What is Swine Flu?
Swine Flu refers to influenza in pigs. It is transmitted from pigs to people and now it has become the deadly flu which is affecting people all around the globe.
Another name of Swine Flu is H1N1 virus. The symptoms of this flu are almost the same as regular flu, but it is highly dangerous than normal flu.
Swine Flu came in limelight in 2009 when it was first discovered in humans and become pandemic.
World Health Organization (WHO) declare H1N1 virus pandemic over in August 2010. After that scientists called H1N1 virus as H1N1v. ‘V’ stands for variant and indicates that the virus normally circulates in animals but has been detected in humans.
Symptoms of H1N1v or Swine Flu
The signs and symptoms of swine flu are almost the same as normal flu. They include:
- Red, watery eyes
- Snore throat
- Body ache
- Runny and stuffy nose
- Nausea and vomiting
Diagnosing of Swine Flu
Doctor diagnoses swine flu by taking fluid from your body. Doctor or nurse may swab your throat or nose to take the sample.
Causes of Swine Flu
Swine Flu is caused when the influenza viruses infect the cells that line your nose, throat, and lungs.
The virus enters in the victim’s body when you inhale contaminated droplets or transfer live virus from a contaminated surface to your eyes, nose or mouth.
Swine Flu can also be caused by eating pork as H1N1 virus is transferred in humans from the pigs.
Complications in this disease include:
- Worsening of chronic conditions, such as heart disease and asthma
- Neurological signs and symptoms, ranging from confusion to seizures
- Respiratory failure
Preventions of Swine Flu
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends annual flu vaccination for everyone age 6 months or older. The best way to prevent swine flu is to get yearly flu vaccination.
Other ways to prevent swine flu include:
- Washing and cleaning hands with soap and sanitizer frequently
- Avoid nose, mouth or eyes because the virus can enter in your body through these openings.
- Staying at home if you are suffering for ill
- Avoid large gathering when swine flu is in season
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