The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a free, independent and sovereign nation. In 1988, the system was introduced through the Provincial Councils. Legislative power is exercised by universal franchise . The executive power of the people and the executive power of the people will be elected by the people.
Location and physical characteristics
Sri Lanka, an island in the Indian Ocean, is located to the south of the Indian subcontinent. It lies between 5 ° 55 'and 9 ° 55' north of the equator, and between the eastern longitudes 79 ° 42 'and 81 ° 52'. The total area is approx. 65,610. The region has an amazing variety. 445km long and 225km wide and surrounded by beautiful tropical beaches, beautiful vegetation, ancient monuments and endless loveliness. The geographical features of the island consist of a plateau around the south from a central place to a height of 2,500 m. The coastal belt is cocktail around the island and the sea temperature is rarely below 27 degrees Celsius.
Weather and seasons
There is an indefinite tropical climate in low-lying areas. The average temperature in Colombo is 27 degrees Fahrenheit [27 ° C] and in the height of about 2000m, it drops to 16 ° C. Bright sunshine is a regular feature daily including the monsoon period. In Sri Lanka, there is no longer a period of unsuitable seasonal plowing for many years. Southwest monsoon rains are from May to July to the western and southernmost parts of the country, while the Northeast monsoon rains in December and January in the north and east.
Language and religion
Sinhala, Tamil and English are the official languages of Sri Lanka. The Sinhala language of Indo-Aryan origin is the language of mostly. It is widely spoken in English and can be understood by many.
Place names and signs in trains and trains are usually in all three languages. Sri Lanka is a country enjoying freedom and religious freedom. Whichever way you go, you can see a Buddhist temple, a temple, a Hindu temple, a Christian church and a mosque with architectural features. When entering sacred shrines, they are consistent with the requirements of dressing so as not to dishonor them.
The country's population is 18.5 million. Most of them are Sinhalese (74%). There are ethnic groups (12.6%), Indian Tamils (5.55%), Monarchs (from the Portuguese and Dutch) and Burgers (7.9%).
Although Sri Lanka is a multi religious country, the majority is Buddhists (69.3%). Other religious groups include Hindu (15.5%), Muslim (7.6%) and Christian (7.5%). Sri Lanka's literacy rate of 88.6% is the highest in Asia.
Sri Lanka is mainly an agricultural country. The country is self-sufficient in rice, the main crop. Tea, rubber and coconut are important agricultural crops, with tea being the leading crop of foreign exchange. In addition, other important crops include cocoa and cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, pepper and cloves. Tropical fruits and vegetables in tropical and temperate climates are also common in Sri Lanka. The amount of foreign exchange received by Sri Lankans is very large.
National Flag of Sri Lanka
The National flag is the main symbol of the country's identity to the world. The National Flag of Sri Lanka is made by an old Royal Flag. Our national flag shows the historic background of the nation and motherland, courage, sovereignty and independence, unity and equality of the people of Sri Lanka. The national flag and the national anthem are a major part of the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
Symbols in the national flag
The Lion with a Sword - Boldness
Red background - dignity
Four Bo leaves - The Spirituality
The orange bar - the Tamil people
The green column - Muslim people
Ideas that represent the various parts of the national flag
Yellow Lion - The story of the people that respects people's discipline, leadership, honesty, customs and the lioness of the Sinhalese.
Yellow Corridor - Rightly, legally and justly to stand up for the safety of the country.
The four Booths - the great quality of respecting all the other religions - Metta, Karuna, Muditha, Upekkha and four other religions.
Red Part - Life blood of all Sri Lanka's and representation of the ancient Royal Flag of Sri Lanka
Green / orange belts - Tamil, Muslim, Burgher, Malay, Plantation Tamils and all other minorities.
The yellow belt with a uniform width - all the national flags are bound together. The unity among all people explains the understanding, peace, wisdom, and uncertainty.
The original royal Sinhala flag was used when independence in 1948. This is the old national flag that was practiced on Independence Day on 4th February 1048. The need of a revised flag emerged in place of this old national flag. Accordingly, on March 6, 1948, Prime Minister DM Jayaratne, A special committee was appointed by S.S Senanayake to formulate a national flag.
which is as follows:
1. Mr. SWRD Bandaranaike (Chairman)
2. Sir John Kothalawala
3. Mr. JR Jayawardena
4. Dr. Lalith Abhayawarwardena
5. Mr. Beyah
6. Senator S. Nadesan
7. Dr. Senarath Paranavithana (Secretary)
National Flower of Sri Lanka
As the national flower of Sri Lanka, the choice of Blue Lily is as follows: For a royal festive period, this flower is used as a flower for Upulwan Goddess. There is a belief that this god has consented to protect Sri Lanka, and the leaves are curved with mottled flowers that have a cool quality that can withstand a severe disease, and the leaves are curdled with purple leaves and the natural name of the blue lily scienstitic name is Nympheae stallata.
National Tree of Sri Lanka
National Tree of Sri Lanka With such a strong, very long, long life, the land will survive because of such strong boots. Symbolicity is a very sweet, flowery flowering flower. There is a drug range for treating a number of diseases, including the snake bite. The unique name of the Nah tree is Mesi Ferrea.
National bird in Sri Lanka
The reasons for choosing a rooster as the national bird in Sri Lanka are as follows: This is the reason this bird is a spectacular creature holding a feather made of several colors, being a native bird of Sri Lanka, a militant brave and being an angel claiming that the cock is coming up. The rooster's wild bearer is Ceylon Jungle fowl.
These are the main details about Sri Lanka. Good bye to bring things about another country.