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Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited


Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (abbreviated BSNL) is an Indian state-owned telecommunications company headquartered in New Delhi. It was incorporated on 15 September 2000 and took over the business of providing of telecom services and network management from the erstwhile Central Government Departments of Telecom Services (DTS) and Telecom Operations (DTO), with effect from 1 October 2000 on a going concern basis. It is the largest provider of fixed telephony and broadband services with more than 60% market share and Fifth largest mobile telephony provider in India. However, in recent years the company's revenues and market share have plummeted into heavy losses due to intense competition in the Indian telecommunications sector.Bsnl is India's oldest communication service provider and had a customer base of 93.29 million as of June 2015. It has footprints throughout India except for Mumbai and New Delhi, which are managed by Mahanagar Telephone Nigam (MTNL).


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Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited Services

Bsnl Mobile is a major provider of GSM cellular mobile services under the brand name Cellone. BSNL provides complete telecom services solution to enterprise customers including MPLS, P2P and Internet leased lines. It provides fixed-line services and landline using CDMA technology and its extensive optical fibre network. BSNL provides Internet access services through the dial-up connection as prepaid, NetOne as Postpaid and DataOne as BSNL Broadband.

BSNL offers value-added services, such as Free Phone Service (FPH), India Telephone Card (Prepaid card), Account Card Calling (ACC), Virtual Private Network (VPN), Tele-voting, Premium Rate Service (PRM), Universal Access Number (UAN). BSNL also offers the IPTV which enables customers to watch television on internet and Voice and Video Over Internet Protocol (VVoIP).In 2007, BSNL announced plans for providing 5 million broadband connectivity and secured 80% of the INR 25 billion rural telephony project of Government of India. On 20 March 2009, BSNL launched blackberry services across India. BSNL paid Rs. 101.87 billion for 3G spectrum in 2010. As of 2011, BSNL offers coverage in over 800 cities across India. BSNL launched in 2012 a 3G wireless pocket router named Winknet Mf50. BSNL 3G provides HSPA+ service with the highest speed of 21.1 Mbit/s downlink and 5.76 Mbit/s uplink.


BSNL announced the discontinuation of its telegram services from 15 July 2013, after 160 years in service. It was opened to the public in February 1855; it was upgraded to a web-based messaging system in 2010, through 182 telegraph offices across India.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, A Public Sector Enterprise also provide Fibre to the home plans which are generally known as FTTH broadband service. It is the fastest broadband service which has been started by the BSNL. BSNL FTTH service can provide the speed up to 100Mbit/s to the Internet users.
As per Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Report dated 19 Feb 2016 BSNL has the 4th position in Broadband market share. It has a broadband market share of 14.54% as on 31.12.2015. In wireless segment, it is on 6th position with 8.16% of market share as on 31.12.2015.

BSNL launched linguistic email service with DATAMAIL app in 8 Indian languages. DATAMAIL app is powered with XgenPlus email technology built by Data Xgen Technologies.

BSNL Broadband

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited Broadband is an Internet access service from state-owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) available in India since 14 January 2005. Until 30 September 2007, it was known as Data One.

BSNL Chennai Broadband's Wi-Fi modem from Nokia Siemens Networks

BSNL is commissioning a multi-gigabit, multi-protocol, IP infrastructure through National Internet Backbone-II (NIB-II), that will provide services through the same backbone and broadband access network. The broadband service will be available on digital subscriber line technology (on the same wire that is used for plain old telephone service), spanning 198 cities.
NIB-II would have put India on par with more advanced nations. The services that would be supported include always-on broadband access to the Internet for residential and business customers, content-based services, video multicasting, video-on-demand and interactive gaming, audio and video conferencing, IP telephony, distance learning, messaging, multi-site MPLS VPNs with Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees. The subscribers would have been able to access the above services through Subscriber Service Selection System (SSSS) portal.


The service will be given through Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) based IP infrastructure. Layer 1 of the network will consist of a high-speed backbone composed of 24 core routers connected with high-speed 2.0 Gbit/s(STM-16) links.

BSNL Mobile

BSNL Mobile (formerly CellOne) is an Indian mobile network operator, operated by the public enterprise BSNL. It provides both pre-paid and post-paid mobile services as well as many value-added services. BSNL Mobile has a pan-India presence with the presence in all the 21 telecom circles in India. BSNL Mobile provides all of India with roaming access, including Delhi and Mumbai, and International roaming access to more than 300 networks across the world.

The company's CellOne network (GSM/GPRS) was launched in late 2002 and has coverage in major cities and towns and more places are being covered. BSNL Mobile offers both GSM as well as CDMA prepaid and postpaid services. CellOne was renamed BSNL Mobile in 2007.

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited Administrative units

BSNL is divided into a number of administrative units termed as telecom circles, metro districts, project circles and specialised units. It has 24 telecom circles, 2 metro districts, 6 project circles, 4 maintenance regions, 5 telecom factories, 3 training institutions and 4 specialised telecom units.


This post first appeared on TechJunior, please read the originial post: here

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