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Running JupyterHub on and off campus Architectural Scenarios

Dedicated Hardware Environments for hosting JupyterHub

On premise – Own Maintain, secure and Operate the services


JupyterHub can be installed with pip (and the proxy with npm) or conda:

pip, npm:

python3 -m pip install jupyterhub
npm install -g configurable-http-proxy
python3 -m pip install notebook  # needed if running the notebook servers locally

conda (one command installs jupyterhub and proxy):

conda install -c conda-forge jupyterhub  # installs jupyterhub and proxy
conda install notebook  # needed if running the notebook servers locally

Test your installation. If installed, these commands should return the packages' help contents:

jupyterhub -h
configurable-http-proxy -h

Start the Hub server¶

To start the Hub server, run the command:


Visit https://localhost:8000 in your browser, and sign in with your unix credentials.

To allow multiple users to sign in to the Hub server, you must start jupyterhub as a privileged user, such as root:

sudo jupyterhub

Using Containers

Starting JupyterHub with docker¶

The JupyterHub docker image can be started with the following command:

docker run -d --name jupyterhub jupyterhub/jupyterhub jupyterhub

This command will create a container named jupyterhub that you can stop and resume with docker stop/start.

The Hub service will be listening on all interfaces at port 8000, which makes this a good choice for testing JupyterHub on your desktop or laptop.

If you want to run docker on a computer that has a public IP then you should (as in MUST) secure it with ssl by adding ssl options to your docker configuration or using a ssl enabled proxy.

Mounting volumes will allow you to store data outside the docker image (host system) so it will be persistent, even when you start a new image.

The command docker exec -it jupyterhub bash will spawn a root shell in your docker container. You can use the root shell to create system users in the container. These accounts will be used for authentication in JupyterHub’s default configuration.


Cloud Hybrid approach to implementing Jupyterhub and Data Science Virtual Machine

A new understanding of the world through grassroots Data Science education at UC Berkeley. In an effort to empower more data-driven thinking, Microsoft is working with U.C. Berkeley to help realize its vision of giving every undergraduate easy access to the university’s Data Science Education Program.

To succeed, the program had to be accessible to 1000+ students beyond the realm of computer science. One way the program does this is through a flexible and scalable technology infrastructure that enables students to quickly set up labs for hands-on practice—they don’t have to spend time installing programs or learning nuances of complicated applications.

‘By hosting it in Azure, we can control the environment Students just log in and they’re ready to go.’

- Ryan Lovett, Systems Manager for the Department of Statistics at UC Berkeley.

Remote desktop in Azure Infrastructure as Service (IaaS) Data Science Virtual Machine Windows or Linux

•Azure Remote Desktop domain-joined VMs can be deployed against AAD Domain Services domains

•Users simply SSH or RDP into servers

•Data Science VM comes preinstalled with Jupyter and JupyterHub

•Known issue: Remote Desktop licensing service does not work – no license reporting

•Workaround: Track per-user licensing separately (out-of-band)

Setup Documentation


•Joining an Ubuntu Data Science VM to AD

•Joining CentOS Data Science VM to AD

•Joining Windows Data Science VM, to AD

Application level security:

Jupyter Hub application uses a web-form to collect user credentials and authenticates users via LDAP bind to the directory.

•This application can be migrated & deployed in Azure VMs.

•End-users sign in using their existing corporate credentials.

•The app is deployed in Azure, transparent to end-users.

Setup Documentation


Applications that use Windows Integrated Authentication

An application uses an AD service account for its web front-end to authenticate access to a backend server.

•Deployed in Azure VMs.

•You can create custom OUs & provision service accounts within those OUs.

•You can assign custom password policies (eg. password-never-expires) to service accounts.

GMSAs (Group Managed Service Accounts) work as well.

Fully Cloud Hosted Solution

No maintenance, installation, patching or support requirements

As the pace of global innovation continues to accelerate, the University of Cambridge is evolving engineering curriculum to teach core concepts faster using higher level, open source tools in the public cloud. For example, a professor increased learning in an introductory computing class by having students use Microsoft Azure Notebooks, which allows them to spend more time mastering concepts and enhancing problem solving skills and less time on language syntax. This technology switch also gives students anytime, anywhere access to required tools needed to complete assignments, and it facilitates greater collaboration between professors, students, and the larger community. In addition, after Cambridge adopted a public cloud solution, IT infrastructure doesn’t limit the ingenuity of bright minds.

‘By using Azure Notebooks, students aren’t hindered by installation issues. They can just start working straight away. All they need is a decent browser and an Internet connection.’

- Dr. Garth Wells, Hibbit Reader in Solid Mechanics, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge

Azure Notebooks use Windows Integrated Authentication using O365 or MSA user accounts

Jupyter notebooks to write Python 2, Python 3, R and F# code interactively

Network: Your code can access Azure, github, PyPI, CRAN, OneDrive, DropBox and Google Drive

Memory is limited to 4Gb

Storage: We reserve the right to remove your data from our storage after 60 days of inactivity to avoid storing unused/abandoned user data

Usage should be limited to learning, research, general computing, etc. and must abide by the Microsoft Azure Terms of Use ee

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Running JupyterHub on and off campus Architectural Scenarios


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