Digestive disorders such as Vomiting and Diarrhea in dogs can be harmless or be a sign of serious pathologies that the veterinarian must take care of. Let’s review here the causes of these disorders and possible ways to prevent them.
Causes of diarrhea and vomiting in dogs
It must first of all distinguish acute conditions of chronic conditions that have different origins and who did not treat in the same way.
Among the acute affections we can cite:
- The gastroenteritis infectious, viral and often very common, especially in autumn and winter.
- The parasitic gastritis caused by parasites in the stomach (worms in dogs).
- Foreign bodies, sometimes large, that the dog may have swallowed. The operation is urgent in this case to avoid occlusion.
- Sudden changes in food that carnivores like dogs do not support.
- Diarrhea due to stress.
In the register of chronic conditions, we quote:
- Food poor assimilation syndrome
- Food allergies and intolerances (Atopic dermatitis in dogs)
- Gastritis, Enteritis, Gastroenteritis, Immuno-allergic recto-colitis
This list is obviously not exhaustive, the veterinarian will sometimes need additional examinations for a precise diagnosis.
Have the right reflexes!
Whatever the cause of the digestive disorders, certain actions may be enough to eradicate the first symptoms and even cure the animal if the disease is not serious, or at least allow without risk to wait to consult a veterinarian.
The five good reflexes in case of vomiting and / or diarrhea:
- Total cessation of food for 12 to 24 hours in case of diarrhea or vomiting, then very gradual resumption in case of improvement.
- Water is essential but ask a vet if you should continue to offer it to your dog.
- If you can get him to swallow, give your dog a gastrointestinal bandage.
- Have a puppy or a miniature dog lick a little honey from the fingertip, to fight against hypoglycemia.
- Contact your veterinarian if: the dog is slaughtered, the disorders persist, the dog is young or miniature, you notice a lot of blood in the stool.
Prevention of digestive disorders
Above all, adopt good food and hygiene rules to avoid digestive problems.
- Choose standardized, good quality food
- Avoid sweets or choose “light” products. Ban table scraps!
- Do not feed your dog real bones that may swallow pieces and injure themselves.
- Vaccinate every year and deworm your dog regularly (2 to 4 times a year), throughout his life and under the advice of your veterinarian.
- Use probiotics that help digestion in cases of acute diarrhea, chronic poor digestion, or when giving antibiotics
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