(A) E Sreedharan
(B) Ratan Tata
(C) Narayan Murthy
(D) APJ Abdul Kalam
Ans: (A) E Sreedharan
E Sreedharan Biography
Eltuvalpil Sreedharan or E Sreedharan, the Metro Man of India, was born on 12 July 1932 in Kerala. He studied at Victoria College in Palghat, before graduating in Engineering from the former Government Engineering College, Kakinada.
When he started his career as a lecturer in civil engineering at Kerala Polytechnic in Kozhikode, he moved to Bombay Port Trust as an apprentice, before joining his engineer service in the Indian Railways. His first major challenge came in 1963, when a tidal wave washed away parts of the Pamban bridge connecting Rameswaram to mainland Tamil Nadu. Although the railway had set a target of six months to repair the bridge, dr E Sreedharan restored it in a record time of 46 days. He then served as the Deputy Chief Engineer in charge of the implementation, planning and design of the Calcutta Metro in 1970. He also served as the Chairman and Managing Director of Cochin Shipyard.
Although he retired from the Indian Railways in 1990, the government forced him out of retirement and was appointed as the CMD of the Konkan Railway on contract in 1990. This highly challenging project was completed under his leadership over a period of seven years. The Konkan Railway was India's first major project to be started on a BOT (build-operate-transfer) basis; There are 93 tunnels and more than 150 bridges in a total project of about 760 km. He was appointed as the Managing Director of Delhi Metro and is a rarity for projects undertaken by government agencies in India, with most of the scheduled sections of the Delhi Metro project being completed ahead of time.
His tenure was extended by three years in 2005 until the completion of the second phase of the Delhi Metro. He has received many awards and accolades. He was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2001, Man of the Year by the Times of India in 2002 and one of Asia's heroes by Time in 2003. In addition, he was awarded the Chevalier de la Legion de. Honour (Knight of the Legion of Honor) by the French government in 2005.
E Sreedharan retired from the Delhi Metro on December 31, 2010 after sixteen years of service. He is succeeded by Mangu Singh who is an Indian Railway Service Engineer (IRSE) officer.