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What is internet in hindi-complete information kaise start hua

What is internet in hindi

what is internet in hindi

Aaj ke is yug mai shayad hi koi aisa hoga jo internet ke bare mai na janta ho ya phir use istmal na karta ho.hum chahe kitna bhi mehnga phone kharid le agar usme internet na chale to wo phone kabad ki trah hai,hamara main kam to internet se hi hota hai,phone chahe jo bhi ho agar internet hai to full on masti.kya apko pata hai internet ka owner kaun hai kaun log hai jo ise operate karte hai,india mai iska istmal kab shuru hua,kya hai internet ke piche ki history to aj hum jannge what is internet in hindi mai.

About internet

internet ek aisa jaal hai jisme humare computers,phone,electronic appliances etc internet se connect hai.jisme hum apni information kahi dur bhete dosto ke sath share kar sakte hai or duniya mai kya chal raha hai wo sab hum ghar bhete jaan sakte hai.ab ye do trah se connect hota hai wire or wireless,wire jo cable ke jariye computer ko apas mai connect karta hai and wirless jisme hum wifi ka use karte hai.

yeh sab router ke jariye information send karte hai.agar ap kahi dusre city mai request bhejte hai to apki request alag -alag router ke jariye server tak puchti hai.router ek aisa intelligence device hai jo best path find karta hai jiske jariye wo apke data ya request ko server tak fastly send kare sake.

TCP/IP (Transmission control protocol/internet protocol) yehi wo medium hai jo intenet mai use hota hai information share karne ke liye.

History of internet

history of internet in hindi

internet ki shuruat 1962 mai huyi ,internet ko banane mai jo sabse pehle naam ata hai wo hai Leonard Kleinrock  ye ek american computer scientist hai inhone hi sabse phele internet ko banane ka plan banya tha,or isi plan ko pura karne ke liye JCR ne Robert taylor ki sath milkar internet ko taiyar kiya, ye ek ajecny thi jiska nam DARPA(Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) rakha gaya tha.

JCR ne is agency ka use karke ek network banaya jiska nam ARPA net rakha gaya,ye isiliye banaya gaya taki sab logo ko ek sath connect kar sake or yehi se internet ki shurat huyi.

DARPA ke do logo ne milkar TCP ko banaya or arpha net ka name change karke internet rakh diya.

May 22, 1973 mai Bob Metcalfe ne ethernet cable banyi jiske jariye do computer apas mai connect kiye gaye.or inhone do computer ke bech data transfer kiya jiska nam LAN(Local area network) pada.

local area network in hindi

1983 mai  vint cerf and Bob Kahn ne IP(internet protocol) ko banaya,jisse har internet user ko ek ip assign hoti hai agar simple way mai batu to jis trah apke laptop/computer ka MAC address hota hai jisme unique number hota hai wo apki identity show karta hai thik usi trah har internet user ko ek id milti hai.

Agar apko nahi pata apki IP address kya hai to ap google mai serach kare “what is my ip” apka ip address show ho jayega

6 August 1991 mai vint cerf and Bob Kahn ne internet ko publicly release kar diya,isse phele internet ko kewal goverment agency and defence agency hi use karti thi.

1989 mai Tim-berners-lee ne www ko represent kiya,jisme sabse phele Tim-berners-lee ne apna phela webpage banaya,or fir uske bad se hi website banna start huyi.google ki mane to 2014 ke survey ke mutabik internet pe 1 billion websites ban gyi thi, jiska andaja ap laga sakte hai ar day mai patani kitni website live hoti hai internet pe.

India mai kaise huyi Internet ki shuruvat

15 august 1995 mai internet ka istmal hua,isko india mai lani wali company BSNL hai, jisne india ke or city mai internet provide karwaya.or phir dhire-dhire or ISP(internet service provider) airtel,reliance,idea ne bhi internet serive dena shuru kiya

Internet kaise chalta hai

sab log internet use karte hai par bhut se logo ko is bare mai nhi pata hoga ki akhir internet chalta kaisa hai?
aj hum 99% optical fiber cable ki help se hi internet use karte hai jo bhut fast hai like 4g ab to 5g bhi ane wala hai.yeh cable puri country mai samudre mai bichayi jati hai inhe(submarine cable) bhi kehte hai.

akhir ye cable bichata kaun hai ? jo tier one comapny hoti hai wo in cable ko bichati hai,internet to free hai par paise kewal cable lagane or cable ki maaintance ke lagte hai,or phir tier 2 company hoti hai wo inse service leti hai or ap sabko internet provide karti hai,ab tier 2 company hum se paisa leke kuch paise khud rakhti hai or kuch tier one company ko de deti hai

isliye apne dekha hoga jab hum phele internet use karte the airtel,voda,idea ka to uske plans kafi costly hote the or data bhi kam milta tha,lekin jab se JIO aya hai to plan kafi saste ho gye hai jisko ek normal person easily afford kar sakta hai,or jio ke ane se internet user bhi kafi badte ja rahe hai.

to jio ne kewal cable bichane mai paise invest kiye aur hume itne saste plans provide kiye,kyunki internet to free hai bas jio ki ab maintence ki cost ati hai.

ab bat karte hai hamare phone mai website kaise khulti hai ,jaise hi hum apne browser se kuch search karte hai like www.facebook.com to information phele service provide ke pass jati hai phir cable ke through facebook ke server tak jati hai jaha par facebook ka server hoga phir wha se information milne par service provide se hokar hamare mobile mai ati hai,ye processing itni fast hoti hai ki hume iske internal processing ka pata hi nhi chalta hai.

example agar mai apni website ki bat karu to iska server india mai hai to koi india se is site ko open karta hai to ye jaldi open hogi,agar whi is website ka sever usa mai hota to request cable ke thorugh hoker usa ke server par jakar phir wha se ake response karti to aisa mai site ko khulne mai thoda time lagta hai. vse bat kare internet ke owner ki to internet ka koi owner nahi hai bs kuch company hai jo isko manage karti hai.

Use of Internet

1. Education – aj ki date mai apko apne course se related information internet mai easily mil jayengi,jiske liye apko mehnegi books buy karne ki jarrurat nhi padti ,ap online teaching lectures dekh sakte hai kuch paid hote hai kuch free, agar apko banking ssc or other exam ko clear karne ke liye notes chaiye to wo bhi apko online mil jate hai,general knowledge questions and answer,ap chahe to ghar bhete-bhete koi course join kar sakte ho jiska apko online certificate bhi mil jata hai.

2. Medical – medical mai bhi iska kafi use hota hai,kyunki ajkal sab kam computer mai hota hai to patience ke information compuer mai store karte hai kyunki yeh bhut easy hota hai or apka data bhi jaldi mil jata hai bajaye file banake or phir usme kisi ka record dhudne mai,ap online doctor se health ke bare mai puch sakte ho,new technology mai bhi iska use hota hai.

3. News – aj hum ghar bhete bhete cricket match live dekh sakte hai,kis shehar mai kya chal raha hai sab hum tv mai dekh sakte hai,mausam ka haal jan sakte hai.

4. E-commerce – online shopping apko jo chaiye ghar bhete order kare or apka saman apke ghar mai puch jayega,internet ka sabse jayda istmal is field mai ho raha hai,ap fresh vegetables,clothes,shoes,kitchen appliances,home-décor etc ghar bhete manga sakte ho or ye sab possible ho paya hai internet ki wajah se.

5. Internet banking – phele ke time mai hume ghanto bank mai khade hokar paise nikalne ke liye or jama karne ke liye line mai khada hona padta tha,par ab mobile se hi kisi ko bhi paise transfer kar sakte hai,apna balance check kar sakte hai,electricity bill pay kar sakte hai recharge kar sakte hai etc.

6. Enterinment – aj sabse jayda entertainment mai iska use hota hai,live shows,serial,movies sab online dekh sakte ho. Youtube pe kya trending mai chal ra hai wagera-wagera.

7. Freelancer – ye ek online service hai,agar ap kisi chez mai mahir ho or ap paisa kamana chahte ho to ap freelancing kar sakte ho,jisme apko apne kam se related work karna padta hai.jaise hum job karte hai thk vaise hi hum ghar bhet ke kam karte hai isme koi boss nhi hota hai, bus apko register karna hota hai or apko kam milta hai jisko apko time pe karna hota hai or iske apko paise milte hai. Online paise kamana ajkal easy ho gaya hai bas apko thoda hardwork karna hota hai iske liye ap blogging kar sakte ho youtube pe channel bana sakte ho etc.

8. Online booking – jaise jaise internet ke user badte ja rahe hai vse vse company isko handle karne ke liye online work pe jor de rahi hai,phele apko khud jakar line lagkar ya time waist karkar booking karni padti thi,par ab mobile se easly booking kar sakte hai,like hotel booking,train pass booking,flight booking,restraunt booking,online admission etc.

Advantage & disadvantage of internet

Advantage or disadvantage hamare use karne ke upar bhi hote hai user jaise chahe use kar sakte hai,agar wo iska use ache ke liye kare to uske liye advantage agar bure ke liye karo whi wo disadvantage ban jate hai.

Advantage

1. ap ghar bhete-bhete bill pay,shopping,recharge,banking easily kar sakte ho.

2. Agar apko internet ki knowledge hai or iska istmal ache se ata hai to ap ghar bhete paise kama sakte ho.

3. Ap koi bhi information recive kar sakte ho ,apne dur bhete rishtedar,client,boss ko email kar sakte ho.

4. Ap internet ka use karke apne business ka promotion kar sakte ho,ajkal jaydatar logo promotion ke liye online hi paise invest karte hai.

5. Job ke liye ghar bhete interview de sakte ho video call ke jariye.

Disadvantage

1. Time ki barbadi agar ap apne important kam chod kar bas internet mai hi lage ho to ye bhut gandi adat hai.

2. Internet mai fraud/spam email ke jariye ap fas sakte hai,bhut se logo jinko is bare mai kam knowledge hoti hai wo paise ke lalach mai akar apni information share kar dete hai jiska unhe kafi nuksan uthana padta hai.

3. Bhut si aisi sites hoti hai jisme hum unwanted files ko download kardete hai jisse mobile ya computer mai virus a jate hai jisse apki privacy or sytem corrupt hone ke chances bad jate hai, or bhut se log hacking ke jariye apko blackmail and apke information nikal lete hai,or apke bank se paise bhi chori kar lete hai.

4. Bhut se log dushmani nikalne ke liye unhe blackmail karte hai or website mai logo ki privacy ko leke unki personal videos and picture share kar dete hai,jise victim unke jal mai fas jata hai.

5. Ajkal ke teenagers iske kafi addicted ho chuke hai unhe ap internet use karne ke liye dedo to wo subh se sham usi mai gujar denge,to aise mai unko kafi problem jhelni padti hai ankho mai problem, kisi se jayda bat na karna etc.

Agar hum teenagers se internet ke disadvantage puche to wo kewal iske advantage hi ginayega to aise mai humre upar depend karta hai ki hum internet ko kaise use karte hai.

is post mai maine apko bataya what is internet in hindi or  brief history di hai internet ke bare mai,kaise ye start hua ,india mai ye kab start huwa,internet kaise kam karta hai etc,agar apko post pasand aya to ise apne friends ke sath bhi share kare.

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This post first appeared on Blogy Mind, please read the originial post: here

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