Civil War Photographs – Part 2
Civil War Photographs – Photography was still a relatively new technology during the American Civil War, but war correspondents managed to capture thousands of riveting photos throughout the conflict. These graphic images brought the front line of the war straight to the people of the United States and the entire world. These historic photos showed everyone exactly what the battle was really like, from the perspective of the trenches, farms, prisons, battleships, hospitals and cities that were engulfed by the war.
These photos also portrayed the human side of war by showcasing generals, slaves, soldiers, politicians and others that lived and died during these turbulent times in our American history.
Below is a sampling of 20 astonishing Civil War photographs. This is Part 2 of an ongoing series. View Part 1 of our Civil War Photos collection here.
1. Yorktown, Virginia in May of 1862 – Officers of 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery posing with 13-inch seacoast mortars of Federal Battery No. 4. (LOC)
2. Yorktown, Virginia – Civilian passengers and military personnel boarding ship for White House Landing, Virginia. This photo is from the main eastern theater of war, the Peninsular Campaign. May-August 1862. (LOC)
3. August 1864 – A group of soldiers from Company B, U.S. Engineer Battalion. Petersburg, Virginia. (LOC)
4. Civil War Photos – Peninsula Campaign of 1862 – Soldiers on patrol in the fortifications at Yorktown, Virginia.
5. Three “Johnny Reb” prisoners, captured at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. (LOC)
6. “Council of War” May 21, 1864 – General Ulysses S. Grant (2nd from left on bench at center left), Gen. George G. Meade, Assistant Secretary of War – Charles A. Dana, and several staff officers meet at Massaponax Church, in Virginia. (LOC)
7. Portrait of Confederate General, Robert E. Lee. Photo taken by Mathew Brady in Richmond, Virginia in late April 1865. Lee became general-in-chief of all Confederate forces and it was his surrender to General Ulysses Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1965 that effectively brought about the end of the conflict. (Mathew Brady / LOC)
8. Photograph of camp life during the Civil War. This photo depicts a family in the 31st Penn. Infantry (later the 82nd Penn. Infantry) at Queen’s Farm, vicinity of Fort Slocum, Washington, District of Columbia ca 1861. (LOC)
9. Rose O’Neal Greenhow (aka “Wild Rose”) is shown in this photo posing with her daughter inside the Capitol Prison at Washington, District of Columbia. Wild Rose was a Confederate spy that used her social ties in and around the Washington area to pass information to the South. Captured by Allan Pinkerton in 1861, she was held prisoner of the North for nearly a year and ultimately deported to Richmond, Virginia where she was welcomed with open arms by southerners. Greenhow went on to serve as a diplomat for the Confederacy, traveling to Europe and in 1863. She met an untimely death in October 1864 when sailing home aboard blockade runner. Her ship was being pursued by a Union ship near North Carolina and ended-up running aground. Greenhow drowned when her rowboat capsized. (LOC)
10. April 1865 – This Civil War photograph shows destruction from the “Burnt District” of Richmond, Virginia. (LOC)
11. Inflation of a hydrogen gas balloon. The Union Army Balloon Corps incorporated the use of seven such balloons for aerial reconnaissance. The Intrepid, shown here, was the favorite of Chief Aeronaut Thaddeus Lowe. (Mathew Brady / LOC)
12. Union photographer Mathew Brady took this Civil War photograph of Confederate troops on the opposite side of a destroyed bridge in Fredericksburg, Virginia. The distance is about one mile.
13. 16th President of the United States of America, Abraham Lincoln, is shown here in a head-and-shoulders portrait photograph taken by Alexander Gardner on February 5, 1865. Typically called the “last photograph of Lincoln from life,” this photograph of Lincoln was commonly thought to have been taken on April 10, 1865. However, recent research shows that the true date of this photo to be the earlier February date. The crack in the photo is from the original negative, which was broken in 1865. (LOC)
14. May 1865 – Confederate Mill in Petersburg, Virginia. (LOC)
15. Civil War Photographs – June 1864 – Captured Confederate Army encampment near Petersburg, Virginia. (LOC)
16. This photograph from near Petersburg, Virginia shows a mortar mounted on a railroad car. (LOC)
17. Stacked cannon balls – believed to be a view of a Washington, D.C. arsenal yard.
18. This 1862 photo shows Confederate soldiers marching through Union occupied Frederic, Maryland.
19. August 1862 – Fugitive African Americans are shown here crossing the Rappahannock River during the Second Battle of Bull Run. (LOC)
20. March 1865 – Civil War photograph showing the outside of Fort Sumter’s battered walls.
Sources and further reading:
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