Delhi is the metropolitancn city and the capital of India. It has a number of historical landmarks in the forms of monuments, forts and palaces, mosques and temples. The history of Delhi can not be complete without knowing the surrounding areas, their heritage and culture. We have shortlisted Top 10 Places to visit near Delhi within 300 kms. You may like to read–
Places To Visit Near Delhi
There are a number of places near Delhi which are historically important and are known as the icons of history, architecture and designing. Uttar Pradesh has a number of such places which include UNESCO Heritage Sites of Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. In addition, nearby areas of Mathura districts are known for their holy affinity and birthplace of Shri Krishna.
1. Taj Mahal, Agra Fort
Taj Mahal and Agra Fort of Agra are the icon of Mughal rule in India as well as masterpiecies of architecture and designing of Mughals. The UNESCO has accorded them world class status by including them into the list of world heritage sites.
Located at a distasnce of 200 kms from the capital of India, Delhi, Agra is a historical city with a number of other monuments which include Akhbar’s Tomb, Baby Taj or Itmad-ud-Ullah, Mariam’s Tomb etc., to name a few.
Taj Mahal is a mausoleum of a queen, built by an Indian emeror to show his esteem and love towards her. Located near the south bank of River Yamuna, in Agra, India, Taj Mahal is a mausoleum built in white marble, in between 1631 and 1648. The name Taj is dervived from the name of his popular wife Mumtaj Mahal, in whose memory it is dedicated to. Begum mumtaj Mahal, it is said died after giving birth to her 14th child Gauhara Begum.
Agra Fort is the former royal residence of the Mughal clan located in India’s city of Agra. In fact, the History of Agra Fort dates back to many years ago since the Mughals came in India. The magnificient and grandeur of Agra Fort is still there, thanks to the Mughal dynasty which remodelled it for its better use.
Agra fort is spread into 94 acres or 3,80,000 square meters of an area. It is located near river Yamuna bank and encircled by a wall which runs about 3.5 kilometers. There are four gates of Agra Fort but two are in working mode which are known as Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate.
2. Fatehpur Sikri
The town of Fatehpur Sikri, a small place in the district of Agra, at a distance of about 40 kilometers towards Jaipur route, is known for its grand Mughal architecture, the highest door to the palace and a dargah of Sufi saint Sheikh Salim Chisti.
The city of Fatehpur Sikri is a grand complex, spread into three kilometers, which consists of Diwan-eAam and Diwan-e-Khaas, Panch Mahal, Anup Talao, Mariam-uj-Jamani’s palace, Birbal’s House, Naubat Khana, Hiran Minar, Ibat Khana and Jama Masjid etc. The Buland Darwaza was the architectural marvel of the contemporary times and high of 55 meters. Later, the tomb of Salim Chisti was also constructed there, as a mark of respect to him.
The Fatehpur Sikri monuments follow time regimen of sunrise to sunset, as other UNESCO heritage sites.
Vrindavan, a town in the district of Mathura, India is the holy city known for its ancient and contemporary temples. Most of the temples are devoted to the memory of Lord Krishna and His accomplishes. About 11 kilometers away from the city of Mathura, Vrindavan is the place, where Lord Krisha is believed to spend his childhood days.The town has temples which are dedicated to the worship of Radha and Krishna and is considered holy or sacred by Vaishnavism sect of Hindus.
Vrindavan is its roots in ancient India. Hindus regard it as a revered pilgrimage site. Govind Deo temple, which was built in 1590, at the time when the foundations for the town of Vrindavan were being laid. It was Chaitanya Mahprabhu who rediscovered the town of Vrindavan later.
Vrindavan is known for its temples– Madan Mohan Temple, Meera Bai Temple, Chandodya Temple, Banke Bihari Temple, and recently constructed gradiose Prem Mandir.
Mathura– a sacred city, the city of temples is situated about 150 kilometers towards Agra, before about 50 kilometers from it. The birth place of Lord Shri Krishna, it is a pilgrimage for Hindu devotees.
Mathura has an ancient history with ruler of yadu dynasty. Archaeological Survey of India also accepts that the city has its mention in the the Ramayana epic. In the epic, the Ikshwaku prince Shatrughna slays a demon called Lavanasura and claims the land. Afterwards, the place came to be known as Madhuvan as it was thickly wooded, then Madhupura and later Mathura.
there are a number of old and new temples in the city of Mathura and people from the world over visits the, every day, round the year.
Barasana is a village in the district of Mathura. It is believed to be the birth place of Radha, beloved of Lord Krishna. There are lot of stories about the dearest Gopi of Lord Krishna and childhood they spent together there. There are a number of temples, dedicated to their lovelore. It is also famous for unique style of festivity– the Hindu festival of Holi.
It is located at about 45 kilometers from the city of Mathura. Akin to other villages in Braj region, Barsana is also linked to Lord Krishna and his times. Barsana is surrounded by hills from four sides. According to sources, it is actually the birthplace of Radha, the consort of Krishna whom he never said to have married. The place was earlier known as Brahmsarin. The myth goes that Brahma asked Krishna to spend time on the earth. Krishna asked Brahma to take the form of hill. The four hills are said to represent the four heads of Brahma. Hence Brahma and Sarin (head) form this name.
Barsana is also famous for its Holi celebrations. A very special type of Holi called Lathmaar Holi is played here between the residents of Nandgaon and Barsana. It this Holi, womenfolk of Barsana beat men of Nandgaon with wooden sticks and the later have to defend themselves.
An ancient historical town in Alwar district of Rajasthan, Neemrana is situated at about 12o km from Delhi on the Delhi-Jaipur highway. It is the site of a 16th-century hill-fort occupied by Chauhans till 1947. The erstwhile ruling family is considered to be of the direct lineage of Prithviraj Chauhan. Some distance from Neemrana is another fort, Kesroli in Alwar district, that is one of the oldest heritage sites. In Kesroli one gets to see the oldest remains of Buddhist Vihara at Viratnagar where the Pandavas spent the last year of their exile incognito; Pandupole, with the only reclining statue of Hanuman; the samadhi of the ruler saint Bhartrihari.
The Neemrana Fort Palace has now been converted into a heritage hotel and you can get to stay here, enjoy the restored royal splendour; at a price tag!
7. Sariska National Park, at Alwar
Located in the Alwar district of the Rajasthan, Sariska is a National Park and tiger reserve area. It is located at about 200 kms from Delhi. The topography of Sariska supports arid forests, rocky landscapes, dry deciduous forests, rocks, grasses and hilly cliffs. This area was a hunting preserve of the Alwar state and it was declared a wildlife reserve in 1955. In 1978, it was given the status of a tiger reserve making it a part of India’s Project Tiger. The park is spread into an area of 866 sqkm.
The reserve is also the location of several sites of historical importance such as the 16th-century Kankwadi fort, which is located near the centre of the park.
Pandupol in the hills in the centre of the reserve is believed to be one of the retreats of Pandava. The Hanuman temple in Pandupol is a pilgrimage site which causes problems for the wildlife, due to the heavy traffic. The area also has buildings associated with the kings of Alwar such as the Sariska Palace, which was used as a royal hunting lodge of Maharaja.
8. Keoladeo National Bird Sanctury at Bharatpur
Declared as a World Heritage Site, Keoladeo National Park which was earlier known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, is a famous sanctuary that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the winter season. Over 230 species of birds are known to be resident there. It is also a major tourist centre with scores of scientists interested in bird watching arrive here in the hibernal season.
The sanctuary was created 250 years ago and is named after a Keoladeo (Shiva) temple within its boundaries. Initially, it was a natural depression; and was flooded after the Ajan Bund was constructed by Maharaja Suraj Mal, then the ruler of the princely state of Bharatpur, between 1726–1763.
The park was established as a national park on 10 March 1982. Previously the private duck shooting preserve of the Maharaja of Bharatpur since the 1850s, the area was designated as a bird sanctuary on 13 March 1976 and a Ramsar site under the Wetland Convention in October 1981
9. Jim Corbett National Park
Known as one of the oldest national park in India and was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger. Located in the district of Nainital, it was named after Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment. The park was the first to come under the Project Tiger initiative.
Corbett is a preffered place for tourists and wildlife lovers. Tourism activity is only allowed in selected areas of Corbett Tiger Reserve so that people get an opportunity to see its beautiful landscape and the diverse wildlife. In recent years the number of people coming here has increased manifold.
Corbett National Park covers an area of about 5oo sqkm which mainly are hills, riverine belts, marshy depressions, grasslands and a large lake. The elevation ranges from 1,300 to 4,000 ft. Winter nights are cold but the days are bright and sunny. It remains under the influence of rains from July to September, usually.
10. Kotdwar and Lansdowne
Kotdwar is regarded as an entry to the land of God. It is beyond the district of Bijnor in Uttar Pradesh, and about 200 kms from the city of Delhi. It has a historical siddhbali temple where people from the remote parts of the country come and worship the God Hanuman.
Hardly 35 kms ahead is the town of Lansdowne. Lansdowne was founded and named after then Viceroy of India, Lord Lansdowne in 1887, and by 1901 it had a population of less than 4000. Nowadays, the famous Garhwal Rifles of the Indian Army has its command office here. Lansdowne is one of the quietest hill stations of India and is popular since Britishers came to India. Lansdowne is unlike other hill stations as it is well connected with motorable roads but remote in its own way. It is situated at an altitude of 1,706 mts above sea level surrounded with beautiful thick oak and blue pine forests in the Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand state.
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