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Wisconsin has the Twenty-Third Highest State and Local Tax Burden in the Nation for FY 2016

Key Policy Data

Feb 11, 2015

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In Fiscal Year (FY) 2016, Wisconsin collected $27.4 billion in state and local taxes—or $4,750 for every man, woman, and child. While this is an impressive sum of money, it tells us little about whether or not the average Wisconsin taxpayer can afford this level of taxation?

To better answer this question, this analysis will calculate Wisconsin’s Tax Burden relative to the private sector. Ultimately, it is the private sector that creates new wealth and income. A high tax burden means a state is hobbling its private sector relative to other states and reducing their long-run economic growth potential.

Click here to view tax burden data by state, type of tax, and for years 1950 to 2016

As shown in Chart 1, Wisconsin’s state and local tax burden (tax collections divided by private sector personal income) was the twenty-third highest in the nation for FY 2016 at 14.3 percent—or -1 percent below the national average of 14.2 percent.

Chart 1 Wisconsin State and Local Tax Burden FY 2016.jpg

#Wisconsin state and local #taxburden in FY 2016 was the 23rd highest in the nation at 14.2%— -1% below US average of 14.3% http://bit.ly/2FX9C8F @keypolicydata #WIpolitics #WIleg #WIsen #WIgov #PolicyData (click to tweet)

 

As shown in Chart 2, Wisconsin’s tax burden has increased over time by 59 percent to 14.2 percent in FY 2016 from 8.9 percent in FY 1950.

Chart 2 Wisconsin State and Local Tax Burden by Type of Tax FY 1950 to 2016.JPG

#Wisconsin state and local #taxburden has increased 59% between FY 1950 (8.9%) to 2016 (14.2%) http://bit.ly/2FX9C8F @keypolicydata #WIpolitics #WIleg #WIsen #WIgov #PolicyData (click to tweet)

Click here to view tax burden data by state, type of tax, and for years 1950 to 2016

As shown in Chart 3, Wisconsin’s 14.4 percent tax burden is greater than these combined industries: retail trade (6.1 percent), construction (5.9 percent), and educational services (1.4 percent).

Chart 3 Wisconsin State and Local Tax Burden vs. Major Industry FY 2016.JPG

#Wisconsin state and local #taxburden > retail, construction, and educational services http://bit.ly/2FX9C8F @keypolicydata #WIpolitics #WIleg #WIsen #WIgov #PolicyData (click to tweet)

Wisconsin’s lower than average state and local tax burden is driven by lower taxes such as the sales tax burden (2.8 percent, 16th lowest) and all other taxes burden (1.7 percent, 15th lowest) which are partially offset by higher taxes such as the individual income tax burden (3.9 percent, 15th highest), corporate income tax burden (0.5 percent, 17th highest), and property tax burden (4.8 percent, 17th highest).

Of course, the tax burdens for local government can vary just as much as they do among the 50 states. As such, we have also calculated the local government tax burden for every County in Wisconsin—this includes every taxing jurisdiction within the geographic county borders whether it is a city, a special district, or county government itself.

The 20 Wisconsin counties with the highest local government tax burden include:

  • Forest County, WI (17.5 percent, see note)
  • Washington County, WI (10.2 percent)
  • Oneida County, WI (9.5 percent)
  • Burnett County, WI (9.4 percent)
  • Sawyer County, WI (9.3 percent)
  • Douglas County, WI (9.2 percent)
  • Adams County, WI (8.4 percent)
  • Walworth County, WI (8.2 percent)
  • Bayfield County, WI (8.0 percent)
  • Iron County, WI (8.0 percent)
  • Ashland County, WI (7.3 percent)
  • Washburn County, WI (7.3 percent)
  • Marquette County, WI (7.2 percent)
  • Juneau County, WI (7.0 percent)
  • Door County, WI (6.9 percent)
  • Kenosha County, WI (6.7 percent)
  • Green Lake County, WI (6.7 percent)
  • Price County, WI (6.6 percent)
  • Sauk County, WI (6.5 percent)
  • Milwaukee County, WI (6.2 percent)

The 20 Wisconsin counties with the lowest local government tax burden include:

  • Buffalo County, WI (4.4 percent)
  • Wood County, WI (4.4 percent)
  • Portage County, WI (4.3 percent)
  • Lafayette County, WI (4.3 percent)
  • Kewaunee County, WI (4.3 percent)
  • Oconto County, WI (4.2 percent)
  • Grant County, WI (4.2 percent)
  • Green County, WI (4.1 percent)
  • Clark County, WI (4.0 percent)
  • Waukesha County, WI (4.0 percent)
  • Outagamie County, WI (3.9 percent)
  • Waupaca County, WI (3.9 percent)
  • Richland County, WI (3.9 percent)
  • Dodge County, WI (3.7 percent)
  • Chippewa County, WI (3.7 percent)
  • Manitowoc County, WI (3.7 percent)
  • St. Croix County, WI (3.4 percent)
  • Ozaukee County, WI (2.9 percent)
  • Calumet County, WI (2.4 percent)
  • Menominee County, WI (-22.7 percent, see note)

 

 Chart 4 Wisconsin Local Tax Burden by County FY 2016.JPG

 

Note: Tribal governments are classified as local governments in the government data used in this analysis. As a result, counties with significant tribal employment, such as tribal-owned casinos, will have very small, and in some cases negative, private sectors (such is the case for Menominee County). This result is compounded in low population counties.

Click here to view tax burden data by state, type of tax, and for years 1950 to 2016

Finally, don’t forget to watch our exclusive time-lapse video of state and local tax burdens over the last 66 years! See if your state has been above or below the national average?



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This post first appeared on Key Policy Data :: Home, please read the originial post: here

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Wisconsin has the Twenty-Third Highest State and Local Tax Burden in the Nation for FY 2016

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