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Palpitations

Heart palpitations (pal-pih-TAY-shuns) are the feelings of having rapid, fluttering or pounding heart. Heart palpitations can be triggered by stress, exercise, medication or, rarely, a medical condition.
Although heart palpitations can be worrisome, they're usually harmless. In rare cases, heart palpitations can be a symptom of a more serious heart condition, such as an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), that may require treatment.

Symptoms

Heart palpitations can feel like your heart is:
  • Skipping beats
  • Fluttering
  • Beating too fast
  • Pumping harder than usual
You may feel heart palpitations in your throat or neck, as well as your chest. Heart palpitations can occur whether you're active or at rest, and whether you're standing, seated or lying down.

When to see a doctor

Palpitations that are infrequent and last only a few seconds usually don't require evaluation. If you have a history of heart disease and have frequent palpitations or have palpitations that worsen, talk to your doctor. He or she may suggest heart-monitoring tests to see if your palpitations are caused by a more serious heart problem.
Seek emergency medical attention if heart palpitations are accompanied by:
  • Chest discomfort or pain
  • Fainting
  • Severe shortness of breath
  • Severe dizziness

    Causes

    Often the cause of your heart palpitations can't be found. Common causes of heart palpitations include:
    • Strong emotional responses, such as stress or anxiety
    • Strenuous exercise
    • Caffeine
    • Nicotine
    • Fever (common rheumatic fever)
    • Hormone changes associated with menstruation, pregnancy or menopause
    • Taking cold and cough medications that contain pseudoephedrine, a stimulant
    • Taking some asthma inhaler medications that contain stimulants
    • Electrolyte imbalance
    Occasionally heart palpitations can be a sign of a serious problem, such as an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) or an abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia). Arrhythmias may include very fast heart rates (tachycardia), unusually slow heart rates (bradycardia) or an irregular heart rhythm.

    Diagnosis

    If your doctor thinks you have heart palpitations, he or she will listen to your heart using a stethoscope. Your doctor may also look for signs of medical conditions that can cause heart palpitations, such as a swollen thyroid gland.
    Other tests your doctor may perform include:
    • Electrocardiogram (ECG). In this noninvasive test, a technician will place probes on your chest that record the electrical impulses that make your heart beat.
    • An ECG can help your doctor detect irregularities in your heart's rhythm and structure that could cause palpitations. The test may be performed while you rest or exercise (stress electrocardiogram).
    • Holter monitoring. A Holter monitor is a portable device that you wear to record a continuous ECG, usually for 24 to 72 hours. Holter monitoring is used to detect heart palpitations that aren't found during a regular ECG exam.                                                                                                                             .     
    • Event recording. If you don't have irregular heart rhythms while you wear a Holter monitor, your doctor may recommend an event recorder.You wear an event recorder as much as possible throughout the day, and push a button on a recording device you wear on your belt to record your heartbeat when you have symptoms. You may need to wear an event monitor for several weeks.
    • Echocardiogram. This noninvasive exam, which includes an ultrasound of your chest, shows detailed images of your heart's structure and function. Ultrasound waves are transmitted, and their echoes are recorded with a device called a transducer that's held outside your body. A computer uses the information from the transducer to create moving images on a video monitor.
Treatment

Unless your doctor finds that you have a heart condition, heart palpitations seldom require treatment. Instead, your doctor may recommend ways for you to avoid the triggers that cause your palpitations.

The most appropriate way to treat palpitations at home is to avoid the triggers that may cause your symptoms. Some ways to avoid triggers include:
  • Reduce stress or anxiety. Try relaxation techniques, such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing or aromatherapy.
  • Avoid stimulants. Stimulants, including caffeine, nicotine, some cold medicines and energy drinks, can make your heart beat quickly or irregularly.
  • Avoid illegal drugs. Certain drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines, can bring on heart palpitations.

Sumplementation:

Magnesium (most important)

Calcium 

Potassium



If someone wants to tell experiences, write in the comments.

sources: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-palpitations/basics/definition/con-2003478


This post first appeared on The Book Of Health, please read the originial post: here

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