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Mongoose populate embedded

Mongoose populate embedded

Problem

I use Mongoose.js and cannot solve problem with 3 level hierarchy document.

There 2 ways to do it.

First - without refs.

C = new Schema({
    'title': String,
});

B = new Schema({
    'title': String,
    'c': [C]
});

A = new Schema({
    'title': String,
    'b': [B]
});

I need to show C record. How can i Populate / find it, knowing only _id of C?

I was try use:

A.findOne({'b.c._id': req.params.c_id}, function(err, a){
    console.log(a);
});

But i dont know how to get from returnet a object only c object that i need.

Second if working with refs:

C = new Schema({
    'title': String,
});

B = new Schema({
    'title': String,
    'c': [{ type: Schema.Types.ObjectId, ref: 'C' }]
});

A = new Schema({
    'title': String,
    'b': [{ type: Schema.Types.ObjectId, ref: 'B' }]
});

How to populate all B, C records to get hierarchy?

I was try to use something like this:

A
.find({})
.populate('b')
.populate('b.c')
.exec(function(err, a){
    a.forEach(function(single_a){
        console.log('- ' + single_a.title);
        single_a.b.forEach(function(single_b){
            console.log('-- ' + single_b.title);
            single_b.c.forEach(function(single_c){
                console.log('--- ' + single_c.title);
            });
        });
    });
});

But it will return undefined for single_c.title. I there way to populate it?

Thanks.

Problem courtesy of: Oleg2tor

Solution

in Mongoose 4 you can populate documents across multiple levels:

Say you have a User schema which keeps track of the user's friends.

var userSchema = new Schema({
  name: String,
  friends: [{ type: ObjectId, ref: 'User' }]
});

populate() lets you get a list of a user's friends. But what if you also wanted a user's friends of friends? Specify the populate option to tell mongoose to populate the friends array of all the user's friends:

User.
  findOne({ name: 'Val' }).
  populate({
    path: 'friends',
    // Get friends of friends - populate the 'friends' array for every friend
    populate: { path: 'friends' }
  });

Taken from: http://mongoosejs.com/docs/populate.html#deep-populate

Solution courtesy of: Gianfranco P.

Discussion

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This post first appeared on Node.js Recipes, please read the originial post: here

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Mongoose populate embedded

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