Partitioning is the act of splitting a drive into pieces and assigning a filesystem. All drives need at least one Partition to store data, usually pre set-up, but you can add more.
There are a few reasons one would want to partition an external drive. One is to use some of the space for general file storage and the rest for backups via the Windows Backup and Recovery Tool or Apple's Time Machine. You also may want an encrypted portion of a drive for confidential files. If installing an operating system, you'll need to partition part of a drive for the OS. You may even want to put videos in one partition and photos and documents in another to speed up searches.
Whatever the reason may be, partitions are pretty easy to get set up on Windows with any storage medium in just a little bit of time. We'll be using Windows 10 and Disk Management for this tutorial, but the process will behave in a similar fashion across previous versions of the OS.
Windows 10 Disk Management To..
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