|Dr. Tolufe Abiola|
By Aminu D. Chumaro
The head of pediatrics ward Peace Hospital, Jimeta, Adamawa State Dr. Tolufe Abiola said "Stress happens when people feel like they don't have the tools to manage all of the demands in their lives. Stress can be short-term or long-term. Missing the bus or arguing with your spouse or partner can cause short-term stress. Money problems or trouble at work can cause long-term stress". He said that even happy events, like having a baby or getting married can cause stress. Some of the most common stressful life events include: Death of a spouse, Death of a close family member, Divorce, Losing your job, Major personal illness or injury marital separation, Marriage, Pregnancy, Retirement, Spending time in jail.
He further talked on the common signs of stress, he said "Everyone responds to stress a little differently. Your Symptoms may be different from someone else's, but some of the symptoms include: Not eating or eating too much, Feeling like you have no control, Needing to have too much control, Forgetfulness, Headaches, Lack of energy, Lack of focus, Trouble getting things done, Poor self-esteem, Short temper, Trouble sleeping, Upset stomach, Back pain, General aches and pains. These symptoms may also be signs of depression or anxiety, which can be caused by long-term stress.
He posited that "One recent survey found that women were more likely to experience physical symptoms of stress than men. But we don't have enough proof to say that this applies to all women. We do know that women often cope with stress in different ways than men. Women “tend and befriend.”
Dr Abiola said the body responds to stress by releasing stress hormones. These hormones make blood pressure, heart rate, and blood sugar levels go up. Long-term stress can help cause a variety of health problems, including: Mental health disorders, like depression and anxiety Obesity, Heart disease, High blood pressure, Abnormal heart beats, menstrual problems, Acne and other skin problems.
While speaking to the Scope, he talked about Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) a type of anxiety disorder that can occur after living through or seeing a dangerous event. It can also occur after a sudden traumatic event. This can include: Being a victim of or seeing violence, Being a victim of sexual or physical abuse or assault, the death or serious illness of a loved one fighting in a war, a severe car crash or a plane crash, Hurricanes.
He said "You can start having PTSD symptoms right after the event. Or symptoms can develop months or even years later. Symptoms may include: Nightmares, Flashbacks, or feeling like the event is happening again, Staying away from places and things that remind you of what happened, Being irritable, angry, or jumpy, Feeling strong guilt, depression, or worry, Trouble sleeping, Feeling “numb”, Having trouble remembering the event"
Dr Abiola said "Everyone has to deal with stress. There are steps you can take to help you handle stress in a positive way and these steps include: Be flexible and sometimes, it's not worth the stress to argue, Set limits. When it comes to things like work and family, figure out what you can really do. There are only so many hours in the day. Set limits for yourself and others. Don't be afraid to say NO to requests for your time and energy, Take deep breaths if you're feeling stressed, Take time to do something you want to do. We all have lots of things that we have to do. But often we don't take the time to do the things that we really want to do. It could be listening to music, reading a good book, or going to movies.
He further said" Think of this as an order from your doctor, so you won't feel guilty, Getting enough sleep helps you recover from the stresses of the day. Also, being well-rested helps you think better so that you are prepared to handle problems as they come up. Most adults need 7 to 9 hours of sleep a night to feel rested, eat right.
He questioned people to try to fuel up with fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains. He said “Your energy will wear off, and you could wind up feeling more tired than you did before, Get moving. Getting physical activity can not only help relax your tense muscles but improve your mood. Research shows that physical activity can help relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety; don't deal with stress in unhealthy ways. This includes drinking too much alcohol, using drugs, smoking, or overeating.