The Apaches began around 850 AD from the North, to colonize the plains and southwestern parts of America. They were installed in three main desolate lands, the Great Basin, the Sonora, and the Chihuahua. Finally, they lived in the eastern Arizona and in some areas in New Mexico, in Colorado, in Oklahoma, and in Texas.
Their economy was based on the exchange of buffalo, animal fat, meat, salt, pottery, cotton, corn and other goods.
Apace and the tactic of guerrilla warfare
They developed the tactic of guerrilla warfare, which they became unrivalled, and over the time, they used this tactic to attack rival races, in order to expand their territories against Spanish, Mexican and Anglo-Americans, to dispose of food and supplies.
In general, the Apaches maintained friendly relations with neighbouring tribes. However, the arrival of the Spaniards in the American continent changed dramatically the situation. The Spaniards were slaughtered and started kidnapping indigenous peoples. The Apaches, in turn, attacked the camps in Spain, in order to grab cattle, horses, arms and hostages. The abilities and the power of them are considered as legendary, while they were able to run 50 miles without interruption and move with extraordinary speed and flexibility.
Indicative of their abilities was the description of a US general, who fought with them in1800, and had called them as the “human tigers”.
The daily life of Apache
The Apache lived by chasing and cultivating the Earth. They lived in scenes that were domed, and in the middle of them, there was a fireplace. The animals had a human status for them. According to their tradition, the animals took the souls of the dead people. Their society was structured in large Family groups with a common birthplace, while each group was independent, under the leadership of a family leader.
In periods of warfare operations, it seemed that the things changed. All the neighbourhoods joined in the centre, in order to confront the common enemy. Leaders from local Family Groups elect on the Council, the head of war to lead the campaign. However, if a group preferred to appoint its own head, it was free to do so.
The everyday life of them was governed by a strict treatment, and the strong family ties constituted the basis of their society. Each group consisted of a family or tribe, while all social, economic and political structures were based on the female legacy of leadership. Marriages within the same faction were not allowed. When the son of a family married, automatically all his obligations redirected to the family of his mother-in-law. The social assembly was essentially strictly matriarchal and the woman played a dominant role in the life of the Apaches.
The Apache breed was one of the most powerful and important tribes of the North American Indians. They resisted vigorously against the Spaniards, and later to the Americans while trying to maintain their history and traditions.
But in the end, they succumbed to the military and political supremacy of their opponents.
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