It displays four columns and 15 rows of numbers in the contemporary cuneiform script composed in a base 60, or sexagesimal, system.
But Dr Daniel Mansfield of the School of Mathematics and Statistics in the University of New South Wales (UNSW) Faculty of Science, Sydney, says his research has unearthed the tablet’s true meaning.
"The huge mystery, until now, was [Plimpton 332’s] purpose—why the Ancient scribes carried out the complex task of generating and sorting the numbers on the tablet,” he said.
"Our research reveals that Plimpton 322 describes the shapes of right-angle triangles using a novel kind of trigonometry based on ratios, not angles and circles.
In a video promoting the discovery , Mansfield said the 60-base system used by the Babylonians could potentially influence the way we use mathematics today, as it can facilitate more precise division.
- Archeologists decipher ancient Babylonian trigonometry tabletDeathRattleSports.com
- Mathematicians Crack Mystery of Babylonian Clay Tablet 'Plimpton 322'Sci-News.com
- Study of Ancient Tablet Leads to Revision of Trigonometry's HistoryHi-tech Beacon
- Aussie mathematician cracks code of ancient 'Indiana Jones' tablet (1/6)ecns
- Ancient Tablet May Show Earliest Use of This Advanced MathNational Geographic
- Babylonian clay tablet mystery finally solved – and discovery proves that the ...The Sun
- Scientists reveal world's oldest, most accurate trigonometric tableDaily Sabah
- Forget trigonometry, cos Babylonians did it better 3700 years ago - by ...The Register
- Ancient Clay Tablet Holds Modern-Day Mathematics ApplicationsImmortal News