Get Even More Visitors To Your Blog, Upgrade To A Business Listing >>

The Karbala

In the name of God, the beneficent the merciful

Think not of those who are slain in God's way as dead. Nay, they live,

finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord.

Holy Quran (3:169)

T

he events of Karbala reflect the collision of the good versus the evil, the virtuous versus the wicked, and the collision

of Imam Hussain (the head of virtue) versus Yazid (the head of impiety). Imam Hussain (pbuh) was a revolutionary

person, a righteous man, the religious authority, the Imam of Muslim Ummah (nation). As the representative of his

grandfather Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Imam Hussain's main concern was to safeguard and protect Islam and guide

fellow Muslims. On the other hand, the staying power of the rulers (Muawiya and his son Yazid) depended solely on the

might of the sword. They used brute force to rule over the Muslim empire even by all possible illicit means.

The mission of Imam Hussain (pbuh) is distinctly unique, political and religious revolutionary movement in the history

of World. His was a tremendous undertaking which still reverberates throughout the Muslim nation. He has been a propelling

force and a seminal element in events throughout Islamic history, particularly in the sphere of Jihad (the holy

struggle in the way of Almighty God). Imam Hussain's example has remained vividly alive for generations and centuries.

His uprising, movement and ideals still have a deep impact on the conscience and awareness of the Muslim empire.

The Holy Prophet (pbuh) is reported to have said: "The best of Jihad is that of a word of right spoken to an unjust ruler."

Imam Hussain (pbuh) witnessed the deteriorating political and social situation and clearly recognized that the general

policy of the authorities did not abide with Islamic principles. He was aware of the Ummah's numerous and painful afflictions,

and was determined to exercise his religious duty, being the duly sanctioned leader & central figure capable of

restoring Islamic values. Thus he rose. His revolt is rich in lessons and divinely inspired attitudes. Imam Hussain (pbuh)

embodied the sacrifice of self, money, family, social status and the challenge to terror and cruelty. He patiently traversed

hundreds of miles, moving both night and day. The epic protest he engendered came at the most critical political juncture.

In fact, the Prophet's grandson had vowed to sacrifice himself.

Thus, Karbala proved to be a clash involving Islamic truths versus falsehood, belief versus disbelief, and the oppressed

versus the oppressor, faith against brute force. Karbala was about standing in the face of oppression, regardless no matter

the cost. In Karbala, Imam Hussain the fifty seven year old second grandson of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), sacrificed

his totality and all he had, for one goal. This goal was to let the truth triumph over falsehood eventually, and he did that

brilliantly. His goal was to foil the plan that Muawiya had expertly developed for his son, Yazid, which was to establish a

permanent Umayyads (Banu Umayya) ruler ship over the Muslim Ummah (even by sacrificing the Islamic principles), but

doing it in the name of Islam. Brilliantly, Imam Hussain (pbuh) succeeded in foiling this plan and he exposed the disreputable

nature of Umayyads though this was at the expense of his life.

Eventually he was martyred along with his sons, most of his household and all of his companions. The bodies were mutilated

and their heads were carried from Karbala, to Kufa and finally Damascus. His womenfolk were taken prisoners and

marched across the desert. He himself was expecting all that, but did not budge an inch.

An uprising led by the noblest and best accepted personality in the entire Ummah, is certainly one which is uniquely distinguished

as a movement abounding with spiritual, moral and religious ideals. Due to the importance of this personality,

we are honored to present this concise, well documented book to our readers. Hereunder are related the most outstanding

incidents of the dynamic Hussaini movement, which stands unequalled in its greatness and fills pages upon pages of

history.

Such a sublime revolution has to be studied, dissected and fully understood. Lessons should be drawn from it. Here we

note that the backward and downtrodden nations must one day follow in the footsteps of Imam Hussain (pbuh) if they

are to challenge the despots.

We beseech the Most High and Almighty God to make this volume of enduring benefit to our esteemed readers and to help

us in disseminating benevolence and guidance. He is the Hearing and Answering.

Wassalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmutallahi Wa Barkatahu

1 ~ islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA

Introduction and References

Karbala garden of swords, blood and inspiration for innumerable pens.

Karbala is the word of right…the hymn on the lips of time.

Karbala is a poem…a rhyme of anguish and pain.

Karbala never passes away. Its sun never sets in the horizon of history. Its anguish can never be

effaced from the conscience of freemen by the collective conspiracy of tyrants.

At Karbala clouds of blood rained and generations of martyrs and revolutionaries took root and

sprouted. The sound of the fearless voice of Imam Hussain (pbuh) still echoes in the valley of Karbala,

ringing in the ears of time. It is a hurricane that chafes and shakes the tyrants. It is a volcano of blood,

violently jolting the despots' thrones. It awakens free consciences and stirs within man the spirit of

revolution and Jihad. His voice is still echoing in the ears of mankind:

"By God, I will never give you my hand like a man

who has been humiliated, nor will I flee like a slave."

Who actually is Hussain? What is the background of this exceptionally unique and great personality?

This prominent man of history, the legend of epics, the word of pride and honor was no less the

Grandson of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) the son of his daughter Fatimah Zahra (pbuh) and her

cousin and husband the Commander of the Faithful, Ali son of Abu Talib son of Abdul Mutalib son of

Hashim.

Hence the only fact remains: There never was a Hussain before him, there has been none after him.

The object of this work is only to present with extreme brevity the great historic event of the matchless

sacrifice of the King of Martyrs Imam Hussain (pbuh), in the seed of Abraham (pbuh) through

the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), offered to save the Truth and humanity from getting lost to

falsehood forever, for the apostleship had been concluded with the revelation of the Holy Quran, the

Final Word of God. If anything had to be done or could be done, to save the Truth, it was only through

the Imamate which was destined to do it, and Imam Hussain was the divinely chosen one for it.

Most of the matter for this book is taken from the below mentioned books. For further reading in

greater depth, you may also refer to the same below mentioned books.

1. 'Ashura - Misrepresentations and Distortions By: Martyr Mutahhari

2. The story of the children of Muslim Ibne Aqeel By: Husayn Sabouri

3. Imam Husaein and The Day of Ashura From: Al-Huda Foundation

4. Introduction to Islam By: Sayyed Mojtaba Musavi Lari

5. Husain The Saviour of Islam By: S.V. Mir Ahmed Ali

6. Towards Karbala By: Ayatollah Mohammmad Yazdi

7. Imam Husain's Revolution By: Hadi Al-Modaresi

8. Understanding Karbala By: Siddiqa Juma

9. Al-Hussain: a children cartoon book

Akramulla Syed

http://www.islamicoccasions.com

email: [email protected]

Thursday, May 19, 2005 (10 Rabi Al-Thani 1426)

islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA ~ 2

3 ~ islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA

01. Introduction and References ........................................................................................................................................................................2

02. Islam the Universal Religion for Mankind ...............................................................................................................................................4

03. To Destroy Islam is to Destroy Humanity ................................................................................................................................................4

04. Lineage or Family Tree ..................................................................................................................................................................................5

05. The Nearest Ancestry of the Promised Prophet (pbuh) ...........................................................................................................................6

06. Conspiracy to Assassinate the Holy Prophet (pbuh) ...............................................................................................................................6

07. Beginning of Hijra Calendar ........................................................................................................................................................................6

08. Parents of Imam Hussain/Abu Abd Allah (pbuh) ...................................................................................................................................8

09. The Funeral of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) ...................................................................................................................................................8

10. History repeats itself ......................................................................................................................................................................................8

11. The Love of the World - Maddens Man .....................................................................................................................................................9

12. Karbala's Foundation laid .............................................................................................................................................................................9

13. The Caliphate thrust upon Imam Ali (pbuh) ............................................................................................................................................9

14. Imam Hassan (pbuh) become the Caliph ................................................................................................................................................11

15. Imam Hassan's Body shot at ......................................................................................................................................................................12

16. Yazid succeeded the Caliph at Damascus ................................................................................................................................................12

17. The Call from the Governor .......................................................................................................................................................................12

18. Situation demanded another 'Muhammad' to rescue the faith ...........................................................................................................13

19. Imam Hussain (pbuh) decides to leave Madina ....................................................................................................................................13

20. Muslim son of Aqeel - the Holy Imam's Deputy to Kufa .....................................................................................................................16

21. Son of Aqeel sends out His Children with Message to the Imam ......................................................................................................17

22. Muslim son of Aqeel Arrested and Martyred ........................................................................................................................................17

23. Children of Muslim son of Aqeel Martyred ...........................................................................................................................................19

24. No Refuge for the Holy Imam Even in the Holy Kaaba .......................................................................................................................21

25. Imam Hussain's Sermon at Mina ..............................................................................................................................................................21

26. Imam Hussain saves the Sanctity of the Great Sanctuary ....................................................................................................................23

27. Important stops on Imam Journey and complete Route .......................................................................................................................24

28. The Prophesied Desert of Karbala ............................................................................................................................................................28

29. Imam Hussain (pbuh) purchases the site for the Graves ......................................................................................................................28

30. Arrival of Yazid's Forces .............................................................................................................................................................................29

31. No room for any criticism left ....................................................................................................................................................................29

32. Imam Hussain (pbuh) besieged at Karbala .............................................................................................................................................30

33. Water supply to Imam Hussain's camp cut off ......................................................................................................................................30

34. Enemy decides to attack ..............................................................................................................................................................................30

35. The Holy Imam and Umar son of Saad confer .......................................................................................................................................31

36. The night before the tenth Muharram .....................................................................................................................................................31

37. The final shifting ..........................................................................................................................................................................................32

38. Abbas the Brave, Guard the Camp ...........................................................................................................................................................34

39. The night in the Yazidian Camp ...............................................................................................................................................................34

40. The Holy Imam's last prayer with his devotees on Earth .....................................................................................................................35

41. Graphical representation of Karbala ........................................................................................................................................................35

42. Sermon of the Holy Imam on the day of Ashura ...................................................................................................................................36

43. Hurr joins the Holy Imam ..........................................................................................................................................................................37

44. The Battle of Truth against Falsehood .....................................................................................................................................................38

45. Wahab and his Family .................................................................................................................................................................................39

46. Salat al-Khawf/Prayer of Fear ....................................................................................................................................................................40

47. Aun and Muhammad ...................................................................................................................................................................................40

48. Qasim son of Imam Hassan (pbuh) ..........................................................................................................................................................41

49. Abu al-Fadl Abbas - The Standard Bearer/Flagman ..............................................................................................................................42

50. The Hashimite Prince Ali Akbar's Martyrdom ......................................................................................................................................44

51. Baby Ali Asgher (Abd Allah) comes into Battlefield .............................................................................................................................45

52. The parting advice to Zainab and Kulthoom ..........................................................................................................................................46

53. Hussain hands over the charge of the Imamate .....................................................................................................................................47

54. The last call of the Holy Imam in the way of the lord ...........................................................................................................................47

55. Imam Hussain in the Battlefield to offer the greatest sacrifice ...........................................................................................................48

56. The unique unparalleled prayer (Namaz) ...............................................................................................................................................49

57. Shaam-e-Gareeba, the night of homeless ................................................................................................................................................52

58. Attention of Zainab towards Zainul Abideen during the Journey .....................................................................................................53

59. Ahlul Bayt (pbut) in the Court of Yazid ..................................................................................................................................................54

60. Speech of Zainab (pbuh) in the Court of Yazid .....................................................................................................................................55

61. Speech of Imam Zainul Abideen (pbuh) in the Court of Yazid...........................................................................................................56

62. Demise of Sakina (pbuh) ............................................................................................................................................................................57

63. Our Responsibility and Mission ...............................................................................................................................................................61

64. Imam Hussain (pbuh) in the Holy Quran................................................................................................................................................63

Table of Contents

Islam the Universal Religion for Mankind

T

he conception of God in Islam (religion of peace) is unique in

its strict Unitarian aspect. The jurisdiction of God, is not

restricted or limited to any section of humanity or to any part

of the world. God according to Islam is the 'Rabbul-Aalameen' (i.e.,

The Lord of the Worlds or the Absolute Monarch of the whole

Universe). Also the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), the Last

Apostle of God was not to guide any particular tribe, community or

any part of the human race, but for mankind as a whole, and the

religion Islam was revealed to be current for all times until the Day

of Judgment. The Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had been sent

as the 'Rahmatunlil Aalameen' (i.e., The Mercy unto the Worlds or

the Universe).

"And We have not sent you but as a mercy to the worlds."

Holy Quran (21:107)

The religion preached by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh),

was the divinely perfected code of discipline for human life on

earth, it was named Islam and was prescribed for the human race

for all times till the end of the world.

"This day have I perfected your religion for you,

completed My favor upon you, and have chosen

for you Islam as your religion."

Holy Quran (5:3)

To Destroy Islam is to Destroy Humanity

Islam is the divinely revealed religion for the whole human race, as the only religion acceptable to

Almighty God.

"If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to God), never will it be

accepted of him; and in the Hereafter He will be in the ranks of those who have lost (All

spiritual good)."

Holy Quran (3:85)

None but the Devil alone would aim to destroy or corrupt it, and the one who aims to do it, would be

the worst enemy of mankind. He would naturally be the devil in human form. And the one, who saves

the religion from being destroyed or getting corrupted, would undoubtedly be the Greatest Benefactor

and the Savior of Truth and humanity as a whole. It has been clearly announced by the Lord in the

Holy Quran that the one who saves a single human life, has saved humanity as a whole.

"Whosoever killed a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the

earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and whoso saved the life of one, it shall

be as if he had saved the life of all mankind."

Holy Quran (5:32)

"Do not say what you do not understand, because most of the Right is in what you deny. Accept

the argument of one against whom you have no argument."

(Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 17)

islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA ~ 4

5 ~ islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA

Adam

Noah

Tarak

Abraham

Ishmael

Abd Manaf

Amr/Hashim Mutalib Naufal

Abdush Shams

Abdul Mutalib

Abdullah Abu Talib Abu Lahab

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Fatima (pbuh) Imam Ali (pbuh) Aqeel

Abdullah Muslim

Muhammad Ibraheem

Imam Hassan (pbuh) Imam Hussain (pbuh) Zainab (pbuh) Kulthoom (pbuh)

Qasim

Aun Muhammad

Imam Sajjad (pbuh) Ali Akbar Sakina Ali Asgher

Imam Baqir (pbuh)

Fatima/Ummul Banin

Abbas Abdulla Ja'far Uthman

Abbas

Yazid

Muawiya

Harb/Abu Sufyan

Sakhr

Umayya,

Adopted son

Hamza

Ja'far

As well as some of the names mentioned above, other members of the Prophet's family also fought in the battle of Karbala.

Farwa Shahr Banu Laila Rubab

The Nearest Ancestry of the Promised Prophet (pbuh)

T

he Quraishites (tribe of Quraish) were the direct descendants of Prophet Abraham through

Prophet Ishmael, and Abd Manaf. Abdush Shams and Hashim were the twin issues of Abd

Manaf. The children of Hashim through his son Abdul Mutalib were called the

'Hashimites/Banu Hashim' (tribe of Hashim). Abdush Shams had adopted a clever, crafty and active

Roman slave boy Umayya, whom Abd Manaf had purchased and presented to his son Abdush Shams.

However, the issues of Umayya become known as the 'Umayyads/Banu Umayya' (tribe of Umayya).

Abd Manaf, before his death, had handed over the charge of his privileged hereditary duties of service

to the House of God, the 'Holy Kaaba' to Hashim his eldest son who was very noble by nature and

godly in temperament. This aggravated the hatred, jealousy and animosity of Umayya whose tendency

continued as a personality trait from generation to generation in his seed. Much fuel was added to

the already burning fire of envy and enmity of the Umayyads when Abdul Mutalib, miraculously discovered

the natural spring-well of 'Zamzam' which lay hidden and unknown to any one, for ages

together. Umayya became angry and started being very rude towards Hashimites. When the elders of

the tribe saw this, they decided that he should not be allowed to remain in Makkah, and was therefore

sent to Syria. This was the beginning of the hatred of the Umayyads towards the Hashimites,

which eventually led to the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (pbuh).

Hashim was the Great Grandfather of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and that is why the families of the

Prophet are known as the Hashimites. The Hashimites were good, noble and gentle, while the

Umayyads were wicked, mean and aggressive. The Hashimites held the Trusteeship and the Custody

of the Kaaba, which was the most coveted and unique honor enjoyed exclusively by the Hashimites.

The Umayyads envied this the most, and could not bear it. While the charitable disposition of the

Hashimites could not allow the hoarding of any personal wealth, the selfishness and niggardliness of

the Umayyads had enabled them to store abundant wealth which had made the Umayyads ever more

haughty and proud against the noble, the gentle and the meek ones of the Hashimites.

Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) started preaching to the people of Makkah at the age of forty (40)

years. If anyone goes through the life of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), he will not be able to

resist shedding tears for the tortures, the miseries and calamities which the great godly soul suffered

at the hands of the people. Any intelligent reader would find that all the sufferings which every one of

the preceding apostles of God had suffered, had been inflicted on the Last Apostle of the Lord, along

with other additional tortures and miseries which none else had ever experienced and he suffered all

the calamities with ideal patience, matchless fortitude, unparalleled steadfastness and unshakable

determination to fulfill the covenant established with the Lord.

Conspiracy to Assassinate the Holy Prophet (pbuh)

T

he Makkan's alarmed at the growing impact of Islam and their abject helplessness to contain its

radiant rays conspired to assassinate the Holy Prophet. Moreover, the death of Abu Talib that

devoted guardian of infant Islam, had removed an obstacle from their path, embodying the

haughty ignorant to plot Muhammad's (pbuh) assassination.

Beginning of Hijra Calendar

A

s per the command of Almighty God, the Holy Prophet migrated to Medina at the age of fifty

three (53) years. This epoch-making night which marked a turning point in the message of

Islam, also marks the start of the Muslim Lunar Calendar (Hijra).

islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA ~ 6

Parents of Imam Hussain/Abu Abd Allah (pbuh)

I

n the second (2) year of Hijra, the Prophet's cousin, Imam Ali (pbuh) married the Prophet's

daughter Fatima; the Lady of Light (pbuh) in the simplest possible manner. A divine lady like

Fatima (pbuh) could not have been the wife of any ordinary man, and more particularly when she

was destined to provide the Divine Plan with the godly characters suitable to be the Universal Guides

to mankind as a whole. They had four children, Imam Hassan, Imam Hussain, Zainab and Kulthoom.

Imam Hussain (pbuh) was born on the 3rd of Shabaan in the fourth (4) year of Hijra. The Holy

Prophet (pbuh) came to Fatima (pbuh) and taking the baby in his lap, mysteriously placed his tongue

in the mouth of the baby, and the baby began sucking it and thus the Holy child was first fed by the

Saliva of the Apostle of God, as the first sustenance of his Holy body in this world. After giving the

Holy baby the first feeding by his Saliva, the Holy Prophet (pbuh) said:

"Hussainun minni wa ana minal Hussain (Hussain is of me and I am of Hussain)."

The Holy Prophet (pbuh) loved all his grand children very much. One day, when he was in prostrate

(Sajdah) while praying in the mosque, Imam Hussain (pbuh) climbed on his back. The Holy Prophet

remained in prostrate until Imam Hussain came down by himself.

The Holy Prophet (pbuh) used to carry Imam Hussain (pbuh) and his elder brother Imam Hassan

(pbuh) in his arms and declare expansively in front of his companions.

"O God, I love them and love those who love them."

The Holy Prophet (pbuh) expressed his deeply felt love for Imam Hassan (pbuh) and Imam Hussain

(pbuh) in these words:

"These two sons of mine are my two plants of sweet basil in this world." "Whoever loves

Hassan and Hussain then he loves me and whoever dislikes them he dislikes me."

Also, said that both

"Hassan and Hussain are the chiefs of the youth of paradise."

The Funeral of the Holy Prophet (pbuh)

T

hose of the companions, who were turned out by the Holy Prophet (pbuh) from his presence,

got busy in the Saqeefa and did not return until he was buried. When the Holy Prophet passed

away at the age of sixty three (63) years on 28th Safar (11 Hijra), Imam Ali assisted by his pupil

son of Abbas and the other Hashimites, attended to the last rites to the Holiest one of God's creations

and the grief of Fatima moved the hearts of those present there.

History says that Abu Bakr, Omar and the other companions being busy at the Saqeefa, could not

attend the funeral of the Holy Prophet (pbuh).

History repeats itself

The dealings of the wicked ones with the men of God particularly the Apostles had been identical in

all ages. The Holy Prophet had already prophesied that all that happened among the people of the

ancient Apostles particularly the people of Moses in the Israelites will happen among his followers.

islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA ~ 8

Moses was absent for only about forty (40) days and his people revolted against his Deputy Aaron and

followed the Samiri and started worshipping the Calf. Jesus was betrayed by his own disciples and

was handed over to be crucified. The Last Apostle of God similarly suffered an identical desertion by

his people even before his last breathing.

The Love of the World - Maddens Man

V

ery recently (April 8, 2005) when Pope John Paul II was to be buried, almost all the Paramount

Powers in the world sent their representatives (Presidents, prime ministers and kings) to attend

the funeral as a token of their regard and human sympathy, plus millions joined to bid an emotional

farewell. But when the Prince of the Prophets, the Last Apostle of God, who was divinely sent

to rule over the human hearts and the human affairs on earth and who was also the Godly ruler of the

state, had not even breathed his last, the people who called themselves his followers and claimed to

be his close companions left him away to assert and establish their respective contentions about their

claims to rule the state in the place of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and returned only when

he had left this world and was buried.

Thus in the love of the world the people left away even the Apostle of God unshrouded. This is the

worst record of the madness of man for the material world. The paradox is that yet man claims himself

to be the lover of God, the lover of the Apostles of God and the lover of Godliness.

Karbala's Foundation laid

T

he events of history give out a clear verdict that the series of the sufferings, the miseries and the

calamities inflicted on the Ahlul Bayt, which culminated at one stage in the wholesale massacre

of the Holy Imam Hussain and his faithful devotees at Karbala, and the misfortunes and the

assassinations of the other Imams and their families and their devotees, which thereafter followed up

to the eleventh Imam Hasan Al-Askari, was inaugurated at the Saqeefa. Had the people remembered

the repeated declarations about Imam Ali, and his Ahlul Bayt, the world would never have witnessed

the hideous scenes of the sufferings and the massacre of the Holy ones; on the other hand, today the

world would have been ruled by the men of God, and humanity had enjoyed the Godly kingdom on

earth, and the human race by this time would have been united under one single brotherhood which

was inaugurated by the Holy Prophet at Madina.

The Caliphate thrust upon Imam Ali (pbuh)

After the death of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), the Caliphs (leader of the Muslims) are:

1. Abu Bakr for 2 years and 4 months

2. Omar for 10 years and 6 months

3. Othman for 11 years and 11 months

T

he Third (3) Caliphate ended in chaos, turmoil and the murder of the Caliph Othman. There was

unrest among the people all over the empire. Muawiya the governor of Syria appointed by second

Caliph Omar took full advantage of the patronage of the Umayyads by the third Caliph and

had established himself strongly at Damascus and had made the place a stronghold of his own.

An amazing situation was created that the Caliphate after which people ran and for which there was

so much of dispute and tension, now was running after Imam Ali imploring him to accept it. There

9 ~ islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA

was no question of any election, nomination or cooptation now; the whole nation was now at Imam

Ali's door, imploring him to be gracious enough to accept their Caliphate. Imam Ali repeatedly

refused by saying

"The world is a corpse and its seekers are dogs." But the public as a whole

would not accept any excuse from him. Then Imam Ali said: "If you excuse me and elect another,

whomsoever you may think fit to choose, I shall most submissively yield obedience to him, if not, and

I must comply with your wish to accept the offer, I must say frankly at the outset that I shall conduct

the administration quite independently and I shall deal with all of you according to the Holy Book of

the Lord and to the best of knowledge and Judgment."

The people unhesitatingly and unanimously assented to the condition and gladly extended their

hands in token of their fealty to Imam Ali, but he refused to accept their assent unless it should be in

public, in order that none might have any doubt about the offer being from the people and none might

have any cause to grumble thereafter.

The next day, the Mosque of the Holy Prophet was so fully packed that none could cross through the

crowd and the multitude of those who could not get into the Mosque were thronging around the holy

edifice to hear about Imam Ali's consent to their offer and last of them all, arrived the Vicegerent of

the Holy Prophet and mounting the pulpit making plain and clear to everyone, his condition for

accepting the offer, assented to it. People, who on the previous occasions were running away from

paying their fealty to the Caliphate and who had to be forced, coerced, threatened, encouraged and

purchased to pay it, now were rushing to have the honor of kissing the holy hand of Imam Ali (pbuh).

Imam Ali (pbuh) became the Caliph at the age of fifty seven (57) years, and remained Caliph for next

4 years and 9 months. During this period he fought three battles, first against Ayesha the daughter of

the first Caliph Abu Bakr, and the widow of the Holy Prophet (pbuh), Talha and Zubayr at Basra called

as Jung-e-Jamal (Battle of Camel) in 36 Hijra. After returning from this battle, Imam Ali (pbuh)

transfer the capital of his government to Kufa from Madina because it was more centrally placed in

the Muslim Empire, and he could halt Muawiya's progress into Iraq. Second battle is against Muawiya

son of Abu Sufyan the Arch-enemy of Islam and the great grandson of Umayya, at Siffin, near the

banks of river Euphrates. Muawiya's army took over the river Euphrates and stopped the army of

Imam Ali (pbuh) from getting any water. Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain who were now young

men, led a group of fighters and got back the control of the river from the enemy. Imam Ali allowed

everyone to use the river including the enemies. It was on this same river twenty three (23) years later

that Imam Hussain fought his final battle for the sake of saving Islam.

After the unsatisfactory conclusion to the Battle of Siffin, which ended in arbitration, Imam Ali (pbuh)

returned with his army back to Kufa on 37 Hijra. During the march, a group of tweleve thousand

(12,000) men kept themselves at a distance from the main part of the army. These were the Kharjites

(Kharjite means one who rebels against religion). Ultimately Imam Ali (pbuh) fought the third battle

against Kharjites at Nahrawan. This battle took place on the 38 Hijra. In the midst of all this, bloody

fighting and political struggle, the Kharjites laid plans to assassinate 'Muawiya son of Abu Sufyan',

'Amru son of Al-Aas' and 'Imam Ali son of Abu Talib'. Two years later, the plot against history and

humanity was carried out by 'Abdur Rahman son of Muljim'. He martyred the Commander of the

Faithful 'Ali son of Abu Talib' by striking his head with a poisoned sword, during the dawn prayer at

Kufa Mosque, on the 19th day of the month of Ramadan in the year 40 Hijra. Imam Ali (pbuh)

attained martyrdom on the 21st day of the same month, at the age of sixty three (63) years.

"Even if Almighty God had not scared us from the punishment for our disobedience, then

also the gratefulness towards his bounties should prevent us from disobeying him."

(Nahjul Balagha, Saying 290)

islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA ~ 10

Imam Hassan (pbuh) become the Caliph

A

fter the martyrdom of Imam Ali (pbuh), Imam Hassan (pbuh) his elder son was chosen by the

people of Kufa as their Caliph. The election of Imam Hassan as the next Caliph was a thorn in

the heart of Muawiya. His propaganda machine against the House of Imam Ali, in fact against

Islam, began its work in earnest. Large sums of money and fraudulent promises of vast properties and

governorships of provinces were given to many commanders of Imam Hassan's army who left Imam

Hassan without much power. Thus, Imam Hassan was forced to accept a treaty with Muawiya in order

to save Islam. It was therefore the hallmark of Imam Hassan's life that making peace was his share in

the same manner as the Holy Prophet of Islam did in Hudaibiya. The salient points of the treaty are:

1. Muawiya should rule strictly according to the Holy Quran and the Sunna of Holy Prophet.

2. Muawiya should not appoint or nominate anyone to the Caliphate after him but that

choice should be left to the Muslims.

3. The people should be left in peace, wherever they are in the land of God.

4. The persecution of the companions of Imam Ali should immediately be stopped;

their lives, properties and families guaranteed safe conduct and peace.

5. The cursing of Imam Ali from the pulpit should stop immediately.

6. No harm should be done secretly or openly against Imam Hassan and his younger brother

Imam Hussain or any of the Ahlul Bayt (pbut).

Thus the rightly guided Caliphate came to an end with the abandonment of the Caliphate by Imam

Hassan (pbuh). He returned to Madina after administering the people's affairs, following the martyrdom

of his father, Imam Ali (pbuh), for a period of six (6) months.

History tells us that from day one Muawiya did not comply with any one of the terms of the treaty

agreed upon between him and Imam Hassan. He trampled the treaty under his feet saying to the people

of Kufa, "do you think I have taken power to teach you about Islam. No, I have taken power for

the sake of it and if any one of you tries to disagree with me shall pay a costly price of losing his head."

Muawiya carried out his ambition of keeping the power in his family by nominating his son Yazid after

him as the ruler of the Kingdom. This demanded that Imam Hassan should predecease him, an

unlikely event considering their discrepancy in their ages. Hence Muawiya bribed Ju'ada daughter of

Ash'ath (wife of Imam Hassan), to poison him. He also promised to marry her to his son Yazid and so

Ju'ada poisoned Imam Hassan in 50 Hijra. Imam Hassan died with the effect of poisoning on 28th of

the month of Safar, at the age of forty seven (47) years.

When Imam Hassan (pbuh) died, the followers of Imam from Iraq began to make plans. They wrote

to Imam Hussain (pbuh) concerning removing Muawiya and giving the pledge of allegiance to him.

However, he refused and chooses to abide by the treaty between Imam Hassan and Muawiya, which

he could not break until the period came to an end.

But the decision of nominating Yazid as the ruler, stirred widespread agitation among the faithful,

particularly amidst prominent personalities such as Imam Hussain son of Imam Ali (pbuh), Abdul-

Rahman son of Abu Bakr, Abdullah son of Omar, Abdullah son of Al-Zubayr and other well-known,

leading figures. Because, Muawiya was the first one to appoint his son to succeed him and the first

ever to do so during his life.

"The one, who recognizes himself, recognizes God."

(Gharar ul Hikam)

11 ~ islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA

Imam Hassan's Body shot at

As the funeral proceeded towards the grave of the

Holy Prophet, Some Umayyads mounted on horses

obstructed and Ayesha the daughter of the first

Caliph Abu Bakr appeared, mounting a mule,

shouting that the grave of the Holy Prophet was in

her house and she would not allow the grandson of

Ummul Momeneen Khadija to be buried beside the

Holy Prophet. With the shouts from Ayesha a shower

of arrows fell an the coffin. Imam Hussain in the

fulfillment of the last wish of his departed brother,

turned the procession of the funeral towards Baqi

and when the body was taken out of the coffin to be

laid to rest in the grave, Imam Hussain finding

some of the arrows which were showered at the coffin, had struck holy body of his martyred brother.

Yazid succeeded the Caliph at Damascus

After the death of Muawiya in 60 Hijra, Yazid succeeded his father to the throne. Imam Hussain was

then fifty seven years old. Yazid was known to be even worse than his father and represented a real

danger to the Islamic nation, for he was not a true Muslim. He was not properly educated with the

teachings of Islam. And he used to drink alcohol, gamble, and commit all other sins according to historic

sources. He said:

"Hashimites staged a play to obtain the Kingdom. Actually, there

was neither any news (from God) nor any revelation."

Such a man could not be entrusted

with the affairs of the nation.

The Call from the Governor

O

n receipt of the letter from Yazid, 'Al-Walid son of Utbah son of Abu Sufyan' the Governor of

Madina immediately called his servant (Abdullah son of Omer son of Uthman) and sent word

inviting Imam Hussain and Abdullah son of Al-Zubayr, to visit him. Imam Hussain and Son of

Al-Zubayr were in the Mosque at night time, when Walid's servant came to them with the message

inviting them to the Governor House. The moment Imam Hussain heard the call from the Governor;

he suddenly exclaimed that Muawiya had died.

In reply to the call Imam Hussain sent word to the Governor Walid saying, it was too late and he will

visit him the next morning.

The next day Imam Hussain accompanying around thirty (30) Hashimites courageous youths visited

the Governor, but reaching the entrance of the Governor's house, he told the Hashimites to stay at the

door watchful and if they hear Imam Hussain talking unusually aloud they may get in to him.

Walid received Holy Imam with all respect and regard. Offered him the seat besides him and read out

the letter he had received from Yazid and when he reached the matter asking him to send the severed

head of Hussain, if Imam Hussain refuses to pay allegiance. Imam Hussain smiled and said:

"O Walid! Pledge of allegiance cannot be given secretly. Invites the Muslims of Madina tomorrow and

ask them if they say that I should pay allegiance to Yazid, let us then decide."

islamicoccasions.com Presents THE KARBALA ~ 12

Walid readily accepted the Holy Imam's reply but 'Marwan son of Al-Hakam' the old enemy of Islam

who was expelled by the Holy Prophet out of Madina, seated there, addressing Walid said:

"Let not Hussain go out of the grip now, lest the fox is out of the four walls of the court you will not

approach the dust behind it. Cut off his head now and let not this unique opportunity go for, you will

never get it again."

Imam Hussain (pbuh) stood up to depart from the Governor and hearing the insulting words of

Marwan, Imam Hussain the son of Ali the Lion of God got angry and retorted aloud: "Woe to you, O

son of a foreign women, will you cut my head off? By God, you have told a lie and showed your base

origin." Then he turned to al-Walid and said to him:

"O Walid! We are the household of the Prophet (pbuh). We surely are the centre of the message, and

to our house the angels descend from heaven. By us God sent his first Apostle and by us He sent the

seal of the Prophets. Yazid, on the other hand, is a corrupt man, who imbibes wine, puts to death the

soul which God forbids to be destroyed and declares his debauchery in public. A man like me would

never give a vow of loyalty to him. But we will see about that in the morning, so will you. We will see

and so will you, who is more entitled to the office of Caliphate and to receive the pledge of allegiance."

Marwan immediately got up and ran away and the Hashimites youth who stood restless and anxious,

hearing the voice of the Holy Imam, rushed into the court with drawn swords. Imam Hussain immediately

commanded restraint and had not Imam Hussain controlled the situation, the matter would

have been settled then and there. The meeting came to an end. Imam Hussain returned home.

Situation demanded another 'Muhammad' to rescue the faith

Imam decided to rise to his religious responsibilities as the lawful Imam and the leader of the Islamic

nation entrusted with the task of preserving its divine message.

He went to his grandfather's grave, and recited the following prayer: "O God, This is the grave of your

Prophet, Muhammad (pbuh) and I am his daughter's son, and I have come to know what you

undoubtedly know. O God, I like to enjoin the good and reject the evil. I ask you O Almighty God by

this grave and by who is in it to choose for me what would please You and Your Prophet."

Thus Imam Hussain (pbuh) pledged that he would defend the message whatever the cost, as long as

it would lead to God's satisfaction. He declared his first revolutionary communique which took the

form of a will he wrote to his brother, Muhammad Ibn Hanafiyyah:

"...I did not revolt for the cause of evil tyranny or corruption, but to reform my grandfather's [Prophet

Muhammad (pbuh)] nation. I want to enjoin the good and denounce the evil, and take the course of

my father and grandfather." This eternal communique was the official declaration of his revolution.

Imam Hussain (pbuh) decides to leave Madina

I

n the month of Rajab; exactly four months remained for Hajj. During the time of Hajj, people from

every corner of the country would come for pilgrimage to Makkah. He could then easily convey his

message to the people, Imam Hussain knew that if he were to start his Qiyam and struggle from

Makkah, all the world of Islam would become aware of his objectives and then it would not be so easy



This post first appeared on Azadars, please read the originial post: here

Share the post

The Karbala

×

Subscribe to Azadars

Get updates delivered right to your inbox!

Thank you for your subscription

×