Biopesticides are substances that are derived from naturally occurring materials such as plants, micro-organisms and even certain minerals which are termed as a biochemical pesticide. The Biopesticides work through controlling diseases and pests by a broad spectrum approach. Biopesticides are also involved in selective approaches when the need comes. These are replacing traditional pesticides from the market owing to their non-toxic quality and target specific approach thereby increasing the size of biopesticides market. Unlike, conventional pesticides which can even harm birds, farm animals, and human beings, the bio-pesticides target only the specific pests that cause harm to the crop.
Different types of Biopesticides are microbial, bio derived chemicals, plant-incorporated-protectants (PIPS) and RNAi. PIPS come from other species like GM crops are controversial in many countries. RNAi (RNA interference) are used as topical and some are absorbed by the crops. Biopesticides have no active function in photosynthesis or other aspects of the plant biology they work solely to kills pests, these are also bio-degradable and economical for practical use.
Biopesticides are beneficial to both the farmers and the environment. They are usually inherently less toxic than conventional pesticides, they are comparatively cheaper and effective decompose well enough to warrant to leave a less if any harmful residues, have considerably smaller impact on non-targeted species and can greatly reduce the use of conventional pesticides while also promising a high crop yield.
Biopesticides market is set to grow being driven by the high occurrence of crop diseases and increasing demand for organic products, in both developed and developing countries. Numerous research centres all over the world are taking countless initiatives to improve techniques for the amplification and application of biopesticides. The market is driven by the extraordinary progress of the biotech industry.
A major growth area for biopesticides is in seed treatment and soil amendment as they offer a much better environment for the crops to grow in. They can be used to fight internal seed borne fungal diseases and those that arise on the surface too. The only downside to these environment-friendly pesticides is they have a sluggish speed of action (slow but steady) and their efficacy is also in question given both biotic and biotic factors are involved in their working.
Biopesticides are relatively new to in the agriculture scene and there can be unintended consequences since they haven’t been widely tested given agriculture is a long study and their lethal and non-lethal risks need to be documented thoroughly. With growing awareness among consumers regarding the harmful effects of pesticides, they have started to question and demand safer alternatives. Farmers globally are also slowly phasing out the use of conventional harmful methods and growing more attentive to their consumer’s choices, which is a great news for the biopesticides market.
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