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7 Programing Languages of 2016

programming languages

Adoriasoft provides software development services by using almost any of modern languages. Our publicity department has made a research according to the company’s active projects and market demand (leads, vacancies and education courses) in order to create a chart of most wanted Programming languages of the year:

  1. Java
  2. C++
  3. C#
  4. JavaScript
  5. PHP
  6. Objective C
  7. Swift

Along with generalized opinion of Wikipedia Adoriasoft experts uncover some details of the aforementioned list positions:

1. Java

Java is a general-purpose computer programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

Wikipedia

The advantage of this way of program execution is total bytecode independence from the operational system and equipment that lets it to execute Java-applications on any device via its virtual machine. Another important Java feature is flexible security system along with a complete control over the program execution via virtual machine. Any operation that overreach program settings (unauthorized access to data or other computer connection) calls immediate termination.

2. C++

C++ (pronounced as cee plus plus) is a general-purpose programming language. It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features, while also providing facilities for low-level memory manipulation.

Wikipedia

This language was originally developed as the C programming language with parts of Simula simulation programming language at the beginning of the 1980s. Soon it became very popular and was standardized as not just “C with classes” but a new C++ programming language, still compatible with most of the C parent. This and the philosophy of C++ shaped most of its pros and cons.

3. C#

C# (pronounced as see sharp) is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines.

Wikipedia

It was developed in 2000 and postulates the famous idea: “every essence is an object”. It’s based on strict component architecture and embodies advanced code’s security. C# is a new language, it has complete access to the same rich class libraries that are used by seasoned tools such as Visual Basic .NET and Visual C++ .NET. C# itself does not include a class library.

4. JavaScript

JavaScript (/ˈdʒɑːvəˌskrɪpt/) is a high-level, dynamic, untyped, and interpreted programming language. It has been standardized in the ECMAScript language specification. Alongside HTML and CSS, it is one of the three core technologies of World Wide Web content production; the majority of websites employ it and it is supported by all modern Web browsers without plug-ins. It has an API for working with text, arrays, dates and regular expressions.

Wikipedia

JavaScript is an object-oriented language, but it involves prototyping that determines its dealing with objects and distinguishes it from the traditional class-oriented languages. Besides, Javascript has a range of flexible features of functional programing languages like first-class objects, list objects, curring, anonymous functions, closure etc.

5. PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. Originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, the PHP reference implementation is now produced by The PHP Group. PHP originally stood for Personal Home Page, but it now stands for the recursive backronym PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.

Wikipedia

As for the field of server side web development, PHP is one of the most famous script languages (similar to JSP, Perl and ASP.NET programming languages). Its popularity is defined by a wide range of built in features of web applications development. There are hundred thousands of PHP developers today. According to some charts it has the sixth place among the most popular programming languages. Wikipedia and Facebook are done with PHP. It is even possible to use PHP to develop cross platform applications using the appropriate development environment packages.

6. Objective C

Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language. It was the main programming language used by Apple for the OS X and iOS operating systems, and their respective application programming interfaces (APIs): Cocoa and Cocoa Touch prior to the introduction of Swift.

Wikipedia

Objective-C was created as a solution for the repeated code usage by compiling programs from ready components (objects) similar to how it’s done in hardware assembling. But it still supposed to be simple and C based in order to make development transition easier. Classes as complete objects, introspection and message dynamic processing were also expected. Objective-C also supports processing of metadata allowing to set the object’s classes, methods, instance-variables and protocol validation at the moment of execution.

7. Swift

Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux. Swift is designed to work with Apple’s Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks and the large body of extant Objective-C (ObjC) code written for Apple products. Swift is intended to be more resilient to erroneous code (“safer”) than Objective-C, and more concise.

Wikipedia

However, there are still reasons to use Swift and Objective-C together:

  • Object frameworks are the same: iOS apps are based on the code which has access to the same framework (Cocoa Touch)
  • Objective-C is checked and tested: there are about 1,2 mln apps made by 9 mln developers
  • There are options to use both programming languages as long as Swift is created to work with Objective-C side by side.

Each of the 7 programming languages can be efficiently implemented following Agile principles and SCRUM methodology, which is the essential requirement for each Adoriasoft project regardless the programming language and the rest of technologies involved.

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This post first appeared on Adoriasoft Custom Software Development Company, please read the originial post: here

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