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Medical Terminology "c" Blog
Carcinogenic Potential of causing cancer Carcinoma A type of malignant cancer derived from epithelial tissues Cardiac arrest A condition occurs when the heart suddenly stops pumping blood around the body.
2018-10-20 08:57
Tankage An organic fertilizer that leaves an alkaline reaction.Tannin A complex, aromatic compound occurring in the bark of many shrubs and trees.Taproot The main, descending root of a plant… Read More
Terminology Z
2018-07-03 13:13
Zonation The distribution of organisms in zones; specifically, a stratification of certain kinds of algae at certain depths and locations in the ocean.Zooflagellate An animallike form of fla… Read More
Terminology Y
2018-07-03 13:10
Yeast A kind of fungus that is unicellular and lacks typical mycelia.Yolk sac The membrane covering the yolk of an egg Read More
2018-07-03 13:07
Warburg respirometer An apparatus used to study enzyme reactions in which an exchange of gases takes place.Wassermann antibodies Antibodies against cardiolipin, such as occur in syphilitic p… Read More
2018-07-03 13:04
Vaccination Inoculation with a biologic preparation (a vaccine) to produce immunity.Vaccine A preparation of killed or attenuated microorganisms, or their components, or their products, that… Read More
Terminology U
2018-07-03 13:00
Ultracentrifuge A high-speed centrifuge used for the determination of the particle size of viruses and proteins.Ultrafiltration A method for the removal of all but the very smallest particle… Read More
Terminology T
2018-07-03 12:56
Taxis The movement away from or toward a chemical or physical stimulus.Taxon, pl.taxa A taxonomic group, such as species, genus, or family.Taxonomy The classification (arrangement), nomencla… Read More
Terminology S
2018-07-02 13:30
Saccharolytic Capable of splitting sugar compounds.Salmonellosis An infection by Salmonella spp. that effects the gastrointestinal tract.Sanitizer An agent that reduces to levels judged safe… Read More
2018-07-02 07:56
Rabies An acute disease of humans and other animals, caused by a virus. It is transmitted from infected animals to humans through bites.Radioisotope An isotope that exhibits radioactivity.RD… Read More
2018-06-30 07:05
Quellung reaction The increase in the visibility of a bacterial capsule that results from the reaction between the capsular antigens and specific anticapsular serum Read More
Terminology P
2018-06-30 07:01
Palisade arrangement Cells lined side by side, as in the genus Corynebacterium.Palmelloid A stage in which masses of daughter cells without flagella develop.Pandemic A world-wide epidemic.Pa… Read More
Terminology O
2018-06-29 15:06
O antigens Polysaccharide antigens which extend from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacterial cells into the surrounding medium.Objective In a compound microscope, the system of lenses… Read More
2018-06-29 14:48
Nucleic acid One of a class of molecules composed of joined nucleotide complexes; the types are deoxyribonucleic acid (RNA).Nucleotide An indistinct area within a bacterial cell where the DN… Read More
2018-06-25 15:34
Macromolecules Large polymeric molecules, such as proteins, DNA, and polysaccharides.Macrophage See histiocyte.Macroscopic Visible without the aid of a microscope.Magnetosomes Magnetite incl… Read More
Terminology L
2018-06-23 13:41
Lachrymal fluid Tears.Lactose A carbohydrate (disaccharide) that is split into glucose and galactose on hydrolysis. Also called milk sugar. Abbreviation: lac.Lag phase The period of slow, or… Read More
Terminology K
2018-06-23 13:24
Kahn test A flocculation test for the diagnosis of syphilis.Karyogamy The fusion of gametic nuclei, as in fertilization.Karyotype The diploid appearance of the set of chromosomes.Kline test… Read More
Terminology I
2018-06-23 13:19
Icosahedron A solid formed of 20 triangular faces and 12 corners; the geometrical shape of many virions.Icosahedral virus A virus having cubical symmetry and a complex 20-sided capsid struct… Read More
Terminology H
2018-06-22 17:08
Habitat The natural enviroment of an organism.Halophile A microorganism whose growth is accelerated by or dependent on high salt concentrations.Hanging-drop technique A technique in which mi… Read More
Terminology G
2018-06-22 16:55
Gametangium, (pl. Gametangia) Sex organelle of fungi.Gamete A reproductive cell that fuses with another reproductive cell to form a zygote; which then develop into a new individual; a sex ce… Read More
Terminology F
2018-06-22 08:26
Facultative anaerobe An organism which does not require oxygen for growth (but may use it if available), which grows well under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions, and for which oxygen is… Read More
Terminology E
2018-06-21 16:40
Ecology The study of the interrelationships that exist between organisms and their environment.Ecosystem A functional system which include the organisms of a natural community together with… Read More
Terminology D
2018-06-20 16:51
DAP (Diaminopimelic acid) A seven-carbon diamino acid that occurs as a component of cell wall peptidoglycan in some bacteria.Dark-field microscopy A type of microscopic examination in which… Read More
2018-06-19 17:13
Calorie A unit of heat; the amount of heat required to raise the change in pH when acid or alkali is added.Capsid The protein coat of a virus.Capsomere A morphologic subunit of a capsid as s… Read More
Terminology B
2018-06-12 15:23
Bacillus Any rod-shaped bacterium.Bacteremia A condition in which bacteria are present in the blood stream.Bacterial filter A special type of filter through which bacterial cells cannot pass… Read More
Terminology A
2018-06-11 05:21
Abiogenesis  The origination of life from nonliving material. (Abio means nonliving ; genesis means origin).Abiotic Pertaining to or characterized by the absence of living organisms.Abs… Read More
Staphylococcus Infections
2018-05-23 12:16
Staphylococci are spherical bacteria that grow in irregular clusters. They were among the first pathogenic bacteria to be discovered in pus by Koch in 1878, cultivated by Pasteur in 1880, re… Read More
2018-05-22 08:09
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. It is considered to be the most serious of venereal diseases. This disease has been a part of hund… Read More
2018-05-20 07:55
Gonorrhea is a venereal or sexually transmitted disease that involves the urogenital tract of both male and female. It is caused by a bactentim Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The meaning of the term… Read More
Hepatitis E
2018-05-20 05:43
Hepatitis E is a viral disease caused by Hepatitis E virus (HEV). Clinically it is similarly to Hepatitis A. This virus was initially called non-A, non-B (NANB) hepatitis as the serological… Read More
2018-05-18 08:44
Kreb's CycleOrganisms derive the majority of their energy from the Kreb's Cycle, also known as the TCA cycle. The Kreb's Cycle is an aerobic process consisting of eight definite steps. In or… Read More
Hepatitis C
2018-05-18 08:19
Hepatitis C is a hepatic disease caused by virus called hepatitis C virus (HCV). This disease was initially named non-A, non-B (NANB) hepatitis after ruling out hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and… Read More
Health Benefits Of Lemon Balm Plant
2018-05-17 15:41
Lemon balm is a medicinal plant native to the East Mediterranean region and West Asia. It’s been used since ancient times for its many therapeutic properties and contains antibact… Read More
Hepatitis B
2018-05-17 11:50
Hepatitis B, caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV), is a major public health concern. It is a source of significant morbidity and mortality in Pakistan and around the globe. It is, along with ot… Read More
Hepatitis A
2018-05-14 12:52
Hepatitis A (hepar means liver; itis means inflammation) is a disease recognized by inflammation of liver and jaundice. It is one of the ancient diseases; it has been recognized since the ti… Read More
2018-05-13 09:18
Human intestinal protozoal infections are found world wide, particularly in the nonindustrialized countries. One of such infections is amebiasis, which is caused by Entameba histolytica. Thi… Read More
2018-05-13 09:17
Giardiasis is a disease of small intestine caused by a protozoan Giardia Iamblia (intestinalis). The disease is characterized by diarrhea and malabsorption. Prevalence is high through the tr… Read More
Escherichia Coli Infections
2018-05-10 16:45
Escherichia coli, commonly called Ecoli, normally occurs in nature, including the intestinal tracts of humans and other vertebrates. In intestine it constitutes the major part of the normal… Read More
2018-05-10 16:20
Campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease caused by Campylobacter jejuni. The disease is characterized by diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Some infected persons do not show a… Read More
2018-05-08 13:18
Cholera (L. cholera = bilious diarrhea) is an acute intestinal infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It involves the entire small intestine and is charac terized by profuse wate… Read More
2018-05-06 12:35
Shigellosis, also known as bacillary dysentery, is a bacterial disease caused by one of four species of genus ShigelIa. These include ShigelIa dysenteriae, Sh. sonnei, Sh. flexneri, and Sh… Read More
2018-05-05 13:11
Salmonellosis is a group of clinical patterns of infection caused by an approximately 2000 serotypes of Salmonellae tribe. This includes typhoid fever caused by Salmonella typhi, gastroenter… Read More
2018-05-04 03:59
Rubella, also known as German measles, is a respiratory infection that is caused by rubella virus. This virus is a member of genus arbovirus included in family, Togaviridae. The disease has… Read More
2018-05-03 11:52
Measles is a highly communicable disease that occurs worldwide. It is caused by a virus that is classified in the family Paramyxoviridae and genus Morbillivirus. With the introduction of eff… Read More
2018-05-03 09:35
Mumps is predominantly a childhood disease with a high rate of subclinical infection. It is caused by a paramyxoiurus. It is spread by droplet infection, by direct contact or through fomites… Read More
2018-04-30 14:59
Influenza (lt. influence) is a disease of the upper respiratory tract caused by RNA virus called influenza virus A, B and C. The disease is characterized by sudden onset, fever, chills, head… Read More
2018-04-13 12:55
TranslationTranslation is second step of gene expression. In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) produced by transcription is decoded by the ribosome to produce a specific amino acid chain, or… Read More
Gene Expression
2018-04-13 12:22
Gene ExpressionDNA is the genetic material which can replicate. The genetic material is in the form of specific sequences of nucleotides along the DNA strands. Now the question arises how do… Read More
Post-Transcriptional Modification Of MRNA
2018-04-11 16:37
Post-Transcriptional Modification of mRNAIn prokaryotes, there is no delay between transcription and translation as the mRNA emerges from DNA it undergoes translation due to the absence of a… Read More
2018-04-11 16:32
TranscriptionTranscrition is the synthesis of RNA from DNA. It is the first step of gene expression. It occurs in G0, G1 and G2 phases of cell cycle. Unlike DNA replication, it requires only… Read More
DNA Replication
2018-04-11 15:25
Mechanism Of DNA ReplicationAlthough DNA replication is a continuous process but here we are going to discuss it different phases for the sake of convenience.Initiation PhaseThe initiation p… Read More
2018-04-10 17:18
MiscarriageMiscarriage is the act of giving birth spontaneously to a foetus too premature to survive, usually before the 28th week of pregnancy. The loss of a baby after 20 weeks is cal… Read More
Test-Tube Baby Technique
2018-04-10 17:10
Treatment of InfertilityWhere environmental factors such as smoking, obesity and stress are involved, treatment is aimed at removing or reducing the factor responsible. A number of treatment… Read More
Disorders Of Reproductive System
2018-04-10 17:04
Disorders Of Reproductive SystemInfertility cannot be defined precisely because there are varing degrees of infertility. A useful working definition is the failure to achieve pregnancy.Cause… Read More
2018-04-09 14:47
Innate behaviour (Inborn Or Instinctive behaviour)Innate behaviour may be defined as behaviour resulting from genetically determined neural programmes that are part of the nervous system at… Read More
Biological Rhythms
2018-04-08 17:21
Biological RhythmsBiological rhythms are cyclic pattern of physiological changes or changes in activity in living organisms that are in response to periodic environmental changes. The intern… Read More
Neurotransmitter (classification)
2018-04-08 05:25
Classification Of NeurotransmittersNeurotransmitters are classified as excitatory and inhibitory. Neurotransmitters that cause increased membrane permeability to sodium ions and, thus, trigg… Read More
Nerve Impulse
2018-04-07 15:01
Nerve ImpulseNerve impulse is information and signal about a stimulus that is transmitted from receptors to CNS and from CNS to effectors. In technical terms, a nerve impulse can be defined… Read More
Terminology 'Z'
2018-03-07 14:18
ZZ chromosome A sex chromosome in certain animals, such as chickens, turkeys, and moths. In animals with a Z chromosome, males are ZZ and females are WZZAP-70 Zeta-chain-associated… Read More
Terminology 'Y'
2018-03-07 13:58
YY chromatin A brilliantly fluorescent body seen under the microscope in cells containing a Y chromosome when the cells are stained with the dye quinacrineY chromosome The sex chromosom… Read More
Terminology 'X'
2018-03-07 13:32
XX chromosome The sex chromosome that is found twice in normal females and singly, along with a Y chromosome , in normal malesX inactivation The phenomenon in a female by which one X chromos… Read More
2018-02-27 07:20
UUbidecarenone Also known as ubiquinone, ubidecarenone, coenzyme Q, and abbreviated at times to CoQ₁₀, CoQ, or Q₁₀ is a coenzyme that is ubiquitous in animals an… Read More
2018-02-27 07:20
VVaccination Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against the microbe, thereby preventing diseaseVaccines Microbial preparations of killed or modified microo… Read More
2018-02-27 07:19
 WWaardenburg syndrome A genetic disorder that causes deafness, white forelock (a frontal white blaze of hair), a difference of color between the iris of one eye and the other(hete… Read More
2018-02-21 12:21
TT (thymine) In genetics , T stands for thymine , one member of the A- T (adenine -thymine) base pair in DNAT cell A type of lymphocyte (a subtype of white blood cell) that plays a central r… Read More
Terminology 'S'
2018-02-10 17:27
SSA node The SA node (SA stands for sinoatrial) is one of the major elements in the cardiac conduction system, the system that controls the heart rateSabulous Sandy or grittySaccade Abr… Read More
Terminology 'R'
2018-02-07 16:42
RRabbit fever An infection in rabbits and other wild rodents caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis that can be transmitted to humans by contact with infected animal tissue… Read More
Terminology 'Q'
2018-02-06 16:01
QQ fever An infectious disease due to the bacterium Coxiella burnetii whose symptoms include fever, headache, malaise, and pneumonia.The Q stands for query because the cause of the disease w… Read More
2018-01-27 09:20
PPacemaker A system that sends electrical impulses to the heart in order to set the heart rhythmPachydactyly Thick fingers or toesPachyderma Thick skin like that of an an elephant, rhinocero… Read More
Terminology 'O'
2018-01-22 16:17
OOat cell cancer A type of lung cancer in which the cells are small, round and resemble oatsObese If a person's bodyweight is at least20% higher than it should be, he or she is consider… Read More
Terminology 'N'
2018-01-18 15:26
NNanism Once known as dwarfism, this condition is now correctly called short statureNapiform Turnip-shaped.Large and round at the top and tapering down sharply and becoming exceedingly… Read More
2018-01-11 04:02
MMacerate To soften tissues after death by soaking and by enzymatic digestionMacroangiopathy A disease of the large blood vessels in which fat and blood clots build up and stick to the vesse… Read More
2018-01-01 15:35
LLab test A test conducted under controlled scientific conditions in aylaboratory where the appropriate equipment, supplies, and certifiedexpertise are availableLabia The inner and oute… Read More
2017-12-31 15:21
KKabuki syndrome A genetic disorder that effect many parts of the body.In this syndrome ,the facial features of affected individual resemble to the makeup used in Japanese Kabuki theaterKale… Read More
2017-12-30 15:26
JJakob's disease A rare, degenerative,invariably fatal brain disorder,better known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)Jammed finger An injury of the finger jointsJapanese encephalitis A mosqu… Read More
2017-12-30 15:04
IIatrapistic Lack of faith in doctorsIatric Relating to medicine or a physicianIatromelia An ineffective or negligent medical treatmentIatromisia An intense dislike of doctorsIbuprofen A non… Read More
Health Hazards Of Newspapers Rapped Foods
2017-12-28 10:10
We observe in our daily life that the local street foods ,specially fried items we buy ,are usually wrapped in newspapers.Do you ever think, how this newspaper wrapped food that we conusume… Read More
2017-12-25 12:06
HHabitual abortion The miscarriage of 3 or more consecutive pregnancies, a form of infertility, sometimes due to chromosome abnormalities or other genetic causesHabitus The physique or… Read More
Medical Terminology
2017-12-24 11:41
                       BB cell A type of white blood cell and,specifically, a type of lymphocyteB virus The endemic simp… Read More
Medical Terminology
2017-12-16 13:37
                              Gait A manner of walking. Observation of gait can provide early diagnostic… Read More
Medical Terminology
2017-12-16 10:08
                     AAbdominal relating to or near the middle region of the bodyAbdominoplasty cosmetic surgery of the abdom… Read More
Medical Terminology
2017-12-13 14:48
                            CCarcinogenic Potential of causing cancerCarcinoma A type of malignant cancer… Read More
Medical Terminology
2017-12-13 14:47
                        DDefibrillation To arrest the fibrillation of (heart muscle) by applying electric shock across the ch… Read More
Medical Terminology
2017-12-13 14:45
                          EEagle syndrome Inflammation of the styloid process, a spike-like growth that projects ou… Read More
Medical Terminology
2017-12-13 12:50
                                  FFacelift A type of cosmetic surgery or facial toning procedu… Read More
2017-12-09 08:36
Cystoparalysis paralysis of the urinary bladderCystoplegia paralysis of the urinary bladderCystitis inflammation of the bladder, usually caused by a bladder infectionCytoplast… Read More
Online Medical Dictionary
2017-12-07 13:16
Use this free online medical dictionary search engine to research and learn about medical terminology, healthcare equipment, health conditions, medical devices, medical abbreviations , medic… Read More

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Medical Terminology "C"


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