the dam from the surrounding mountains, it’s at its most impressive from the arching roadway that crosses it. Nowhere is the valley’s history more poignant than within the Nsangwini Rock Art Shelter. Here, well-preserved paintings that date back some 4000 years depict African animals (wild dogs, elephants and lions) and ancient humans in various phases between the material and spiritual world. The latter includes hunters with spears, a man with the head of a praying mantis and others floating with feathered wings. Most of the reddish paintings, some delicate in their structure, were created using a mixture of ochre and animal-blood. Others are black, and are thought to represent the first Bantu pastoralists in the region.
The short hike to the shelter is incredibly picturesque, offering views over the lush valley and distant Komati River.
Horseback riding through wildebeest and blesbok at Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary, Swaziland © Matt Phillips / Lonely Planet
Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary
Swaziland’s first protected area is still one of its best, with dramatic scenery, iconic wildlife and a wide variety of safari activities. Bar crocodiles and hippos, which are only found in the immediate vicinity of waterholes, there are no dangerous animals to encounter here. This fact allows visitors to walk, mountain bike or horse ride throughout much of the sanctuary without the worry of lurking predators. Taking to the saddle allows access to the most areas, as well as closer encounters with normally shy wildlife such as zebras, wildebeest, warthogs and various antelopes (including the rare roan and blue duiker species). That said, the self-guided walking and biking trails and well-mapped roads for self-drive safaris make for easy and rewarding exploration throughout the day here. The most popular option for all is the ascent of Execution Rock (1110m) – according to legend, the ancient site where criminals and those suspected of witchcraft were forced to take their last step (off its lofty edge). There is no better way to end the day in Mlilwane than enjoying a sundowner near that fateful spot on Nyonyane Mountain.
Matena-M Mnisi, a traditional healer in the Lebombo Mountains of Swaziland © Matt Phillips / Lonely Planet
These scenic mountains, perhaps best known for marking the boundary between the safari haven of Kruger National Park in South Africa from the wilds Mozambique’s Limpopo National Park, also form the border of eastern Swaziland with Mozambique. Here it’s not so much the animals on show, but rather the rural riches of the Swaziland. Visitors who stay in the community-run Shewula Mountain Camp can walk with local guides through villages to learn about the culture, to sip freshly fermented beer (not for everyone’s taste!) and to even have their health assessed by a traditional healer. The setting is pretty spectacular throughout, with the views east down over Mozambique only being eclipsed by those westward across the Mbuluzi Game Reserve and sugarcane plantations beyond.