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How to create directory in Java

To create a Directory in Java, just use the mkdir or mkdirs methods of the Java File class. you can see in below example, both methods (mkdir and mkdirs) return a boolean value indicating whether the directories were created successfully. You'll want to include your own logic in the if/then tests that are shown after the mkdir and mkdirs method calls.

How to create directory in Java

To create a directory in Java, uses the following code:

Method-1 Using Standard Java IO package – java.io.File
  • If you require to create single folder or directory in java application, refer the below java code :
new File("C:\\file1").mkdir();
  • if you require to create multiple folder in nested order. For example here we are creating file2 folder inside that we are creating sub directory Sub1 and Sub2.
new File("C:\\file2\\Sub1\\Sub2").mkdirs()

Method-2 : For JDK 7, try Java NIO package – java.nio.file.Paths and java.nio.file.Files
Path path = Paths.get("C:\\File1");
Files.createDirectories(path);

Let see the complete examples :

Java IO Example

A classic Java IO directory example, check if directory exists, if no, then create it.
import java.io.File;

public class CreateDirectoryExample {

public static void main(String[] args) {

File file = new File("C:\\File1");
if (!file.exists()) {
if (file.mkdir()) {
System.out.println("Directory is created!");
} else {
System.out.println("Failed to create directory!");
}
}

File files = new File("C:\\File2\\Sub2\\Sub-Sub2");
if (!files.exists()) {
if (files.mkdirs()) {
System.out.println("Multiple directories are created!");
} else {
System.out.println("Failed to create multiple directories!");
}
}

}

}

Java NIO Example

Java NIO classes are added in JDK 7.
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

public class CreateDirectoryExample {
public static void main(String[] args) {

Path path = Paths.get("C:\\Directory2\\Sub2\\Sub-Sub2");
//if directory exists?
if (!Files.exists(path)) {
try {
Files.createDirectories(path);
} catch (IOException e) {
//fail to create directory
e
.printStackTrace();
}
}

}

}

If a directory is failing to create, IOException will be thrown, for example
java.nio.file.AccessDeniedException: /directory-name
at sun
.nio.fs.UnixException.translateToIOException(UnixException.java:84)
at sun
.nio.fs.UnixException.rethrowAsIOException(UnixException.java:102)
at sun
.nio.fs.UnixException.rethrowAsIOException(UnixException.java:107)
at sun
.nio.fs.UnixFileSystemProvider.createDirectory(UnixFileSystemProvider.java:384)
at java
.nio.file.Files.createDirectory(Files.java:674)
at java
.nio.file.Files.createAndCheckIsDirectory(Files.java:781)
at java
.nio.file.Files.createDirectories(Files.java:767)

Thank you for reading this article, and if you have any problem, have a another better useful solution about this article, please write message in the comment section.





This post first appeared on Learn Programming, please read the originial post: here

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How to create directory in Java

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