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Khatam an-Nabiyyin

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Muhammad
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Khatam an-Nabiyyin (Arabic: خاتم النبيين‎, khātam an-nabīyīn; or Khātim an-Nabīyīn), usually translated as Seal of the Prophets, is a title used in the Qur'an to designate the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is synonymous with the term Khātam al-Anbiyā’ (Arabic: خاتم الأنبياء‎; or Khātim al-Anbiyā’). Among Muslims, it is generally regarded to mean that Muhammad was the last of the prophets sent by God.

Occurrence in the Quran

"Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things."

— The Qur'an – Chapter 33 Verse 40

There is a difference among the schools of Qur'anic Recitation regarding the reading of the word خاتم in Verse 33:40 – it can be read as either khātim or khātam. Of the ten qirā’āt (readings, methods of recitation) regarded as authentic – seven mutawātir and three mashhūr – all read خاتم in this verse with a kasrah on the tāʼ (خاتِم, khātim) with the exception of 'Asim, who reads with a fatḥah on the tāʼ (خاتَم, khātam).[1][2][3][4] The reading of al-Hasan, a shadhdh (aberrant) recitation, is also khātam.[1][2]

The recitation that has become prevalent in most of the world today is Hafs 'an 'Asim – that is, the qirā’ah of 'Asim in the riwāyah (transmission) of his student Hafs. The reading of 33:40 according to Hafs 'an 'Asim is as follows:

(Arabic:) مَّا كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَبَآ أَحَدٍ مِّن رِّجَالِكُمْ وَلَـٰكِن رَّسُولَ ٱللَّـهِ وَخَاتَمَ ٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَ وَكَانَ ٱللَّـهُ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمًا [note 1]

(Transliteration): mā kāna muḥammadun abā aḥadin min rijālikum wa lākin rasūla ’llāhi wa khātama ’n-nabīyīna wa kāna ’llāhu bikulli shay’in ‘alīmā

— The Qur'an – Chapter 33 Verse 40

Quranic use of the root kh-t-m

The nouns khātam and khātim are derived from the root kh-t-m (خ ت م). Words based on this root occur in the Quran eight times:[5]

  • five times as the Form I verb khatama (خَتَمَ)[6]
  • once as the noun khātim (خَاتِم), or khātam (‎خَاتَم) according to the qirā’ah of ‘Āṣim
  • once as the noun khitām (خِتَـٰم), or khātam (خَاتَم) according to the qirā’ah of al-Kisā’ī[7][8]
  • once as the passive participle makhtūm (مَختُوم)[9]



This post first appeared on Dua Wazaif Selection, please read the originial post: here

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