A dowry is a transfer of parental property, gifts or money at the marriage of a daughter. Dowry contrasts with the related concepts of bride price and dower. While bride price or bride service is a payment by the groom or his family to the bride's parents, dowry is the wealth transferred from the bride's family to the groom or his family, ostensibly for the bride. Similarly, dower is the property settled on the bride herself, by the groom at the time of marriage, and which remains under her ownership and control. Dowry is an ancient custom, and its existence may well predate records of it. Causes of dowry: o Poverty is the main causes behind dowry because most of the people in Bangladeshi are poor. They often take dowry to reduce their Poverty. o Because of the Illiteracy, most the people are unaware of the effect of dowry. o Narrow mentality behind the dowry system. o Negative attitude towards the women o Lack of women Education in Families is the reason for giving dowry. o Lack of decision making the power of women’s in the family because in Bangladesh families are ruled by a father .Because of that the position of woman in a family is much disagreed. o Women are less independent than men. In Bangladesh; most of the women are housewives and have less economic power to control the family. Because of dependency, women become a burden on a family. o Sometimes bridegroom wants money to do business or want to make his life settle with that money. o In a town, people think that giving dowry in a marriage creating more status in society. o Women spend a good life in husband’s house if dowry paid in marriage. o In a village, most of the people think Dowry is their legal right which has to pay the daughter’s family in a marriage. o In a village, Poor parents consider any expenses for educating a girl unproductive as she leaves their family after marriage. o In the village if brides are not beautiful to look at or if they get late married then they are to give a lot of money as dowry to the bridegroom. o The giving of a dower seems to be an established Bangladeshi cultural institution. The wife is expected to bring suitable gifts (monetary or otherwise) with her to her new home or shoshurbari. o Dependence on husband and living on their income, social corruption and so on are the main causes of dowry.
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